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What was erupting in the year...?

There were 83 confirmed eruptions at some point during 2005 from 75 different volcanoes; 47 of those were new eruptions that started during the year. A stop date with "(continuing)" indicates that the eruption was considered to be ongoing as of the date indicated. Data is reported through the last data update (27 September 2018). Information about more recent eruptions can be found in the Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report.

Volcano Country Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI
Soputan Indonesia 2005 Dec 26 2006 Jan 24 (?) 1
Ambang Indonesia 2005 Dec 22 Unknown 1
Etna Italy 2005 Dec 16 2005 Dec 22 1
Augustine United States 2005 Dec 9 (?) 2006 Apr 27 (?) 3
Bezymianny Russia 2005 Nov 29 (?) 2005 Dec 1 (in or after) 2
Ambae Vanuatu 2005 Nov 27 2006 Feb 16 ± 15 days 2
Karthala Comoros 2005 Nov 24 2005 Dec 8 3
Galeras Colombia 2005 Nov 24 2006 Jul 12 2
San Cristobal Nicaragua 2005 Nov 13 2006 May 27 2
Lopevi Vanuatu 2005 Oct 27 (?) 2006 Aug 1 (?) 2
Sierra Negra Ecuador 2005 Oct 22 2005 Oct 30 3
Krummel-Garbuna-Welcker Papua New Guinea 2005 Oct 16 2005 Nov 17 (in or after) 2
Piton de la Fournaise France 2005 Oct 4 2006 Jan 18 0
Saunders United Kingdom 2005 Oct 2 (?) 2006 Jan 20 (?) 0
Dabbahu Ethiopia 2005 Sep 26 2005 Sep 29 3
Veniaminof United States 2005 Sep 7 2005 Nov 4 (?) 1
Mayon Philippines 2005 Aug 17 (in or before) Unknown 0
Northern EPR at 9.8°N Undersea Features 2005 Aug 16 (?) ± 15 days 2006 Jan 16 (?) ± 15 days 0
Concepcion Nicaragua 2005 Jul 28 2005 Nov 10 2
McDonald Islands Australia 2005 Jul 12 (in or before) Unknown 0
Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba Japan 2005 Jul 2 2005 Jul 21 (?) 1
Santa Ana El Salvador 2005 Jun 16 2005 Oct 1 (?) 3
Barren Island India 2005 May 26 2007 Dec 23 (?) 2
Fernandina Ecuador 2005 May 13 2005 May 29 (?) 2
Lascar Chile 2005 May 4 2005 May 4 3
Soputan Indonesia 2005 Apr 19 2005 Jul 18 (?) 2
Langila Papua New Guinea 2005 Apr 19 (?) 2006 Mar 31 (?) 2
Karthala Comoros 2005 Apr 16 2005 Apr 18 2
Soufriere Hills United Kingdom 2005 Apr 15 2013 Feb 5 3
Asosan Japan 2005 Apr 14 2005 Aug 16 ± 15 days 1
Miyakejima Japan 2005 Apr 12 2005 May 18 1
Talang Indonesia 2005 Apr 12 (?) 2005 Jul 18 (?) 2
Ulawun Papua New Guinea 2005 Mar 27 (?) 2005 Aug 9 (?) 2
Cleveland United States 2005 Mar 13 (?) 2005 Nov 27 ± 1 days 2
Chikurachki Russia 2005 Mar 12 2005 Apr 7 1
Masaya Nicaragua 2005 Mar 4 (?) 2005 Mar 30 (?) 1
Monowai New Zealand 2005 Mar 2 2006 Jun 27 0
Korovin United States 2005 Feb 23 2005 May 5 ± 4 days 1
Piton de la Fournaise France 2005 Feb 17 2005 Feb 26 0
Egon Indonesia 2005 Feb 6 2005 Feb 27 1
Lopevi Vanuatu 2005 Jan 30 2005 Mar 31 (?) 2
Ebeko Russia 2005 Jan 29 2005 Feb 16 2
Kanlaon Philippines 2005 Jan 25 2005 May 25 2
Rabaul Papua New Guinea 2005 Jan 25 2006 Feb 17 2
Klyuchevskoy Russia 2005 Jan 20 (in or before) 2005 Apr 7 2
