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Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

You are currently viewing Archived reports for the week of 11 June-17 June 2003.

 Activity for the week of 11 June-17 June 2003

The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.

Name Location Activity
Anatahan Mariana Islands (USA) Ongoing
Chikurachki Paramushir Island (Russia) Ongoing
Dukono Halmahera (Indonesia) Ongoing
Etna Sicily (Italy) Ongoing
Kilauea Hawaiian Islands (USA) Ongoing
Klyuchevskoy Central Kamchatka (Russia) Ongoing
Lewotobi Flores Island (Indonesia) Ongoing
Lopevi Vanuatu Ongoing
Piton de la Fournaise Reunion Island (France) Ongoing
Popocatepetl Mexico Ongoing
Soufriere Hills Montserrat Ongoing
Stromboli Aeolian Islands (Italy) Ongoing
Tungurahua Ecuador Ongoing

Ongoing Activity

Volcano index photo  Anatahan  | Mariana Islands (USA)  | 16.35°N, 145.67°E  | Elevation 790 m

As of 17 June, continuous ash-and-gas emissions persisted at Anatahan. US Geological Survey and CNMI Emergency Management Office personnel observed the volcano on 12 June. They noted that a lava dome or flow was visible on the crater floor and ash was emitted from several areas. No sound emanated from the crater, spines were visible on the crater floor, and one source for the convecting ash cloud was located on the E side of the east crater. In addition, the east crater seemed deeper than during the previous visit on 6 June. During 5-12 June, the seismic record only contained banded-volcanic tremor, but on the evening of 12 June long-period (M ~2) earthquakes began to be recorded. An explosion earthquake occurred on 14 June at 0010. Scientists believe the earthquake was associated with an explosion that removed much of the small lava dome, because the dome was no longer seen during an overflight on the 14th. After the explosion, a series of long-period earthquakes occurred at regular 1- to 2-minute intervals until ~1400. During the report period, ash was visible on satellite imagery rising to a maximum height of ~3 km a.s.l.

Sources: Emergency Management Office of the Commonwealth of the Mariana Islands and United States Geological Survey Volcano Hazards Program, Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)

Volcano index photo  Chikurachki  | Paramushir Island (Russia)  | 50.324°N, 155.461°E  | Elevation 1781 m

The eruption at Chikurachki that began on 18 April continued through 13 June, with ash plumes rising to heights less than 500 m above the volcano. During the report week, ash fell on the Podgorny settlement, ~20 km SSE of the volcano, and narrow plumes were visible on satellite imagery. Chikurachki remained at Concern Color Code Orange.

Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)

Volcano index photo  Dukono  | Halmahera (Indonesia)  | 1.693°N, 127.894°E  | Elevation 1229 m

Ash continued to be emitted from Dukono during 11-17 June, with plumes rising to a maximum height of ~4.5 km a.s.l.

Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)

Volcano index photo  Etna  | Sicily (Italy)  | 37.748°N, 14.999°E  | Elevation 3295 m

The Toulouse VAAC reported that the Etna web video camera showed an ash plume below ~4 km a.s.l. drifting SE on 7 June. According to the Italy's Volcanoes website, in early June intense gas emissions took place from Northeast Crater, often feeding a plume that extended tens of kilometers. At Bocca Nuova crater strong gas emissions and occasional strong explosions occurred, but no fresh volcanic material was ejected beyond the pit. Gas was emitted from two pits in Voragine crater. There was a progressive increase in the number and activity of fumaroles near Southeast Crater's summit and the S flank.

Sources: Italy's Volcanoes, Toulouse Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)

Volcano index photo  Kilauea  | Hawaiian Islands (USA)  | 19.421°N, 155.287°W  | Elevation 1222 m

At Kilauea lava continued to enter the sea mainly at the Highcastle ocean entry during 11-17 June and surface lava flows were visible on the coastal flat and Pulama pali. Seismicity at the summit was at moderate-to-high levels, with many small, low-frequency earthquakes occurring at shallow depths beneath the summit caldera for the past two weeks. Little or no volcanic tremor accompanied the swarm, however. Volcanic tremor at Pu`u `O`o remained at moderate-to-high levels, as is the norm. A quasi-cyclic tilt pattern ended at Kilauea's summit and Pu`u `O`o on the 13th after lasting about a week.

Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)

Volcano index photo  Klyuchevskoy  | Central Kamchatka (Russia)  | 56.056°N, 160.642°E  | Elevation 4754 m

Seismicity was above background levels at Kliuchevskoi during 6-13 June. After some diminishing, the level of continuous spasmodic volcanic tremor returned to the same level as the previous week. Earthquakes continued to be registered at depths around 30 km and at shallower levels. The character of seismicity indicated that weak gas-and-ash explosions possibly occurred. A thermal anomaly and an ash-poor plume were visible on satellite imagery. Kliuchevskoi remained at Concern Color Code Orange.

Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)

Volcano index photo  Lewotobi  | Flores Island (Indonesia)  | 8.542°S, 122.775°E  | Elevation 1703 m

On 30 May at 1650 an ash explosion at Lewotobi Lakilaki, a stratovolcano of Lewotobi, sent an ash column to a height of ~200 m above the summit. Ash fell at the observatory post about 5 km from the crater. As of 1 June, Lewotobi was at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)

Volcano index photo  Lopevi  | Vanuatu  | 16.507°S, 168.346°E  | Elevation 1413 m

The eruption that began at Lopevi on 9 June continued through at least 14 June. An airport in Vanuatu reported to the Wellington VAAC that a thick plume rose to ~7.5 km a.s.l. on 11 June. The plume drifted SE and was ~9 km in diameter. They reported that on 13 June a ~9-km-diameter plume rose to ~2.5 km a.s.l. Also, on 14 June an ash cloud was at a height of ~2.5 km a.s.l. and a thin lava flow was visible on the volcano's W flank. A news article stated that the eruption of Lopevi was causing acid rain to fall on island villages in Vanuatu that are close to the volcano. Local disaster management personnel warned residents of the islands of Paama, Epi, and villages in SE Ambryn to secure their rain-based water supplies.

Sources: Wellington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC), ABC News - Australian Broadcasting Corporation

Volcano index photo  Piton de la Fournaise  | Reunion Island (France)  | 21.244°S, 55.708°E  | Elevation 2632 m

The second phase of an eruption that began on 30 May in the Dolomieu crater of Piton de la Fournaise ended on 6 June. Numerous seismic events were recorded during the following days until the morning of 12 June. On 13 June at 0308 eruption tremor again began within Dolomieu crater, marking the beginning of the third phase of the eruption. Eruptive activity resumed in the same area as the previous two phases. By 15 June no tremor was recorded, possibly marking the end of the third phase.

Source: Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (OVPF)

Volcano index photo  Popocatepetl  | Mexico  | 19.023°N, 98.622°W  | Elevation 5393 m

CENAPRED reported that a small eruption at Popocatépetl on 10 June at 1744 produced a W-drifting ash column to a height of ~3 km above the volcano. In addition, episodes of low-amplitude harmonic tremor were recorded for a total of 2 hours. According to the Washington VAAC, the volcano returned to just gas venting after the eruption. Based on information from the México City MWO, the Washington VAAC also reported that a small emission occurred on 15 June at 1401. Aviators reported that the cloud from this eruption rose to ~2 km above the volcano and drifted N.

Sources: Centro Nacional de Prevencion de Desastres (CENAPRED), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)

Volcano index photo  Soufriere Hills  | Montserrat  | 16.72°N, 62.18°W  | Elevation 915 m

Volcanic activity at Soufrière Hills decreased to low levels during 6-13 June, with sporadic rockfalls and pyroclastic flows traveling down the volcano's E and NE flanks to the Tar River Valley, and White's and Tuitt's ghauts. Several energetic pyroclastic flows occurred in the Tar River Valley in the early hours of 11 June and again on the morning of 13 June.

Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)

Volcano index photo  Stromboli  | Aeolian Islands (Italy)  | 38.789°N, 15.213°E  | Elevation 924 m

INGV-CT reported that the effusive eruption that began at Stromboli on 15 February on the upper eastern corner of the Sciara del Fuoco (a horseshoe-shaped scarp) continued until at least 16 June, with a general decrease in lava-effusion rate. During 1-6 June, there was Strombolian activity at Crater 1 (the NE crater). Most ejecta fell within the crater and pulsating dark ash was emitted. On 11 June lava flows were occasionally emitted from hornitos at 600-m elevation. Discontinuous ash emission occurred from the summit crater until mid-June. On 15 June a SAR fixed camera recorded a Strombolian explosion, with abundant ash emissions.

Source: Sezione di Catania - Osservatorio Etneo (INGV)

Volcano index photo  Tungurahua  | Ecuador  | 1.467°S, 78.442°W  | Elevation 5023 m

Relatively high volcanic activity continued at Tungurahua during 10-17 June. Several explosions took place, with the highest rising ash plume reaching ~5 km above Tungurahua. Some explosions were heard in towns near the volcano and on 10 June vibrations from an explosion were felt in the town of Baños. Significant amounts of ash fell in several villages, including Quero and Pelileo. Strombolian activity during the evening of 15 June consisted of incandescent blocks that were hurled to ~150 m above the crater and rolled ~1 km down Tungurahua's N flank. Ash fell in the sector of Cusúa. During the report week, ash clouds were visible on satellite imagery.

