Activity for the week of 4 July-10 July 2007
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.
New Activity / Unrest
| Halmahera (Indonesia)
| 1.38°N, 127.53°E
| Elevation 1635 m
On 8 July, a phreatic eruption from Gamkonora produced an ash plume that rose to an altitude of 1.8 km (5,900 ft) a.s.l. The plume drifted N and ashfall was reported from villages as far as 7 km downwind. The Alert Level was raised to 2 (on a scale of 1-4). On 9 July, seismic activity increased and eruption plumes rose to altitudes of 2.1-2.6 km (7,000-8,500 ft) a.s.l. The Alert Level was raised to 3. Later that day, ash plumes rose to an altitude of 5.6 km (18,400 ft) a.s.l. and the Alert Level was raised to 4. During 9-10 July, incandescent material was propelled 5-50 m above the crater. On 10 July, booming noises were followed by ash plumes that rose to 4.1 km (13,500 ft) a.s.l. About 8,400 people evacuated from villages within an 8 km radius of the volcano.
Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)
| Hawaiian Islands (USA)
| 19.421°N, 155.287°W
| Elevation 1222 m
On 2 July, HVO scientists confirmed new lava flows at the bottom of Kilauea's Pu'u 'O'o crater and raised the Volcanic Alert Level from Advisory to Watch and Aviation Color Code from Yellow to Orange. During 3-10 July, the lava lake grew and was active. On 6 July, two vents that fed the growing lava lake were identified: the W vent near the former Beehive location and the E vent near the former East Pond location. On 8 July, a small area of crust in the lava lake intermittently fumed.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
| Central Kamchatka (Russia)
| 56.056°N, 160.642°E
| Elevation 4754 m
KVERT reported that seismic activity at Kliuchevskoi had decreased, but remained above background levels during 29 June-6 July. Based on seismic interpretation, ash plumes possibly rose to altitudes of 6-7 km (19,700-23,000 ft) a.s.l. On 4 July, the Level of Concern Color Code was lowered from Red to Orange. During 2-5 July, ash plumes rose to estimated altitudes of 5-6 km (16,400-20,000 ft) a.s.l. based on atmospheric profiles. Plumes were visible on satellite imagery drifting NNW, W, and SE.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
| 11.538°N, 85.622°W
| Elevation 1700 m
INETER reported that explosions in the crater of Concepción on 10 July produced ash-and-gas plumes that drifted NW. Ashfall was reported from areas downwind.
Source: Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (INETER)
| Sicily (Italy)
| 37.748°N, 14.999°E
| Elevation 3295 m
The Toulouse VAAC reported that minor activity from Etna was detected on satellite imagery on 7 July.
Source: Toulouse Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
| Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)
| 54.049°N, 159.443°E
| Elevation 1513 m
During 29 June-6 July, seismic activity at Karymsky was above background levels. The seismic data indicated that ash plumes may have risen to altitudes of 2.7 and 4.6 km (8,900 and 15,100 ft) a.s.l. on 1 and 4 July, respectively. A thermal anomaly in the crater was visible on satellite imagery on 30 June and 1 July. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange.
Based on information from KEMSD, the Tokyo VAAC reported that an eruption plume rose to an altitude of 2.4 km (8,000 ft) a.s.l. on 8 July. Ash was not identified on satellite imagery.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| New Britain (Papua New Guinea)
| 5.525°S, 148.42°E
| Elevation 1330 m
RVO reported that emission of ash plumes from Langila's Crater 2 continued during 10 June-3 July and were occasionally forceful. Ash plumes rose to altitudes of 2.3-3.3 km (7,500-10,800 ft) a.s.l. and drifted N and NW. Crater 3 was quiet.
Source: Rabaul Volcano Observatory (RVO)
| DR Congo
| 1.52°S, 29.25°E
| Elevation 3470 m
According to news articles, a tourist climbed over the rim of Nyiragongo on 6 July to photograph the lava lake and died after slipping and falling about 100 m. Intense heat and gas from the active lava lake made the recovery mission difficult.
Sources: Agence France-Presse (AFP), Reuters
| Western Java (Indonesia)
| 6.72°S, 106.73°E
| Elevation 2211 m
According to news articles, sulfur gas poisoning from one of Salak's fume-filled craters was suspected in the deaths of six teenagers on 7 July. Several more poisoned students were taken to a nearby hospital for treatment. The students were part of a group camping on the volcano for the weekend.
Sources: Deutsche Presse-Agentur, Reuters
| 2.005°S, 78.341°W
| Elevation 5286 m
Based on pilot observations, the Washington VAAC reported that an ash plume from Sangay rose to an altitude between 5.2-7.9 km (17,000-26,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W on 3 July.
Source: Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| Central Kamchatka (Russia)
| 56.653°N, 161.36°E
| Elevation 3283 m
KVERT reported that seismic activity at Shiveluch continued above background levels during 29 June-6 July. Based on seismic interpretation, ash plumes rose to an altitude of 6.5 km (21,300 ft) a.s.l. during the reporting period. A large thermal anomaly was detected in the crater on satellite imagery all days. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange.
Based on information from KEMSD, the Tokyo VAAC reported that an eruption plume rose to 4.6 km (15,000 ft) a.s.l. during 27-28 June. Ash was not identified on satellite imagery.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| 16.72°N, 62.18°W
| Elevation 915 m
MVO reported that during 29 June-10 July the lava dome at Soufrière Hills changed very little based on visual observations, and seismic activity was very low. Low-level rockfall activity continued, however, and predominantly affected the Tar River Valley to the E. Heavy rainfall generated lahars in E drainages during 4-6 July. The Alert Level remained at 4 (on a scale of 0-5).
Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)
| United States
| 46.2°N, 122.18°W
| Elevation 2549 m
Data from deformation-monitoring instruments indicated that during 4-10 July lava-dome growth at Mount St. Helens continued. Seismicity persisted at low levels, punctuated by M 1.5-2.5, and occasionally larger, earthquakes. In some instances, clouds inhibited visual observations.
Source: US Geological Survey Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO)
| 1.467°S, 78.442°W
| Elevation 5023 m
During 3-10 July, IG reported that ash plumes from Tungurahua rose to altitudes of 6-7.5 km (19,700-24,600 ft) a.s.l. and drifted mainly SW and W. Ashfall was reported from areas downwind during 4 and 6-9 July. Incandescence was visible at the crater on 4 and 9 July and noises were reported during 4-5, 7, and 10 July. On 8 July, incandescence was again seen at the summit and blocks rolled 500 m down the flanks. On 9 July, two explosions were accompanied by "cannon shots" that vibrated windows at the Tungurahua Observatory (OVT) in Guadalupe, 11 km N. Strombolian activity was observed and blocks rolled 1 km down the flanks. On 10 July, a lahar occurred in a W drainage.
Based on pilot reports, information from IG, and satellite imagery, the Washington VAAC reported that during 9-10 July, ash plumes rose to altitudes of 4.9-7 km (16,000-23,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W.
Sources: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| 16.355°S, 70.903°W
| Elevation 5672 m
Based on a Significant Meteorological Information (SIGMET) advisory, the Buenos Aires VAAC reported that an ash plume from Ubinas rose to an altitude between 5.5-6.1 km (18,000-20,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted S on 4 July. Ash was not identified on satellite imagery.
Source: Buenos Aires Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Criteria & Disclaimers
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:
- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.
Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.
It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.
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