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Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

Weekly Volcanic Activity Map

The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail.

This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed narratives on various volcanoes are published as reports of the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.

Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for the week of 13 December-19 December 2006
Name Location Eruption Start Date Report Status
Klyuchevskoy Central Kamchatka (Russia) New
Sheveluch Central Kamchatka (Russia) 1999 Aug 15 New
Soputan Sulawesi (Indonesia) New
Aira Kyushu (Japan) 2017 Mar 25 Continuing
Bulusan Luzon (Philippines) Continuing
Colima Mexico Continuing
Etna Sicily (Italy) 2013 Sep 3 Continuing
Home Reef Tonga Islands Continuing
Karymsky Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) Continuing
Kilauea Hawaiian Islands (USA) Continuing
Manam Papua New Guinea 2014 Jun 29 Continuing
Piton de la Fournaise Reunion Island (France) Continuing
Popocatepetl Mexico 2005 Jan 9 Continuing
Rabaul New Britain (Papua New Guinea) Continuing
Soufriere Hills Montserrat Continuing
St. Helens United States Continuing
Tungurahua Ecuador Continuing
Weekly Reports Archive

Since the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report began in November 2000, there have been 16,153 individual reports over 1,038 weeks (average of 16 per week) on 307 different volcanoes.

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Agung Concepcion Ibu Lewotolo Parker Soufriere Hills
Ahyi Copahue Ijen Little Sitkin Pavlof Soufriere St. Vincent
Aira Cotopaxi Iliamna Llaima Peuet Sague South Sarigan Seamount
Akan Cuicocha Iliwerung Loihi Pinatubo Spurr
Alaid Cumbal Inielika Lokon-Empung Planchon-Peteroa St. Helens
Alu-Dalafilla Dabbahu Ioto Lopevi Poas Stromboli
Ambae Dempo Irazu Machin Popocatepetl Sulu Range
Ambang Descabezado Grande Iya Makian Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Sumbing
Ambrym Dieng Volcanic Complex Izu-Torishima Makushin Rabaul Sundoro
Anatahan Dukono Jackson Segment Maly Semyachik Raikoke Suretamatai
Antillanca Volcanic Complex Ebeko Kaba Manam Ranakah Suwanosejima
Antuco Ebulobo Kadovar Manda Hararo Raoul Island Taal
Apoyeque Egon Kambalny Marapi Rasshua Tair, Jebel at
Arenal Ekarma Kanaga Maroa Raung Takawangha
Asamayama Epi Kanlaon Martin Redoubt Talang
Askja Erebus Karangetang Masaya Reventador Tambora
Asosan Erta Ale Karkar Maule, Laguna del Reykjanes Tanaga
Augustine Etna Karthala Mauna Loa Rincon de la Vieja Tandikat-Singgalang
Avachinsky Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group] Karymsky Mayon Rinjani Tangkoko-Duasudara
Awu Eyjafjallajokull Kasatochi McDonald Islands Ritter Island Tangkuban Parahu
Axial Seamount Fernandina Katla Melimoyu Rotorua Tara, Batu
Azul, Cerro Fogo Katmai Merapi Ruang Telica
Azumayama Fonualei Kavachi Midagahara Ruapehu Tenerife
Bagana Fournaise, Piton de la Kelimutu Misti, El Ruiz, Nevado del Tengger Caldera
Balbi Fourpeaked Kelut Miyakejima Sabancaya Three Sisters
Bamus Fuego Kerinci Momotombo Sakar Tinakula
Banda Api Fujisan Ketoi Monowai Salak Tofua
Bardarbunga Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba Kharimkotan Montagu Island San Cristobal Tokachidake
Barren Island Galeras Kick 'em Jenny Moyorodake [Medvezhia] San Miguel Tolbachik
Batur Galunggung Kikai Mutnovsky San Vicente Toliman
Bezymianny Gamalama Kilauea Myojinsho Sangay Tongariro
Bogoslof Gamkonora Kirishimayama Nabro Sangeang Api Tungurahua
Brava Gaua Kizimen Negra, Sierra Santa Ana Turrialba
Bristol Island Gorely Klyuchevskoy Negro, Cerro Santa Maria Ubinas
Bulusan Great Sitkin Kolokol Group Nightingale Island Sarigan Ulawun
Calbuco Grimsvotn Korovin Nishinoshima Sarychev Peak Unnamed
Callaqui Guagua Pichincha Koryaksky Nisyros Saunders Unnamed
Cameroon Guallatiri Krakatau Novarupta Semeru Veniaminof
Campi Flegrei del Mar di Sicilia Guntur Krummel-Garbuna-Welcker NW Rota-1 Semisopochnoi Villarrica
Cayambe Hachijojima Kuchinoerabujima Nyamuragira Seulawah Agam West Mata
Cereme Hakoneyama Kurikomayama Nyiragongo Sheveluch Westdahl
Chachadake [Tiatia] Heard Kusatsu-Shiranesan Okataina Shishaldin Whakaari/White Island
Chaiten Hekla Kverkfjoll Okmok Simbo Witori
Chiginagak Helgrindur Lamington Ontakesan Sinabung Wolf
Chikurachki Hierro Lamongan Oraefajokull Sinarka Yasur
Chiles-Cerro Negro Hokkaido-Komagatake Langila Osorno Siple Zaozan [Zaosan]
Chillan, Nevados de Home Reef Lanin Pacaya Sirung Zavodovski
Chirinkotan Hood Lascar Pagan Slamet Zhupanovsky
Chirpoi Huaynaputina Lateiki Palena Volcanic Group Snaefellsjokull Zubair Group
Cleveland Hudson, Cerro Lengai, Ol Doinyo Paluweh Soputan
Colima Huila, Nevado del Leroboleng Panarea Sorikmarapi
Colo Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai Lewotobi Papandayan Sotara
 News Feeds and Google Placemarks