Sources: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)

Weekly Reports Archive

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Chachadake [Tiatia] Karkar Okmok Tambora
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Chikurachki Kasatochi Osorno Tangkoko-Duasudara
Chiles-Cerro Negro Katla Pacaya Tangkuban Parahu
Chillan, Nevados de Kavachi Pagan Tara, Batu
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Chirpoi Kelut Paluweh Tenerife
Cleveland Kerinci Panarea Tengger Caldera
Colima Ketoi Papandayan Three Sisters
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Concepcion Kick 'em Jenny Pavlof Tofua
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Cuicocha Kirishimayama Planchon-Peteroa Toliman
Cumbal Kizimen Poas Tongariro
Dabbahu Klyuchevskoy Popocatepetl Tungurahua
Dempo Kolokol Group Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Turrialba
Descabezado Grande Korovin Rabaul Ubinas
Dieng Volcanic Complex Koryaksky Raikoke Ulawun
Dukono Krakatau Ranakah Unknown Source
Ebeko Krummel-Garbuna-Welcker Raoul Island Unnamed
Ebulobo Kuchinoerabujima Rasshua Unnamed
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Ekarma Kusatsu-Shiranesan Redoubt Villarrica
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Erebus Lamington Reykjanes White Island
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Etna Langila Rinjani Wolf
Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group] Lanin Ritter Island Yasur
Eyjafjallajokull Lascar Rotorua Zaozan [Zaosan]
Fernandina Lateiki Ruang Zavodovski
Fogo Lengai, Ol Doinyo Ruapehu Zhupanovsky
Fonualei Leroboleng Ruiz, Nevado del Zubair Group
Fournaise, Piton de la Lewotobi Sabancaya
Fourpeaked Lewotolo Sakar
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 News Feeds and Google Placemarks

The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website.

The CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management. They are similar in content to the RSS feed, but contain no active links.

A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.

 Criteria & Disclaimers


The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:

- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.

Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.

It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.


1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.

2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.

3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.

4. Many news agencies do not archive the articles they post on the Internet, and therefore the links to some sources may not be active. To obtain information about the cited articles that are no longer available on the Internet contact the source.

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Information presented on this website is considered public information and may be distributed or copied. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credit is requested. We strongly recommend that USGS data be acquired directly from a USGS server and not through other sources that may change the data in some way. While USGS makes every effort to provide accurate and complete information, various data such as names, telephone numbers, etc. may change prior to updating. USGS welcomes suggestions on how to improve our home page and correct errors. USGS provides no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of furnished data.

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RSS and CAP Feeds

An RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report first made available on 5 March 2008 can be utilized with the aid of various free downloadable readers. The report content of the news feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. On 12 March 2009, GeoRSS tags were added so that the latitude and longitude for each volcano could be included with the feed.

At the end of each individual report is a list of the sources used. We would like to emphasize that the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) website (http://www.wovo.org/) lists the regional volcano observatories that have the most authoritative data for many of these events.

CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management.

Google Earth Placemarks

A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report was first made available on 1 April 2009. This file can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.

 Acronyms and Abbreviations

a.s.l. - above sea level

AVO - Alaska Volcano Observatory

AVHRR - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

CENAPRED - Centro Nacionale de Prevencion de Desastres (México)

CONRED - Coordinadora Nacional para la Reducción de Desastres

COSPEC - Correlation Spectrometer

CVGHM (formerly VSI) - Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

CVO - Cascades Volcano Observatory (USGS)

GMS - Geostationary Meteorological Satellite

GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GVO - Goma Volcano Observatory

GVP - Global Volcanism Program (Smithsonian Institution)

HVO - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (USGS)

ICE - Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (Costa Rica)

IG - Instituto Geofísico (Ecuador)

IGNS - Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (New Zealand) - now GNS Science

INETER - Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (Nicaragua)

INGEMMET - Instituto Geológical Minero y Metalúrgico (Peru)

INGEOMINAS - Instituto Colombiano de Geología y Minería (Colombia)

INGV-CT - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Sezione di Catania (Italy)

INSIVUMEH - Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia e Hidrologia (Guatemala)

IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (France)

JMA - Japanese Meteorological Agency

KEMSD - Kamchatkan Experimental and Methodical Seismilogical Department

KVERT - Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team

M - magnitude

METEOSAT - Meteorological Satellite

MEVO - Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory

MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MVO - Montserrat Volcano Observatory

MWO - Meteorological Watch Office

NEIC - National Earthquake Information Center

NIED - National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (Japan)

NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOTAM - Notice to Airmen

OVDAS - Observatorio Volcanologico de los Andes del Sur (Chile)

OFDA - Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance

ONEMI - Oficina Nacional de Emergencia - Ministerio del Interior (Chile)

OVPDLF - Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (France)

OVSICORI-UNA - Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica)

PHIVOLCS - Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Philippines)

RSAM - Real-time Seismic Amplitude Measurement

RVO - Rabaul Volcano Observatory

SERNAGEOMIN - Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria (Chile)

SIGMET - Significant Meteorological Information

SNET - Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (El Salvador)

SVERT - Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (Russia)

USAID - US Agency for International Development

USGS - United States Geological Survey

UTC - Coordinated Universal Time

VAAC - Volcanic Ash Advisory Center

VAFTAD - Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport And Dispersion

VDAP - Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (USGS)

VHP - Volcano Hazards Program (USGS)

VRC - Volcano Research Center (Japan)