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Brennisteinsfjöll

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  •  
  • 63.933°N
  • 21.783°W

  • 610 m
    2001 ft

  • 371040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Brennisteinsfjöll.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Brennisteinsfjöll.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Brennisteinsfjöll.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 9 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.

1341 ± 1 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Grafeldur (Selvogshraun)
1341 ± 1 years - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Grafeldur (Selvogshraun)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Cinder Cone
1341 ± 1 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

1200 (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Kongsfell
1200 (?) - Unknown Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Kongsfell

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Cinder Cone
1200 (?)    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

1000 Jun 25 ± 4 days Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 0

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Eldborg at Lambafell
1000 Jun 25 ± 4 days - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 2 Events for Episode 1 at Eldborg at Lambafell

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
1000 Jun 25 ± 4 days    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

0950 (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Rjupnadyngjur
0950 (?) - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Rjupnadyngjur

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Tephra
0950 (?)    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

0910 ± 75 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Kista (Breiddalshraun)
0910 ± 75 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Kista (Breiddalshraun)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Cinder Cone
0910 ± 75 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

0875 ± 50 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Tvibollar
0875 ± 50 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Tvibollar

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Cinder Cone
0875 ± 50 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

1040 BCE ± 75 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Eldborg at Brennisteinsfjöllum
1040 BCE ± 75 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Eldborg at Brennisteinsfjöllum

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Cinder Cone
1040 BCE ± 75 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

2660 BCE ± 75 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 0

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Leitin
2660 BCE ± 75 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)

List of 2 Events for Episode 1 at Leitin

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
2660 BCE ± 75 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

9000 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 0

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Heidin Há
9000 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Heidin Há

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Lava fountains
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Lava lake
9000 BCE (?)    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Brennisteinsfjöll.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Brennisteinsfjöll.

GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Selvogur Vestmannaeyjar
Publisher: Icelandic Hydrographic Service (Sjomaellingar)
Country: Iceland
Year: 1988
Series: S Coast Maps
Map Type: Bathymetric
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Selvogur Vestmannaeyjar

Title: Geomorphology of Iceland
Publisher: University of Goteborg, Dept Phys Geog
Country: Iceland
Year: 1984
Map Type: Geology (Geomorphology)
Scale: 1:1,750
Map of Geomorphology of Iceland

Title: Geographical Names of Iceland
Publisher: University of Goteborg, Dept Phys Geog
Country: Iceland
Year: 1984
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:1,750
Map of Geographical Names of Iceland
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Brennisteinsfjöll in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites