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Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

Weekly Volcanic Activity Map

The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail.

This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed narratives on various volcanoes are published as reports of the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.

Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for the week of 5 September-11 September 2007
Name Location Eruption Start Date Report Status
Chikurachki Paramushir Island (Russia) New
Kerinci Indonesia 2018 Apr 21 New
Ol Doinyo Lengai Tanzania 2017 Apr 9 New
Pavlof United States New
Arenal Costa Rica Continuing
Cleveland Chuginadak Island (USA) Continuing
Karymsky Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) Continuing
Kilauea Hawaiian Islands (USA) Continuing
Pacaya Guatemala 2015 Jun 7 ± 1 days Continuing
Poas Costa Rica Continuing
Rabaul New Britain (Papua New Guinea) Continuing
Sangay Ecuador 2019 Mar 26 Continuing
Sheveluch Central Kamchatka (Russia) 1999 Aug 15 Continuing
Soufriere Hills Montserrat Continuing
St. Helens United States Continuing
Tungurahua Ecuador Continuing
Turrialba Costa Rica 2020 Jun 18 Continuing
Ubinas Peru Continuing
Weekly Reports Archive

Since the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report began in November 2000, there have been 16,153 individual reports over 1,038 weeks (average of 16 per week) on 307 different volcanoes.

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Use the dropdowns to choose the year and week for archived Weekly Reports.

Use the dropdowns to choose the year and week for archived Weekly Reports.          



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Agung Concepcion Ibu Lewotolo Parker Soufriere Hills
Ahyi Copahue Ijen Little Sitkin Pavlof Soufriere St. Vincent
Aira Cotopaxi Iliamna Llaima Peuet Sague South Sarigan Seamount
Akan Cuicocha Iliwerung Loihi Pinatubo Spurr
Alaid Cumbal Inielika Lokon-Empung Planchon-Peteroa St. Helens
Alu-Dalafilla Dabbahu Ioto Lopevi Poas Stromboli
Ambae Dempo Irazu Machin Popocatepetl Sulu Range
Ambang Descabezado Grande Iya Makian Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Sumbing
Ambrym Dieng Volcanic Complex Izu-Torishima Makushin Rabaul Sundoro
Anatahan Dukono Jackson Segment Maly Semyachik Raikoke Suretamatai
Antillanca Volcanic Complex Ebeko Kaba Manam Ranakah Suwanosejima
Antuco Ebulobo Kadovar Manda Hararo Raoul Island Taal
Apoyeque Egon Kambalny Marapi Rasshua Tair, Jebel at
Arenal Ekarma Kanaga Maroa Raung Takawangha
Asamayama Epi Kanlaon Martin Redoubt Talang
Askja Erebus Karangetang Masaya Reventador Tambora
Asosan Erta Ale Karkar Maule, Laguna del Reykjanes Tanaga
Augustine Etna Karthala Mauna Loa Rincon de la Vieja Tandikat-Singgalang
Avachinsky Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group] Karymsky Mayon Rinjani Tangkoko-Duasudara
Awu Eyjafjallajokull Kasatochi McDonald Islands Ritter Island Tangkuban Parahu
Axial Seamount Fernandina Katla Melimoyu Rotorua Tara, Batu
Azul, Cerro Fogo Katmai Merapi Ruang Telica
Azumayama Fonualei Kavachi Midagahara Ruapehu Tenerife
Bagana Fournaise, Piton de la Kelimutu Misti, El Ruiz, Nevado del Tengger Caldera
Balbi Fourpeaked Kelut Miyakejima Sabancaya Three Sisters
Bamus Fuego Kerinci Momotombo Sakar Tinakula
Banda Api Fujisan Ketoi Monowai Salak Tofua
Bardarbunga Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba Kharimkotan Montagu Island San Cristobal Tokachidake
Barren Island Galeras Kick 'em Jenny Moyorodake [Medvezhia] San Miguel Tolbachik
Batur Galunggung Kikai Mutnovsky San Vicente Toliman
Bezymianny Gamalama Kilauea Myojinsho Sangay Tongariro
Bogoslof Gamkonora Kirishimayama Nabro Sangeang Api Tungurahua
Brava Gaua Kizimen Negra, Sierra Santa Ana Turrialba
Bristol Island Gorely Klyuchevskoy Negro, Cerro Santa Maria Ubinas
Bulusan Great Sitkin Kolokol Group Nightingale Island Sarigan Ulawun
Calbuco Grimsvotn Korovin Nishinoshima Sarychev Peak Unnamed
Callaqui Guagua Pichincha Koryaksky Nisyros Saunders Unnamed
Cameroon Guallatiri Krakatau Novarupta Semeru Veniaminof
Campi Flegrei del Mar di Sicilia Guntur Krummel-Garbuna-Welcker NW Rota-1 Semisopochnoi Villarrica
Cayambe Hachijojima Kuchinoerabujima Nyamuragira Seulawah Agam West Mata
Cereme Hakoneyama Kurikomayama Nyiragongo Sheveluch Westdahl
Chachadake [Tiatia] Heard Kusatsu-Shiranesan Okataina Shishaldin Whakaari/White Island
Chaiten Hekla Kverkfjoll Okmok Simbo Witori
Chiginagak Helgrindur Lamington Ontakesan Sinabung Wolf
Chikurachki Hierro Lamongan Oraefajokull Sinarka Yasur
Chiles-Cerro Negro Hokkaido-Komagatake Langila Osorno Siple Zaozan [Zaosan]
Chillan, Nevados de Home Reef Lanin Pacaya Sirung Zavodovski
Chirinkotan Hood Lascar Pagan Slamet Zhupanovsky
Chirpoi Huaynaputina Lateiki Palena Volcanic Group Snaefellsjokull Zubair Group
Cleveland Hudson, Cerro Lengai, Ol Doinyo Paluweh Soputan
Colima Huila, Nevado del Leroboleng Panarea Sorikmarapi
Colo Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai Lewotobi Papandayan Sotara
 News Feeds and Google Placemarks