Download Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network RSS Feed

The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. At the end of each report is a list of the sources used. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. This feature was first made available on 5 March 2008.



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Download Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network Link Download Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network Link

A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano profile page and to the complete Weekly Report for that week. This feature was first made available on 1 April 2009.

 Criteria & Disclaimers

Criteria



The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:

- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.

Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.

It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.

Disclaimers



1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.

2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.

3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.

4. Many news agencies do not archive the articles they post on the Internet, and therefore the links to some sources may not be active. To obtain information about the cited articles that are no longer available on the Internet contact the source.

5. USGS Disclaimer Statement for this Website:

Information presented on this website is considered public information and may be distributed or copied. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credit is requested. We strongly recommend that USGS data be acquired directly from a USGS server and not through other sources that may change the data in some way. While USGS makes every effort to provide accurate and complete information, various data such as names, telephone numbers, etc. may change prior to updating. USGS welcomes suggestions on how to improve our home page and correct errors. USGS provides no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of furnished data.

Some of the documents on this server may contain live references (or pointers) to information created and maintained by other organizations. Please note that USGS does not control and cannot guarantee the relevance, timeliness, or accuracy of these outside materials.

For site security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, this government computer system employs software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, or otherwise cause damage. Unauthorized attempts to upload information or change information on this website are strictly prohibited and may be punishable under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 and the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act. Information may also be used for authorized law enforcement investigations. (Last modified September 21, 1999.)

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA
URL: https://volcano.si.edu/reports_weekly.cfm

 Acronyms and Abbreviations

a.s.l. - above sea level

AVO - Alaska Volcano Observatory

AVHRR - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

CENAPRED - Centro Nacionale de Prevencion de Desastres (México)

CONRED - Coordinadora Nacional para la Reducción de Desastres

COSPEC - Correlation Spectrometer

CVGHM (formerly VSI) - Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

CVO - Cascades Volcano Observatory (USGS)

GMS - Geostationary Meteorological Satellite

GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GVO - Goma Volcano Observatory

GVP - Global Volcanism Program (Smithsonian Institution)

HVO - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (USGS)

ICE - Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (Costa Rica)

