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Report on Sangay (Ecuador) — 29 May-4 June 2024


Smithsonian Institution / US Geological Survey
Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 29 May-4 June 2024
Managing Editor: Sally Sennert.

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 2024. Report on Sangay (Ecuador) (Sennert, S, ed.). Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 29 May-4 June 2024. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.

Weekly Report (29 May-4 June 2024)



2.005°S, 78.341°W; summit elev. 5286 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

IG-EPN reported that high levels of eruptive activity continued at Sangay during 28 May-4 June. Daily gas-and-ash plumes visible in webcam and/or satellite images rose as high as 2 km above the summit and drifted NW, W, and SW; ash emissions were not confirmed on 4 June. Weather conditions often hindered views during the week. Minor ashfall was reported in Cebadas del Cantón Guamote (35 km WNW), Provincia Chimborazo on 1 June. Incandescent material at the crater was visible during the dark hours of 28-29 May and 31 May-3 June, and several episodes of incandescent material traveling as far as 1 km down the SE flank were visible during 1-3 June. Secretaría de Gestión de Riesgos (SGR) maintained the Alert Level at Yellow (the second highest level on a four-color scale).

Geological Summary. The isolated Sangay volcano, located east of the Andean crest, is the southernmost of Ecuador's volcanoes and its most active. The steep-sided, glacier-covered, dominantly andesitic volcano grew within the open calderas of two previous edifices which were destroyed by collapse to the east, producing large debris avalanches that reached the Amazonian lowlands. The modern edifice dates back to at least 14,000 years ago. It towers above the tropical jungle on the east side; on the other sides flat plains of ash have been eroded by heavy rains into steep-walled canyons up to 600 m deep. The earliest report of an eruption was in 1628. Almost continuous eruptions were reported from 1728 until 1916, and again from 1934 to the present. The almost constant activity has caused frequent changes to the morphology of the summit crater complex.

Sources: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG-EPN), Secretaría de Gestión de Riesgos (SGR)