Download Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network RSS Feed

The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. At the end of each report is a list of the sources used. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. This feature was first made available on 5 March 2008.



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A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano profile page and to the complete Weekly Report for that week. This feature was first made available on 1 April 2009.

 Criteria & Disclaimers

Criteria



The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:

- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.

Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.

It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.

Disclaimers



1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.

2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.

3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.

4. Many news agencies do not archive the articles they post on the Internet, and therefore the links to some sources may not be active. To obtain information about the cited articles that are no longer available on the Internet contact the source.

5. USGS Disclaimer Statement for this Website:

Information presented on this website is considered public information and may be distributed or copied. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credit is requested. We strongly recommend that USGS data be acquired directly from a USGS server and not through other sources that may change the data in some way. While USGS makes every effort to provide accurate and complete information, various data such as names, telephone numbers, etc. may change prior to updating. USGS welcomes suggestions on how to improve our home page and correct errors. USGS provides no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of furnished data.

Some of the documents on this server may contain live references (or pointers) to information created and maintained by other organizations. Please note that USGS does not control and cannot guarantee the relevance, timeliness, or accuracy of these outside materials.

For site security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, this government computer system employs software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, or otherwise cause damage. Unauthorized attempts to upload information or change information on this website are strictly prohibited and may be punishable under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 and the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act. Information may also be used for authorized law enforcement investigations. (Last modified September 21, 1999.)

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA
URL: https://volcano.si.edu/reports_weekly.cfm

 Acronyms and Abbreviations

a.s.l. - above sea level

AVO - Alaska Volcano Observatory

AVHRR - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

CENAPRED - Centro Nacionale de Prevencion de Desastres (México)

CONRED - Coordinadora Nacional para la Reducción de Desastres

COSPEC - Correlation Spectrometer

CVGHM (formerly VSI) - Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

CVO - Cascades Volcano Observatory (USGS)

GMS - Geostationary Meteorological Satellite

GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GVO - Goma Volcano Observatory

GVP - Global Volcanism Program (Smithsonian Institution)

HVO - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (USGS)

ICE - Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (Costa Rica)

IG - Instituto Geofísico (Ecuador)

IGNS - Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (New Zealand) - now GNS Science

INETER - Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (Nicaragua)

INGEMMET - Instituto Geológical Minero y Metalúrgico (Peru)

INGEOMINAS - Instituto Colombiano de Geología y Minería (Colombia)

INGV-CT - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Sezione di Catania (Italy)

INSIVUMEH - Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia e Hidrologia (Guatemala)

IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (France)

JMA - Japanese Meteorological Agency

KEMSD - Kamchatkan Experimental and Methodical Seismilogical Department

KVERT - Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team

M - magnitude

METEOSAT - Meteorological Satellite

MEVO - Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory

MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MVO - Montserrat Volcano Observatory

MWO - Meteorological Watch Office

NEIC - National Earthquake Information Center

NIED - National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (Japan)

NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOTAM - Notice to Airmen

OVDAS - Observatorio Volcanologico de los Andes del Sur (Chile)

OFDA - Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance

ONEMI - Oficina Nacional de Emergencia - Ministerio del Interior (Chile)

OVPDLF - Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (France)

OVSICORI-UNA - Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica)

PHIVOLCS - Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Philippines)

RSAM - Real-time Seismic Amplitude Measurement

RVO - Rabaul Volcano Observatory

SERNAGEOMIN - Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria (Chile)

SIGMET - Significant Meteorological Information

SNET - Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (El Salvador)

SVERT - Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (Russia)

USAID - US Agency for International Development

USGS - United States Geological Survey

UTC - Coordinated Universal Time

VAAC - Volcanic Ash Advisory Center

VAFTAD - Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport And Dispersion

VDAP - Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (USGS)

VHP - Volcano Hazards Program (USGS)

VRC - Volcano Research Center (Japan)

Report for Chikurachki
Based on ground and aerial observations, KVERT reported that explosions from Chikurachki produced ash plumes that rose to an altitude of 3.2 km (9,800 ft) a.s.l. during 31 August-7 September. Ash plumes were visible on satellite imagery drifting NE on 31 August and 1 September, and S and SE on 3 September. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
Report for Kerinci
CVGHM reported that the Alert Status of Kerinci was raised on 9 September from 1 to 2 (on a scale of 1-4).
Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)
Report for Ol Doinyo Lengai
An eruption of Ol Doinyo Lengai on 4 September produced an ash plume that was reported by a pilot and visible on satellite imagery. Ashfall lasted about 12 hours in the village of Engare Sero, about 18 km N. Dark areas on the NW, W, and E flanks that were noticeable on satellite imagery from 4 September were possibly due to recent lava flows and burned vegetation or both. An ash plume was also visible, drifting SSW.

Multiple thermal anomalies at and around the summit were present on satellite imagery since 21 August 2007, and on the flanks on 31 August and 1 September.
Sources: Frank Moeckel, Matthieu Kervyn, Mercator and Ortelius Research Center for Eruption Dynamics, Ghent University, Greg Vaughan, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Thomas M. Holden, Nature Discovery, Ol Doinyo Lengai (Fred Belton), The Guardian News
Report for Pavlof
Seismic activity at Pavlof fluctuated, but generally remained elevated during 5-11 September. Seismicity was characterized by volcanic tremor, and signals interpreted as frequent explosions and debris flows. During the reporting period, satellite imagery revealed strong thermal anomalies at the summit. On 8 September, a possible steam plume was visible on satellite imagery and a pilot reported that a steam-and-ash plume drifted from the summit. The Volcanic Alert Level remained at Watch and the Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.
Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)
Report for Arenal
In August, activity originating from Arenal's Crater C consisted of gas emissions, sporadic Strombolian eruptions, lava flows traveling down the SW and S flanks, and occasional avalanches from lava-flow fronts. Volcanic activity was at relatively low levels and few eruptions occurred. Blocks from the lava-flow fronts periodically reached vegetation and started small fires. Acid rain and small amounts of ejected pyroclastic material affected the NE and SE flanks. Eruptions produced ash plumes that rose about 2.2 km (7,100 ft) a.s.l. Pyroclastic cones on the NE and SW flanks continued to grow. Small avalanches of volcanic material traveled down several ravines. Crater D showed only fumarolic activity.
Source: Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica-Universidad Nacional (OVSICORI-UNA)
Report for Cleveland
AVO lowered the Volcanic Alert Level for Cleveland from Watch to Advisory and the Aviation Color Code from Orange to Yellow on 6 September. AVO noted that since late July, ash and gas plumes were absent in satellite imagery and no reports of activity were received. Clouds obscured satellite and web camera views during 5-11 September.
Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)
Report for Karymsky
Seismic activity at Karymsky was above background levels during 31 August-7 September. Based on seismic interpretation, ash plumes may have risen to altitudes of 5.5-6 km (18,000-19,700 ft) a.s.l. Observations of satellite imagery revealed that a thermal anomaly was present in the crater during the reporting period. Ash plumes were also present and drifted NE on 31 August, and SE and NW during 1-3 September. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange.

