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Camiguin

Photo of this volcano
  • Philippines
  • Cotabato Volcanic Arc
  • Composite | Stratovolcano(es)
  • 1953 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Province
  • Landform | Volc Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 9.203°N
  • 124.673°E

  • 1552 m
    5092 ft

  • 271080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports available for Camiguin.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Camiguin.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Camiguin.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 4 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.

1948 Sep 1 - 1953 Jul 16 ± 15 days Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 3

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Upper NE flank of Hibok-Hibok
1948 Sep 1 - 1953 Jul 16 ± 15 days Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 21 Events for Episode 1 at Upper NE flank of Hibok-Hibok

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Seismicity (volcanic) Before eruption.
   - - - -    - - - - Seismicity (volcanic)
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Directed Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Pyroclastic flow
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Lava dome
   - - - -    - - - - Ash
   - - - -    - - - - Audible Sounds
   - - - -    - - - - Earthquake (tectonic) Before eruption.
   - - - -    - - - - Earthquake (tectonic)
   - - - -    - - - - Lahar or Mudflow
   - - - -    - - - - Property Damage
   - - - -    - - - - Evacuations
1948 Sep 1    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)
1949 Jun    - - - - Fatalities
1950 Sep 15    - - - - Fatalities
1950 Sep 15    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)
1951 Dec 4    - - - - Fatalities
1951 Dec 4    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)
1954    - - - - Fatalities

[ 1902 Jul 27 ] Discredited Eruption

[ 1897 ] Discredited Eruption

1871 Apr 30 - 1875 Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Lower NW flank of Hibok-Hibok (Mt. Vulcan)
1871 Apr 30 - 1875 Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 10 Events for Episode 1 at Lower NW flank of Hibok-Hibok (Mt. Vulcan)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava dome
   - - - -    - - - - Ash
   - - - -    - - - - Blocks
   - - - -    - - - - Audible Sounds
   - - - -    - - - - Earthquakes (undefined) Before.
   - - - -    - - - - Property Damage
   - - - -    - - - - Evacuations
1870 Apr 30    - - - - Fatalities
1871 Apr 30    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

1862 Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Hibok-Hibok
1862 - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Hibok-Hibok

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion Uncertain
   - - - -    - - - - Lahar or Mudflow
   - - - -    - - - - Property Damage
1862    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

1827 Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Hibok-Hibok
1827 - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Hibok-Hibok

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion Uncertain
   - - - -    - - - - Lahar or Mudflow
   - - - -    - - - - Property Damage
1827    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Camiguin.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Camiguin.

Photo Gallery

Camiguin Island, just off the coast of north-central Mindanao Island (lower right), consists of four overlapping cones. Cloud-covered Mt. Mambajao forms the high point of the island. The youngest volcano, Hibok-Hibok (also known as Catarman) at the NW end of the island, has been historically active. Major eruptions during 1871-75 and 1948-53 formed flank lava domes at Hibok-Hibok and produced pyroclastic flows that devastated coastal villages.

NASA Landsat image, 2002 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).
Mt. Vulcan (left) and Hibok-Hibok (right) are two historically active lava domes on Camiguin Island. These two domes were active in the 19th and 20th centuries, with Mt. Vulcan forming in 1871. Several historical eruptions have occurred at Hibok-Hibok with the most recent during 1948-1953, when pyroclastic flows devastated island villages. The 20-km-long Camiguin Island lies just off the coast of north-central Mindanao Island and consists of four overlapping volcanoes and flank lava domes.

Photo by Juny La Putt, 2002.
Mt. Vulcan, a lava dome on the NW flank of the Hibok-Hibok lava-dome complex, formed during the 1871-1875 eruption. Following earthquakes beginning in January 1871, an explosion occurred on 30 April from a vent on the NW flank near the coast, destroying an area with a 3 km radius. Explosive activity continued for about a week, after which lava effusion began. Dome growth lasted for four years, producing by 1875 a dome about 1.6 km in diameter.

Photo by Juny La Putt, 2002.
GVP Map Holdings

Maps are not currently available due to technical issues.

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Camiguin in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites