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Report on Myojinsho (Japan) — March 1988


Myojinsho

Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 3 (March 1988)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Myojinsho (Japan) Discolored water

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1988. Report on Myojinsho (Japan) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 13:3. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198803-284070



Myojinsho

Japan

31.888°N, 139.918°E; summit elev. 11 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


Light green discolored water, centered over the vent in a fan-shaped zone ~8 km long, was seen from the air on 18 March. The next day, a circle of light green discolored water ~1.8 km in diameter was visible.

Geological Summary. Beyonesu Rocks represent part of the barely exposed rim of the largely submarine Myojinsho caldera. Formation of the 8-9 km wide caldera was followed by construction of a large (2.6 km3) lava dome and/or lava flow complex on the caldera floor, originally located at a depth of 1000-1100 m. Most historical eruptions, recorded since the late-19th century, have occurred from the large post-caldera Myojinsho lava dome on the NE rim of the caldera. Deposits from submarine pyroclastic flows associated with growth of the dacitic lava dome mantle the conical dome and extend into the NE part of the caldera and down its outer slopes. An explosive submarine eruption from Myojinsho in 1952 destroyed a Japanese research vessel, killing all 31 on board. Submarine eruptions have also been observed from other points on the caldera rim and outside of the caldera. The Beyonesu Rocks were named after the French warship the Bayonnaise, which was surveying volcanic islands south of Tokyo Bay in 1850.

Information Contacts: JMA.