IG - Instituto Geofísico (Ecuador)

IGNS - Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (New Zealand) - now GNS Science

INETER - Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (Nicaragua)

INGEMMET - Instituto Geológical Minero y Metalúrgico (Peru)

INGEOMINAS - Instituto Colombiano de Geología y Minería (Colombia)

INGV-CT - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Sezione di Catania (Italy)

INSIVUMEH - Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia e Hidrologia (Guatemala)

IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (France)

JMA - Japanese Meteorological Agency

KEMSD - Kamchatkan Experimental and Methodical Seismilogical Department

KVERT - Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team

M - magnitude

METEOSAT - Meteorological Satellite

MEVO - Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory

MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MVO - Montserrat Volcano Observatory

MWO - Meteorological Watch Office

NEIC - National Earthquake Information Center

NIED - National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (Japan)

NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOTAM - Notice to Airmen

OVDAS - Observatorio Volcanologico de los Andes del Sur (Chile)

OFDA - Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance

ONEMI - Oficina Nacional de Emergencia - Ministerio del Interior (Chile)

OVPDLF - Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (France)

OVSICORI-UNA - Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica)

PHIVOLCS - Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Philippines)

RSAM - Real-time Seismic Amplitude Measurement

RVO - Rabaul Volcano Observatory

SERNAGEOMIN - Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria (Chile)

SIGMET - Significant Meteorological Information

SNET - Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (El Salvador)

SVERT - Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (Russia)

USAID - US Agency for International Development

USGS - United States Geological Survey

UTC - Coordinated Universal Time

VAAC - Volcanic Ash Advisory Center

VAFTAD - Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport And Dispersion

VDAP - Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (USGS)

VHP - Volcano Hazards Program (USGS)

VRC - Volcano Research Center (Japan)

Report for Klyuchevskoy
On 19 December, KVERT reported that the Level of Concern Color Code for Kliuchevskoi was raised from Green to Yellow due to a slight increase in seismicity above background levels. Moderate fumarolic activity was noted from the crater. A thermal anomaly in the crater was detected on satellite imagery on 14, 15, and 18 December.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
Report for Sheveluch
According to observations and video data, KVERT reported that ash plumes from Shiveluch rose to 4 km (13,100 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW and ESE on 8 and 12 December, respectively. Based on satellite imagery, ash plumes rose to altitudes of 6-7.5 km (19,700-24,600 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E and NE during 8-15 December. Seismic activity was generally at background levels. The Tokyo VAAC and KVERT reported that ash plumes rose to altitudes of 7.6-10 km (25,000-32,800 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E and NW on 16 and 17 December.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Soputan
According to CVGHM, seismic signals from rockfalls increased at Soputan during 11-13 December. On 14 December, ash clouds rose to an altitude of 2 km (6,600 ft) a.s.l. and ash fell within a 15 km radius of the peak. The emissions were accompanied by thunderous noises that were heard 8 km from the peak. On 15 December the Alert Level was raised from 2 to 3 (on a scale of 1-4) due to this increase in activity.
Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)
Report for Aira
Based on information from JMA, the Tokyo VAAC reported an explosion from Sakura-jima on 13 December.
Source: Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Bulusan
According to new articles, Bulusan emitted ash that was accompanied by rumbling noises and lightning flashes on 20 December. Clouds hindered a view of the summit. Ash deposits up to 4 mm thick were noted in several villages at the foothills.
Source: Associated Press
Report for Colima
Based on satellite imagery, the Washington VAAC reported that continuous ash-and-steam emissions from Colima produced a plume that drifted SE and W on 15 December.
Source: Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Etna
Based on increased volcanic tremor, INGV reported that weak Strombolian activity and emissions of lava and ash from the SE Crater of Etna occurred on 6 December. Later that day, seismicity dropped and explosive activity stopped. On 11 December, INGV monitoring cameras recorded Strombolian activity that resumed from a pit on the SE Crater, following a weak increase of seismicity. Lava was emitted continuously from the E flank of the SE Crater since 13 October. Lava also flowed from a vent at 2800 m elevation on the W headwall of the Valle del Bove. The eruption and lava flows from the 2800-m vent finished on 15 December. The Toulouse VAAC reported that a diffuse plume possibly containing ash was intermittently visible from a webcam on 13 December, drifting E.
Sources: Sezione di Catania - Osservatorio Etneo (INGV), Toulouse Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
Report for Home Reef
Observers from a Royal New Zealand Airforce aircraft reported venting and a sulphur smell from Home Reef on 8 December. The island was about 450 m in diameter, circular in shape, and rose to a height of 73 m (240 ft) a.s.l. The water around the island was cloudy with sediment.
Source: GeoNet
Report for Karymsky
Seismic data from Karymsky were not available during 8-15 December. Ash plumes were observed drifting in all directions during the reporting period. A thermal anomaly in the crater was detected on satellite imagery during 8-12 December. Pilots reported that an ash plume rose to an altitude of 7 km (23,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E on 17 December. Based on satellite data, the Tokyo VAAC reported that an ash plume rose to an altitude of 8.2 km (27,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Kilauea
During 13-19 December, lava from Kilauea continued to flow off of a lava delta into the ocean at the East Lae'apuki and East Ka'ili'ili entries. Incandescence on the pali was visible during the reporting period. Rare surface activity on the flow field was observed on 13 December. Incandescence was intermittently visible from the East Pond and January vents, South Wall complex, and Drainhole vent in Pu'u 'O'o's crater. Tremor near Pu`u `O`o continued at moderate levels.

