Activity for the week of 15 November-21 November 2000
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.
| 19.514°N, 103.62°W
| Elevation 3850 m
The Volcanological Observatory of Colima University reported that during the week seismicity was at an average level and deformation was low. A small seismic swarm occurred during 0237-0640 on 16 November.
Source: Centro Universitario de Estudios e Investigaciones de Vulcanologia - Universidad de Colima
| 0.171°S, 78.598°W
| Elevation 4784 m
Volcanic activity at Guagua Pichincha was low during the week and seismicity was relatively stable. No dramatic changes in the morphology of the lava dome were observed, but the IG suspects that slow and continuous dome growth may be occurring.
Source: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG)
| Siau Island (Indonesia)
| 2.781°N, 125.407°E
| Elevation 1797 m
The VSI reported that volcanic activity continued at Karangetang. Low-level ash plumes were emitted from the main crater and crater II. A booming sound was frequently heard from the volcano's summit, and a "red flame" was observed some nights rising ~75 m above the summit. On 11 November a minor explosion produced a dark ash cloud that rose to 600 m above the summit, depositing material around the summit area. The Alert Level remained at 2 (ranging from 1 to 4).
Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)
| Hawaiian Islands (USA)
| 19.421°N, 155.287°W
| Elevation 1222 m
Lava continued to flow across the coastal flat and into the sea near the Kamokuna entry. Surface flows were visible sporadically during the week. At 1408 on 16 November tour pilots observed a large collapse of the bench (land built out from the sea cliff) at Kamokuna that sent ~30 % of the bench into the sea in ~6 seconds. The large explosion that followed the collapse produced a large amount of spatter and a big, billowing, mostly white plume that rose to 600-1,800 m a.s.l. None of the spatter was directed inland. Overall, volcanic tremor at Pu`u `O`o vent remained at a moderate level. Earthquake activity related to volcanism was low across the island, but for several hours on the night of 15 November a giant earthquake (M 8) in New Ireland, Paupau New Guinea caused slow, peak-to-peak oscillations at Kilauea's summit seismometer and set off alarms at two tiltmeters. Otherwise, the tiltmeters at Kilauea's summit crater and along the east rift zone showed flat signals.
Sources: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), US Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program
| Central Java (Indonesia)
| 7.54°S, 110.446°E
| Elevation 2910 m
The VSI reported that during the week small explosions produced ash plumes that rose up to 430 m above Merapi's summit. High rains during 7 to 13 November caused landslides to occur in the upstream portion of Boyong river, Kaliurang. The river is on the S flank of Merapi and extends ~28 km map distance from the summit. The landslides killed one person and more landslides or lahars are expected during the current rainy season. The volcano is at Alert Level 2 (ranging from 1 to 4).
Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)
Piton de la Fournaise
| Reunion Island (France)
| 21.244°S, 55.708°E
| Elevation 2632 m
The OVPDLF reported that high amplitude tremor that occurred for about a week abruptly stopped at 1845 on 13 November, probably marking the end of the eruption. However, due to the recent seismic activity the volcano is being closely observed for signs of future eruptions.
Source: Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (OVPF)
| 19.023°N, 98.622°W
| Elevation 5393 m
Volcanic activity continued at a high rate at Popocatepetl, with several small-to-moderate exhalations. The Mexico City MWO and the Washington VAAC reported that at 0947 on 14 November a small ash-and-steam exhalation produced a cloud that was visible on GOES-8 imagery; it reached an altitude of ~8 km a.s.l. The cloud rapidly dissipated as it moved briefly to the NNE. At 0910 on 17 November a steam-and-possible-ash emission produced a cloud that reached up to 6.5 km a.s.l. and was blown to the NNW. The Popocatepetl camera recorded an ash cloud from a steam-and-ash exhalation that occurred at 0730 on 20 November. The cloud reached ~6 km a.s.l., was blown to the NNW, and deposited light ash in the town of San Pedro Nexapa ~10 km to the NW of the summit. On 21 November three moderate ash-and-steam exhalations sent ash to between 6 and 7 km a.s.l. The volcano's alert level remained at Yellow Phase III.
Sources: Centro Nacional de Prevencion de Desastres (CENAPRED), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| 16.72°N, 62.18°W
| Elevation 915 m
The MVO reported that during 10-17 November, volcanism continued at an elevated level, with the continued growth of the lava dome on the eastern side of the summit region. The level of seismicity was higher than in the previous week, with a marked increase in the number of long-period earthquakes. The lava dome was still dominated by the extrusion of a large lava spine that had an altitude of 1,059 m a.s.l. on 12 November, and 1,077 m a.s.l. by 13 November, which was the greatest height that had been measured throughout the eruption. The spine appeared to be even taller on 17 November, but a direct measurement was not possible. The number of rockfalls and pyroclastic flows increased towards the end of the week. On 15 November a small pyroclastic flow traveled ~1 km to the NW down Tyre's Ghaut. On 17 November pyroclastic-flow deposits were noted in the upper reaches of Tuitt's and White Ghauts on the NE side of the volcano. This represented the first new dome material to have traveled down the notch between the NE and N lobes of the 1995-98 dome. Most rockfall activity occurred across the E face of the dome above Tar River. Ash clouds produced from pyroclastic flows and rockfalls did not exceed 3 km a.s.l and mostly traveled to the W across the exclusion zone. Many of the low-level ash clouds were visible in GOES-8 imagery during the week.
Sources: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| 1.467°S, 78.442°W
| Elevation 5023 m
The IG reported that seismicity and explosive activity were at low levels during the week, but by 20 November there was an increase in seismicity.
Source: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG)
| North Island (New Zealand)
| 37.52°S, 177.18°E
| Elevation 294 m
A slight increase in activity occurred during the week, with steam-and-gas emissions and a loud noise from the active MH vent. By 16 November a small new vent SE of the MH vent was also steaming. The increase in activity was not accompanied by any significant seismic activity. White Island is at Alert Level 1 (ranging from 0 to 5).
Weekly Reports Archive
|Antillanca Volcanic Complex
||Maule, Laguna del
||Huila, Nevado del
||Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai
||Soufriere St. Vincent
||South Sarigan Seamount
||Tair, Jebel at
|Campi Flegrei del Mar di Sicilia
|Chillan, Nevados de
||Kick 'em Jenny
|Dieng Volcanic Complex
||Rincon de la Vieja
|Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group]
||Lengai, Ol Doinyo
||Ruiz, Nevado del
|Fournaise, Piton de la
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Criteria & Disclaimers
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:
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