Report on Stromboli (Italy) — 10 November-16 November 2021
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
10 November-16 November 2021
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2021. Report on Stromboli (Italy). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 10 November-16 November 2021. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
38.789°N, 15.213°E; summit elev. 924 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
INGV reported that during 8-14 November activity at Stromboli was characterized by ongoing explosive activity from five vents in Area N (North Crater area) and four vents in Area C-S (South-Central Crater area). Sometimes weather conditions prevented visual confirmation with webcams. Explosions from two vents in the N1 vent (Area N) ejected lapilli and bombs 80 m high. Short periods of spattering at the vent overlooking the Sciara del Fuoco was sometimes observed and intensified on 8 and 12 November. Explosions at three N2 vents (Area N) averaged 10-15 events per hour and ejected material 80-150 m high. Sometimes intense spattering was recorded during 8-9 and 14 November. No explosions occurred at S1 and C vents in Area C-S; explosions at the two S2 vents occurred at a rate of 6-7 per hour and ejected coarse material as high as 80 m high.
Geological Summary. Spectacular incandescent nighttime explosions at Stromboli have long attracted visitors to the "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean" in the NE Aeolian Islands. This volcano has lent its name to the frequent mild explosive activity that has characterized its eruptions throughout much of historical time. The small island is the emergent summit of a volcano that grew in two main eruptive cycles, the last of which formed the western portion of the island. The Neostromboli eruptive period took place between about 13,000 and 5,000 years ago. The active summit vents are located at the head of the Sciara del Fuoco, a prominent scarp that formed about 5,000 years ago due to a series of slope failures which extends to below sea level. The modern volcano has been constructed within this scarp, which funnels pyroclastic ejecta and lava flows to the NW. Essentially continuous mild Strombolian explosions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, have been recorded for more than a millennium.