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Report on Asamayama (Japan) — March 1983


Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 8, no. 3 (March 1983)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Asamayama (Japan) Incandescent tephra ejected; ashfall to 250 km

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1983. Report on Asamayama (Japan) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 8:3. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198303-283110



36.406°N, 138.523°E; summit elev. 2568 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

Asama ejected incandescent tephra before dawn 8 April. Fine ash carried by W winds fell as much as 250 km away and turned snow-capped mountains gray 80 km from the volcano. Scattered brush fires were started by hot tephra in nearby foothills. During the day, columns of whitish vapor rose from the crater. Visible imagery from the NOAA 7 polar orbiting satellite at 1500 on 8 April showed remnants of a plume extending about 80 km to the ENE, probably at roughly 5 km altitude. No casualties or major damage were reported.

Geological Summary. Asamayama, Honshu's most active volcano, overlooks the resort town of Karuizawa, 140 km NW of Tokyo. The volcano is located at the junction of the Izu-Marianas and NE Japan volcanic arcs. The modern Maekake cone forms the summit and is situated east of the horseshoe-shaped remnant of an older andesitic volcano, Kurofuyama, which was destroyed by a late-Pleistocene landslide about 20,000 years before present (BP). Growth of a dacitic shield volcano was accompanied by pumiceous pyroclastic flows, the largest of which occurred about 14,000-11,000 BP, and by growth of the Ko-Asama-yama lava dome on the east flank. Maekake, capped by the Kamayama pyroclastic cone that forms the present summit, is probably only a few thousand years old and has an historical record dating back at least to the 11th century CE. Maekake has had several major plinian eruptions, the last two of which occurred in 1108 (Asamayama's largest Holocene eruption) and 1783 CE.

Information Contacts: D. Haller, NOAA/NESDIS; UPI.