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Garibaldi

Photo of this volcano
  • Canada
  • Canada and Western USA
  • Stratovolcano
  • 8060 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 49.85°N
  • 123°W

  • 2678 m
    8786 ft

  • 320200
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Garibaldi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Garibaldi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Garibaldi.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
8060 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SE flank (Opal Cone)
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Garibaldi.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Garibaldi.

Photo Gallery

Mount Garibaldi, rising above Garibaldi Lake to the north, is a largely Pleistocene stratovolcano with a summit lava dome complex. The volcano was partially constructed over the Cordilleran ice sheet and contains many ice-contact features. Its final eruptions during the early Holocene included lava flows that mantled the western landside scarp and a massive lava flow from Opal Cone, a SE flank vent, that traveled 20 km to the south and west.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1983 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The Pleistocene Mount Garibaldi was partially constructed over the Cordilleran ice sheet. Its western face, seen from near Alice Lake, exposes the interior structure of the volcano and resulted from repeated landslides from the steep slope remaining from when the continental ice sheet retreated. The summit peak to the right is Atwell Peak and the rounded peak to the left is Dalton Dome, the source of some of Garibaldi's most recent eruptions.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1976 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Mount Garibaldi rises above Howe Sound, 80 km N of Vancouver. The steep-sided peak on the right is the Squamish Chief, a glacially eroded peak of the Coast Range batholith. Garibaldi was constructed during the Pleistocene, partially overriding the Cordilleran ice sheet. Retreat of the ice sheet left the western side of the volcano unsupported, causing many landslides into the Cheakamus River valley.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1976 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The Table, the flat-topped ridge in the foreground in front of Mount Garibaldi, is the southernmost vent of the Garibaldi Lake volcanic field. This is a tuya that formed when lava flows filled a pit melted through the continental ice sheet. A series of stacked horizontal lava flows filling the pit formed The Table.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1983 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Mount Garibaldi is to the left in the background. In the foreground are glacially eroded granitic rocks of the Coast Range Batholith that extend south to the Mount Seymour area in the foreground, immediately north of the city of Vancouver.

Photo by Lee Siebert (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Eocene to Holocene Volc/ Related Rocks, Cascades
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1989
Series: OFR
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Eocene to Holocene Volc/ Related Rocks, Cascades

Title: Canada, United States
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: United States
Year: 1988
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Canada, United States

Title: Canada, United States
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Canada, US- AK WA
Year: 1987
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Canada, United States

Title: Vancouver
Publisher: Canada Map Office Dept. EMR
Country: Canada
Year: 1986
Series: A 502
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Vancouver

Title: British Columbia's Coast: The Canadian Inside Passage
Publisher: Alaska Geographic Society
Country: Canada
Year: 1986
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of British Columbia's Coast: The Canadian Inside Passage

Title: W US /Map of Dist, Comp, Age-Late CZ Volc Centers
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1984
Series: MI
Map Type: Geology (Volcano)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of W US /Map of Dist, Comp, Age-Late CZ Volc Centers

Title: Dist, Thickness, Mass of Tephra from Volcanoes
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1983
Series: MFS
Map Type: Geology (Volcanic Hazard)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Dist, Thickness, Mass of Tephra from Volcanoes

Title: Distribution, Comp, & Age of L Cen Volcan, Cascade Range, NW US
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1983
Series: MI
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Distribution, Comp, & Age of L Cen Volcan, Cascade Range, NW US

Title: Jet Navigation Chart AK/ Canada
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: United States, Canada
Year: 1983
Series: JNC
Map Type: Navigation
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Jet Navigation Chart AK/ Canada

Title: Map SHowing Distribution, Composition, and Age of Late Cenozoic Volcanic Centers in Oregon and Washington
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1982
Series: Misc Investigations
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Map SHowing Distribution, Composition, and Age of Late Cenozoic Volcanic Centers in Oregon and Washington

Title: British Columbia Geol Highway Map (1)
Publisher: Ministry of Energy, Mines & Petroleum Resources
Country: Canada
Year: 1981
Series: BC Geol Maps
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,250
Map of British Columbia Geol Highway Map (1)

Title: Geothermal Energy Resources of the Western United States
Publisher: ERDA and USGS
Country: United States
Year: 1977
Map Type: Cultural (Geothermal Resources)
Scale: 1:1,250,000
Map of Geothermal Energy Resources of the Western United States

Title: Geol Map of WA
Publisher: WA Dept of Conservation, Division Mines & Geol
Country: United States
Year: 1961
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Geol Map of WA
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 2 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 116136-1 Alkalic Basalt -- --
NMNH 116136-2 Hypersthene Andesite -- --
External Sites