According to a news article, a three-year-long inflationary trend of Kilauea's summit and E and SW rift zones ceased in early October. Since the current on-going eruption began in 1983, a total of three such events have occurred.
Sources: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), Honolulu Advertiser
Report for Manam
Based on satellite imagery, the Darwin VAAC reported that diffuse plumes from Manam drifted mainly W during 13-15 December.
Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
Report for Piton de la Fournaise
OVPDLF reported that the eruption of Piton de la Fournaise that began on 30 August continued during 13-19 December. Lava flows covered the entire Dolomieu crater floor to a thickness of 10-30 m and spilled over the E rim of the crater, producing flows 100-200 m in length. A lava tube formed from a 27 November overflow of the Dolomieu crater drained lava on the E flank that traveled 2.5 km, S of crater Jean.
Source: Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (OVPF)
Report for Popocatepetl
Based on information from the Mexico City MWO and satellite imagery, the Washington VAAC reported that an ash plume from Popocatépetl rose to an altitude of 6.7 km (22,000 ft) a.s.l. on 18 December.
Source: Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Rabaul
Based on satellite imagery, the Darwin VAAC reported that diffuse plumes from Rabaul drifted mainly N and E during 15-17 December.
Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
Report for Soufriere Hills
During 8-15 December, moderate lava-dome growth at Soufrière Hills continued and was focused on the SW part of the dome. Most of the dome surface in a sector from the S to the NW was below 100°C based on thermal images and moisture along with sulfur deposits accumulated along the SE edge. The dome overtopped the NE crater wall and fresh rock and boulder deposits were observed in that region.
Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)
Report for St. Helens
Data from deformation-monitoring instruments showed that during 13-19 December the lava dome at Mount St. Helens continued to grow. Seismicity continued at low levels, punctuated by M 1.5-2.5 and occasionally larger earthquakes. Observations were hindered due to inclement weather during most of the reporting period, but on 18 December, a steam plume rose several hundred meters above the rim and was visible from the Portland area, about 80 km away.
Sources: US Geological Survey Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO), Associated Press
Report for Tungurahua
IG reported that during 13-19 December seismic activity from Tungurahua was minimal in intensity and duration. Steam plumes with possible light-ash content reached an altitude of 8 km (26,000 ft) a.s.l. on 13 December and between 5.8-6 km (19,000-19,700 ft) a.s.l. during 14-17 and 19 December. The plumes drifted in multiple directions. On 14 December, a lahar traveled SW down the Mapayacu gorge.
Sources: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)