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Tecuamburro

Photo of this volcano
  • Guatemala
  • México and Central America
  • Stratovolcano
  • 960 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.156°N
  • 90.407°W

  • 1845 m
    6053 ft

  • 342120
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Tecuamburro.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Tecuamburro.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Tecuamburro.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0960 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) NW flank (Ixpaco Crater)
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Tecuamburro.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Tecuamburro.

Photo Gallery

Tecuamburro, seen here from the north, is a small lava dome complex of mostly Pleistocene age. The smoother left flank consists of younger lava domes that were constructed during the late Pleistocene or early Holocene within a horseshoe-shaped, east-facing scarp. The scar resulted from structural failure of the older Miraflores edifice (right).

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
Tecuamburro, seen here from the SE on the Pacific coastal plain, is a small lava-dome complex of mostly Pleistocene age. Tecuamburro and other lava domes forming the right-hand peaks were constructed during the late Pleistocene or early Holocene within a horseshoe-shaped, east-facing crater. The crater resulted from structural failure of the older Miraflores stratovolcano on the left.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
The low ridge on the left-hand horizon is the southern rim of a large horseshoe-shaped crater left by collapse of Miraflores, an ancestral edifice of the Tecuamburro volcanic complex. Miraflores formed about 100,000 years ago and collapsed sometime prior to 38,000 years ago. The vegetated peak to the right is part of the Tecuamburro lava dome complex, which formed within the scarp.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
The summit lava dome complex of Tecuamburro is seen here from the NE along the road from Cuilapa. Four adjacent NW-SE-trending lava domes, the SE-most (left-center) of which is Tecuamburro proper, were erupted within a large horseshoe-shaped scar left by collapse of an ancestral edifice. These domes erupted less than 38,000 years ago. The Tecuamburro complex was constructed within a 20-km-wide graben whose northern margin terminates against the major regional Jalpatagua fault.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
Ixpaco crater is a 1-km-wide maar on the NW flank of Tecuamburro that formed during an explosive eruption about 2,900 years ago. An acidic lake fills the maar, and fumaroles, acid-sulfate hot springs, and mud pools occur around the lake. Colloidal sulfur turns the lake a milky green color. This view is from the north with the forested lava domes of Cerro Miraflores (left) and Cerro Pena Blanca (right) in the background.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
The deeply eroded Plio-Pleistocene stratovolcano at the upper right is Pueblo Nuevo Viñas (also known as Cerro la Gabia). Four scoria cones are located on the NE flank, and lava flows from the volcano cover the western portion of the Cuilapa quadrangle. This view is from the NW at the summit of Pacaya volcano with Tecuamburro volcano on the center horizon. Flank activity from Tecuamburro has occurred as recently as about 3,000 years ago.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
Four large Pleistocene volcanic complexes are visible in this Landsat image of southern Guatemala, with the Pacific coastal plain at the bottom. Minor activity at Tecuamburro volcano continued into the Holocene at Laguna Ixpaco, the small circular white dot a little more than half-way between the Tecuamburro and Piedra Grande labels. The Río los Esclavos extends from the upper right, cutting between Tecuamburro and Ixhuatán volcanoes.

NASA Landsat image, 2000 (courtesy of Loren Siebert, University of Akron).
The Tecuamburro volcanic complex has a diverse history. Collapse of the ancestral Pleistocene Miraflores edifice underwent collapse, producing an avalanche deposit that traveled across the Río los Esclavos (right) and forming a large horseshoe-shaped crater open to the east. The modern Tecuamburro complex, consisting of four lava domes, was constructed within this scarp. The Laguna Ixpaco crater was created about 2,900 years ago within the much larger Pleistocene Chupadero crater.

NASA Landsat image, 2000 (courtesy of Loren Siebert, University of Akron).
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Carta Geolica de la Republica Mexicana
Publisher: Recursos Minerales and Institute de Gelogia
Country: Mexico
Year: 1992
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Carta Geolica de la Republica Mexicana

Title: Paso el Jobo
Publisher: IGN
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1986
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Paso el Jobo

Title: Carta Gravimetrica 1984 - 1985 Anomalias Bouguer Simple
Publisher: Instituto Geografico Nacional "Ingeniero Pablo Guzman"
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1986
Map Type: Geophysical (Gravity)
Scale: 1:300,000
Map of Carta Gravimetrica 1984 - 1985 Anomalias Bouguer Simple

Title: Bath of Gulf of Mexico & Caribbean Sea
Publisher: AAPG, Williams & Heintz Map Corp.
Country: US/ C.Am/ S.Am
Year: 1984
Map Type: Bathymetric
Scale: 1:3,289
Map of Bath of Gulf of Mexico & Caribbean Sea

Title: Mapa Oficial de La Republica de El Salvador
Publisher: Instituto Geografico Nacional "Ingeniero Pablo Guzman"
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1984
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of Mapa Oficial de La Republica de El Salvador

Title: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: NW C Am (GU ES HO)
Year: 1982
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico

Title: Santa Ana
Publisher: BGR, West Germany
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1978
Series: El Salvador Geology
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Santa Ana

Title: Santa Ana
Publisher: IGN
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1974
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Santa Ana
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Tecuamburro in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites