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Opala

Photo of this volcano
  • Russia
  • Kamchatka and Mainland Asia
  • Caldera
  • 1776 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 52.543°N
  • 157.339°E

  • 2439 m
    8002 ft

  • 300080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Opala.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Opala.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Opala.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 7 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1894 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
[ 1854 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 1827 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1776 Oct 23 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
0610 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (corrected) SE flank (Barany Amphitheater)
1550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
3500 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Opala.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Opala.

Photo Gallery

Opala volcano, seen here from the E, lies about 50 km W of the main volcanic arc in southern Kamchatka. The edifice was constructed at the N end of the 10 x 12 km, 40,000-year-old Opala caldera. Post-caldera Holocene volcanism included the extrusion of lava domes and flows. The latest major explosion formed the Barany amphitheater on the SE flank about 1,500 years ago.

Photo by Andrei Tsvetkov.
See title for photo information.
Late Pleistocene-Holocene scoria cones in the foreground are located on the southern part of Tolmachev Dol (Tolmachev Plateau) with Opala volcano in the background. Tolmachev Dol is a large volcanic highland NE of Opala that contains numerous postglacial scoria cones. The cones and associated lava fields cover a broad area around Lake Tolmachev halfway between Opala and Gorely.

Copyrighted photo by Leopold Sulerzhitsky (Holocene Kamchataka volcanoes; http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/volcanoes/holocene/main/main.htm).
See title for photo information.
The early Pleistocene Bolshaya Ipelka volcano has been extensively eroded by glaciers and has a single unnamed Holocene scoria cone on the southern flank. The conical stratovolcano to the E (right) is Opala, which was constructed along the northern rim of a large 12 x 14 km wide caldera.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS004-E-11691, 2002 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Kachatka
Country: USSR
Year: 1990
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Kachatka

Title: Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy (in Russian)
Publisher: P O Dalazyerogeodezya for Soviet Army ?
Country: Kamchatka
Year: 1990
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy (in Russian)

Title: USSR (Kamchatka S & Kuriles)
Publisher: DMA
Country: Kuril-I
Year: 1988
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of USSR (Kamchatka S & Kuriles)

Title: USSR (Kamchatka S)
Publisher: DMA
Country: USSR
Year: 1987
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of USSR (Kamchatka S)

Title: Kamchatsky Peninsula Topo Map
Country: USSR
Year: 1986
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Kamchatsky Peninsula Topo Map

Title: Severo-Kurilsk
Country: USSR
Year: 1965
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Severo-Kurilsk

Title: Petropavlosk-Kamchatskiy
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: USSR
Year: 1959
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Petropavlosk-Kamchatskiy

Title: Ozernouski
Publisher: Soviet Ministry
Country: USSR
Year: 1953
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of Ozernouski

Title: Sopka Opala
Publisher: Soviet Ministry
Country: USSR
Year: 1953
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of Sopka Opala

Title: Shimushu-To
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Kuril-I
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Shimushu-To
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 116556-63 Rhyolite -- --
External Sites