Popocatepetl Mexico 2005 Jan 9 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Veniaminof United States 2005 Jan 4 2005 Feb 14 ± 3 days 2
Reventador Ecuador 2004 Nov 7 ± 3 days 2006 Mar 16 ± 15 days 2
Telica Nicaragua 2004 Nov 5 2005 Jan 29 1
Manam Papua New Guinea 2004 Oct 24 2009 Dec 12 (?) 4
Suwanosejima Japan 2004 Oct 23 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
St. Helens United States 2004 Oct 1 2008 Jan 27 ± 10 days 2
Etna Italy 2004 Sep 7 2005 Mar 8 1
Villarrica Chile 2004 Aug 5 (?) 2007 Dec 24 (?) 1
Pacaya Guatemala 2004 Jul 19 (?) 2005 Sep 11 3
Galeras Colombia 2004 Jul 16 2005 Feb 7 (?) 3
Ibu Indonesia 2004 May 16 (?) ± 15 days 2005 Feb 22 (?) 0
Anatahan United States 2004 Apr 12 (in or before) 2005 Sep 3 (?) 3
Karangetang Indonesia 2004 Apr 2 (?) 2005 Aug 5 (?) 2
Tofua Tonga 2004 Mar 19 2014 Oct 18 1
Bezymianny Russia 2004 Jan 14 2005 Feb 16 (?) ± 15 days 3
NW Rota-1 United States 2003 Jul 2 (?) ± 182 days 2010 Mar 16 (in or after) ± 15 days 0
Nyiragongo DR Congo 2002 May 17 (?) 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Fuego Guatemala 2002 Jan 4 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 3
Karymsky Russia 2001 Nov 15 2016 Apr 1 3
Montagu Island United Kingdom 2001 Oct 1 ± 20 days 2007 Sep 20 1
Bagana Papua New Guinea 2000 Feb 28 (in or before) 2018 Sep 21 (continuing) 2
Tungurahua Ecuador 1999 Oct 5 2009 Jul 8 ± 7 days 3
Sheveluch Russia 1999 Aug 15 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 4
Colima Mexico 1997 Nov 22 2011 Jun 21 3
Ambrym Vanuatu 1996 Jun 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2005 Aug 16 (in or after) ± 15 days 1
Ol Doinyo Lengai Tanzania 1994 Sep 18 2006 Jul 16 (?) ± 15 days 1
Kilauea United States 1983 Jan 3 2018 Sep 15 3
Erebus Antarctica 1972 Dec 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2018 Sep 25 (continuing) 2
Arenal Costa Rica 1968 Jul 29 2010 Dec 16 (?) ± 15 days 3
Semeru Indonesia 1967 Aug 31 2009 Mar 15 3
Erta Ale Ethiopia 1967 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 0
Aira Japan 1955 Oct 13 2016 Aug 22 3
Sangay Ecuador 1934 Aug 8 2011 Mar 2 3
Stromboli Italy 1934 Feb 2 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Dukono Indonesia 1933 Aug 13 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 3
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 3
Yasur Vanuatu 1774 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 3

List of Questions

What volcanoes have had the longest eruptions?

How many active volcanoes are there?

Has volcanic activity been increasing?

What was erupting in the year...?

What is a volcano?

What is the world's highest volcano?

How do scientists forecast eruptions?

What volcanoes are the most noteworthy?

Why doesn't GVP post alert levels?

What Holocene volcanoes are in areas with a UNESCO classification?


Global Volcanism Program, 2013. Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.7.4. Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 18 Dec 2018. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013