The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Brennisteinsfjöll.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Brennisteinsfjöll.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Brennisteinsfjöll.
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Heidin Ha||Shield volcano||626 m||63° 58' 0" N||21° 38' 0" W|
|Herdisarvikurhraun||Shield volcano||63° 55' 0" N||21° 50' 0" W|
|Leitin||Shield volcano||430 m||64° 1' 0" N||21° 32' 0" W|
|Rjupnadyngjur||Shield volcano||64° 2' 0" N||21° 48' 0" W|
|Strompar||Shield volcano||550 m||63° 59' 0" N||21° 40' 0" W|
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Brunagigir||Crater Row||64° 0' 0" N||21° 42' 0" W|
|Eldborg a Brennisteinsfjollum||Crater Row||520 m||63° 55' 0" N||21° 50' 0" W|
|Eldborg Nyrdri at Lambafell||Crater Row||440 m||64° 1' 0" N||21° 30' 0" W|
|Eldborg Sydri at Lambafell||Crater Row||64° 1' 0" N||21° 31' 0" W|
|Eldborg-Drottningu||Crater Row||440 m||64° 0' 0" N||21° 38' 0" W|
|Eyra||Fissure vent||64° 0' 0" N||21° 40' 0" W|
|Gigir at Storkonugja||Crater Row||63° 58' 0" N||21° 44' 0" W|
|Grafeldur||Crater Row||63° 57' 0" N||21° 46' 0" W|
|Helgadalshraun||Crater Row||64° 0' 0" N||21° 40' 0" W|
|Holmshraun||Crater Row||64° 3' 0" N||21° 41' 0" W|
|Kalfadalshraun||Crater Row||200 m||63° 53' 0" N||21° 57' 0" W|
|Kista||Crater Row||63° 56' 0" N||21° 48' 0" W|
|Kistufell||Fissure vent||600 m||63° 57' 0" N||21° 48' 0" W|
|Kongsfell||Crater Row||500 m||64° 0' 0" N||21° 40' 0" W|
|Litla Eldborg undir Geitlahlid||Crater Row||80 m||63° 51' 0" N||21° 59' 0" W|
|Rauduhnukagigir||Crater Row||340 m||64° 1' 0" N||21° 38' 0" W|
|Slattudalshraun||Crater Row||63° 52' 0" N||21° 59' 0" W|
|Stora Eldborg undir Geitlahlid||Crater Row||140 m||63° 51' 0" N||22° 0' 0" W|
|Stori Bolli||Crater Row||560 m||63° 59' 0" N||21° 45' 0" W|
|Svartihryggur||Crater Row||63° 58' 0" N||21° 41' 0" W|
|Thrihnukar||Fissure vent||540 m||64° 0' 0" N||21° 41' 0" W|
|Tvibollar||Crater Row||63° 59' 0" N||21° 45' 0" W|
|Vilfilfellshraun||Crater Row||340 m||64° 1' 0" N||21° 37' 0" W|
|Vordufellsborgir||Fissure vent||63° 54' 0" N||21° 52' 0" W|
There is data available for 9 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.
1341 ± 1 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2
|Episode 1 | Eruption Episode||Grafeldur (Selvogshraun)|
|1341 ± 1 years - Unknown||Evidence from Observations: Reported|
List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Grafeldur (Selvogshraun)
1200 (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2
|Episode 1 | Eruption Episode||Kongsfell|
|1200 (?) - Unknown||Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology|
List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Kongsfell
1000 Jun 25 ± 4 days Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 0
|Episode 1 | Eruption Episode||Eldborg at Lambafell|
|1000 Jun 25 ± 4 days - Unknown||Evidence from Observations: Reported|
List of 2 Events for Episode 1 at Eldborg at Lambafell
0950 (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2
|Episode 1 | Eruption Episode||Rjupnadyngjur|
|0950 (?) - Unknown||Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)|
List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Rjupnadyngjur
0910 ± 75 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2
|Episode 1 | Eruption Episode||Kista (Breiddalshraun)|
|0910 ± 75 years - Unknown||Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)|
List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Kista (Breiddalshraun)
0875 ± 50 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2
|Episode 1 | Eruption Episode||Tvibollar|
|0875 ± 50 years - Unknown||Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)|
List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Tvibollar
1040 BCE ± 75 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2
|Episode 1 | Eruption Episode||Eldborg at Brennisteinsfjöllum|
|1040 BCE ± 75 years - Unknown||Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)|
List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Eldborg at Brennisteinsfjöllum
2660 BCE ± 75 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 0
|Episode 1 | Eruption Episode||Leitin|
|2660 BCE ± 75 years - Unknown||Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)|
List of 2 Events for Episode 1 at Leitin
9000 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 0
|Episode 1 | Eruption Episode||Heidin Há|
|9000 BCE (?) - Unknown||Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology|
List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Heidin Há
There is no Deformation History data available for Brennisteinsfjöll.
There is no Emissions History data available for Brennisteinsfjöll.
The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.
There are no samples for Brennisteinsfjöll in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.
|Catalogue of Icelandic Volcanoes (Link to Brennisteinsfjöll)||The Catalogue of Icelandic Volcanoes is an interactive, web-based tool, containing information on volcanic systems that belong to the active volcanic zones of Iceland. It is a collaboration of the Icelandic Meteorological Office (the state volcano observatory), the Institute of Earth Sciences at the University of Iceland, and the Civil Protection Department of the National Commissioner of the Iceland Police, with contributions from a large number of specialists in Iceland and elsewhere. This official publication is intended to serve as an accurate and up-to-date source of information about active volcanoes in Iceland and their characteristics. The Catalogue forms a part of an integrated volcanic risk assessment project in Iceland GOSVÁ (commenced in 2012), as well as being part of the effort of FUTUREVOLC (2012-2016) on establishing an Icelandic volcano supersite.|
|Copernicus Browser||The Copernicus Browser replaced the Sentinel Hub Playground browser in 2023, to provide access to Earth observation archives from the Copernicus Data Space Ecosystem, the main distribution platform for data from the EU Copernicus missions.|
|MIROVA||Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.|
|MODVOLC Thermal Alerts||Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.|
Single Volcano View
Temporal Evolution of Unrest
Side by Side Volcanoes
WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
GVMID Data on Volcano Monitoring Infrastructure The Global Volcano Monitoring Infrastructure Database GVMID, is aimed at documenting and improving capabilities of volcano monitoring from the ground and space. GVMID should provide a snapshot and baseline view of the techniques and instrumentation that are in place at various volcanoes, which can be use by volcano observatories as reference to setup new monitoring system or improving networks at a specific volcano. These data will allow identification of what monitoring gaps exist, which can be then targeted by remote sensing infrastructure and future instrument deployments.
|Volcanic Hazard Maps||The IAVCEI Commission on Volcanic Hazards and Risk has a Volcanic Hazard Maps database designed to serve as a resource for hazard mappers (or other interested parties) to explore how common issues in hazard map development have been addressed at different volcanoes, in different countries, for different hazards, and for different intended audiences. In addition to the comprehensive, searchable Volcanic Hazard Maps Database, this website contains information about diversity of volcanic hazard maps, illustrated using examples from the database. This site is for educational purposes related to volcanic hazard maps. Hazard maps found on this website should not be used for emergency purposes. For the most recent, official hazard map for a particular volcano, please seek out the proper institutional authorities on the matter.|
|IRIS seismic stations/networks||Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS) Data Services map showing the location of seismic stations from all available networks (permanent or temporary) within a radius of 0.18° (about 20 km at mid-latitudes) from the given location of Brennisteinsfjöll. Users can customize a variety of filters and options in the left panel. Note that if there are no stations are known the map will default to show the entire world with a "No data matched request" error notice.|
|UNAVCO GPS/GNSS stations||Geodetic Data Services map from UNAVCO showing the location of GPS/GNSS stations from all available networks (permanent or temporary) within a radius of 20 km from the given location of Brennisteinsfjöll. Users can customize the data search based on station or network names, location, and time window. Requires Adobe Flash Player.|
|DECADE Data||The DECADE portal, still in the developmental stage, serves as an example of the proposed interoperability between The Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program, the Mapping Gas Emissions (MaGa) Database, and the EarthChem Geochemical Portal. The Deep Earth Carbon Degassing (DECADE) initiative seeks to use new and established technologies to determine accurate global fluxes of volcanic CO2 to the atmosphere, but installing CO2 monitoring networks on 20 of the world's 150 most actively degassing volcanoes. The group uses related laboratory-based studies (direct gas sampling and analysis, melt inclusions) to provide new data for direct degassing of deep earth carbon to the atmosphere.|
|Large Eruptions of Brennisteinsfjöll||Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).|
|EarthChem||EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).|