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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-01996

The forested islands in Shimabara harbor in the foreground were created by a massive landslide in 1792 from Mayuyama, the left-most of the two forested lava domes behind the city. The high-velocity avalanche traveled 6.5 km from Mayuama and swept several kilometers out to sea. Impact of the debris into the ocean produced a devastating tsunami that swept 77 km of the shore of Shimabara Peninsula and caused nearly 15,000 fatalities. The light-colored area behind Mayuyama are pyroclastic flow deposits from the 1990-95 eruption. Photo courtesy Takashi Yamada, 1994 (Public Works Research Institute, Ministry of Construction).

The forested islands in Shimabara harbor in the foreground were created by a massive landslide in 1792 from Mayuyama, the left-most of the two forested lava domes behind the city. The high-velocity avalanche traveled 6.5 km from Mayuama and swept several kilometers out to sea. Impact of the debris into the ocean produced a devastating tsunami that swept 77 km of the shore of Shimabara Peninsula and caused nearly 15,000 fatalities. The light-colored area behind Mayuyama are pyroclastic flow deposits from the 1990-95 eruption.

Photo courtesy Takashi Yamada, 1994 (Public Works Research Institute, Ministry of Construction).

Keywords: lava dome | eruption | ash deposits | gas | degassing | deposits | block-and-ash flow | pyroclastic density current | debris avalanche deposits


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