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Tondano Caldera

Photo of this volcano
  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Caldera
  • Unknown - Unrest / Holocene
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 1.23°N
  • 124.83°E

  • 1202 m
    3944 ft

  • 266070
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Tondano Caldera.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Tondano Caldera.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Tondano Caldera.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Tondano Caldera. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Tondano Caldera page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Tondano Caldera.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Tondano Caldera.

Photo Gallery

A fumarole rises above an area of extensive hydrothermal alteration at Raindang, on the western flank of Gunung Lahendong, one of several post-caldera cones in the 20 x 30 km Tondano caldera in northern Sulawesi. The caldera floor is dotted with pyroclastic cones, obsidian flows, and numerous hydrothermal areas. No historical eruptions are known from the caldera itself, although several stratovolcanoes constructed along its rim have been historically active.

Photo by Sukiman Kamal, 1979 (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Geologic Map of the Manado Quadrangle, North Sulawesi
Publisher: Geological Survey of Indonesia
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1976
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Geologic Map of the Manado Quadrangle, North Sulawesi

Title: Soputan & Mahawu
Publisher: Dinas Vulkanologi
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1969
Map Type: Geology (Volcanic Hazard)
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Soputan & Mahawu

Title: Manado
Publisher: US Defense Intelligence Agency & Army Map Service
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1968
Series: 1501
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Manado

Title: Amoerang
Publisher: US Army
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1945
Series: T541
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of Amoerang

Title: Manado
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Manado
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Tondano Caldera in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites