Report on San Miguel (El Salvador) — 11 August-17 August 2010
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
11 August-17 August 2010
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2010. Report on San Miguel (El Salvador). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 11 August-17 August 2010. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
13.434°N, 88.269°W; summit elev. 2130 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
On 13 August, Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (SNET) reported that seismicity remained above background levels after an increase was detected on 1 August. Average background RSAM values ranged from 15 to 50 units per day. During 12-13 August, RSAM values ranged between 433 and 465. Over the next few days, seismicity decreased significantly; from 14 August to 16 August, RSAM values decreased from 188 to 132. Access to areas within a 2-km-radius remained restricted.
Geological Summary. The symmetrical cone of San Miguel, one of the most active volcanoes in El Salvador, rises from near sea level to form one of the country's most prominent landmarks. A broad, deep, crater complex that has been frequently modified by eruptions recorded since the early 16th century caps the truncated unvegetated summit, also known locally as Chaparrastique. Flanks eruptions of the basaltic-andesitic volcano have produced many lava flows, including several during the 17th-19th centuries that extended to the N, NE, and SE. The SE-flank flows are the largest and form broad, sparsely vegetated lava fields crossed by highways and a railroad skirting the base of the volcano. Flank vent locations have migrated higher on the edifice during historical time, and the most recent activity has consisted of minor ash eruptions from the summit crater.