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Report on Kanlaon (Philippines) — August 1978


Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 3, no. 8 (August 1978)
Managing Editor: David Squires.

Kanlaon (Philippines) Intermittent ash emission continues

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1978. Report on Kanlaon (Philippines) (Squires, D., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 3:8. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN197808-272020



10.412°N, 123.132°E; summit elev. 2435 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

Canlaon ejected steam and a little ash for 4.5 hours on 2 August. The cloud rose 800-1,400 m above the crater rim. Seismographs recorded local activity. A smaller eruption occurred at 0610 on 9 August, producing a 250-m cloud. [A smaller eruption ended with small explosions on 14 August at 0615 and 2 September at 1600.]

Further Reference. Oanes, A., 1978, 1978 Canlaon volcano eruption: COMVOL report (unpub.).

Geological Summary. Kanlaon volcano (also spelled Canlaon) forms the highest point on the island of Negros, Philippines. The massive andesitic stratovolcano is covered with fissure-controlled pyroclastic cones and craters, many of which are filled by lakes. The largest debris avalanche known in the Philippines traveled 33 km SW from Kanlaon. The summit contains a 2-km-wide, elongated northern caldera with a crater lake and a smaller but higher active vent, Lugud crater, to the south. Eruptions recorded since 1866 have typically consisted of phreatic explosions of small-to-moderate size that produce minor local ashfall.

Information Contacts: G. Andal, COMVOL, Quezon City.