Based on information from KEMSD, pilot reports, and observations in the Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Flight Information Region (FIR), the Tokyo VAAC reported that ash plumes rose to altitudes of 3-7.3 km (10,000-24,000 ft) a.s.l. during 5-10 September. Ash was not identified on satellite imagery.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Kilauea
HVO reported that during 5-11 September fissure segment D from Kilauea's 21 July fissure eruption continued to feed an advancing 'a'a lava flow that frequently overflowed its channel edges. Several of the lava flows that branched from the main channel continued to advance. A section of the lava flow's channel collapsed during 6-7 September, and several new lava flows branched away and advanced less than 1 km. On 8 September, the level of the lava in the channel was about 3-8 m below the previous level before the channel was breached. On 9 September, the channel was again full and overflowing. On 11 September, a breakout occurred at the fissure vent of segment D, sending a small lava flow to the S. A few small earthquakes were located beneath Halema'uma'u crater, the S flank, and the SW rift zone during the reporting period.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
Report for Pacaya
On 7 September, INSIVUMEH reported that lava flows on the W flank of Pacaya's MacKenney cone were about 150 m in length. During the week prior, fumaroles in the crater produced white and blue plumes that drifted S and SW. Incandescence was observed from the summit.
Source: Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH)
Report for Poas
OVSICORI-UNA reported that during August, Laguna Caliente, a summit lake of Poás, was greenish-gray in color, exhibited convection cells in the lake's center, and contained dark gray floating particles. Subaqueous fumaroles at the center of the lake released gases that spread and covered the entire surface of the lake. The level of the lake had dropped 59 cm with respect to its level in July, and it had a temperature of 58 degrees Celsius. Fumarolic activity from a pyroclastic cone produced gas plumes that rose 400 m above the floor of the crater. Points of gas discharge were noted from the N and NW crater walls, the terrace, and the NE edge of the crater. Fumaroles in contact with the lake and the NE wall produced sulfur particles that floated in the lake. Emissions from the SE and NE crater walls were very low in volume.
Source: Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica-Universidad Nacional (OVSICORI-UNA)
Report for Rabaul
RVO reported that ash plumes from Rabaul caldera's Tavurvur cone rose to an altitude less than 1 km (3,300 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W on 3 September. Ashfall was reported from areas downwind. During 4-10 September, white vapor plumes rose to altitudes less than 2 km (6,600 ft) a.s.l. and drifted WNW. On 8 and 9 September, the smell of hydrogen-sulfide gas coincided with a blue tinge in the vapor plumes. During the reporting period, emissions were accompanied by roaring noises and observers saw incandescence at the summit.
Source: Rabaul Volcano Observatory (RVO)
Report for Sangay
The Washington VAAC reported that ash plumes from Sangay were observed by pilots during 8-9 September. Ash was not detected on satellite imagery.
Source: Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Sheveluch
KVERT reported that seismic activity at Shiveluch was above background levels during 31 August-7 September. Based on seismic interpretation during this interval, avalanches and ash plumes that rose to an altitude of 5.7 km (18,700 ft) a.s.l. Visual observation and video data indicated that ash plumes rose to an altitude of 4.5 km (14,800 ft) a.s.l. on 1 September and drifted SE. Gas-and-steam plumes were noted on the other days. Observations of satellite imagery revealed a thermal anomaly present in the crater during the reporting period. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange.

Based on information reported from KEMSD, the Tokyo VAAC reported that an eruption plume rose to an altitude of 4.9 km (16,000 ft) a.s.l. on 9 September. Ash was not identified on satellite imagery.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Soufriere Hills
MVO reported that during 3-11 September the lava dome at Soufrière Hills changed very little, based on visual observations. Seismic activity was very low and low-level rockfall activity continued. The Alert Level remained elevated at 4 (on a scale of 0-5).
Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)
Report for St. Helens
Data from deformation-monitoring instruments indicated that during 5-11 September lava-dome growth at Mount St. Helens continued. Seismicity persisted at low levels, punctuated by M 1.5-2.5, and occasionally larger, earthquakes.
Source: US Geological Survey Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO)
Report for Tungurahua
IG reported that ash plumes from Tungurahua rose to altitudes of 5.3-8 km (17,400-26,200 ft) a.s.l. during 5-6 and 9-10 September. A few explosions occurred on 7 September, in one case associated with incandescent blocks rolling down the flanks. On 8 September, a steam plume rose to an altitude of 6 km (19,700 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W. During 9-10 September, incandescent blocks rolled about 100 m down the flanks. On 10 September, ashfall was reported in areas to the SW.
Source: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG)
Report for Turrialba
OVSICORI-UNA reported that fumarolic activity and gas discharge in and to the W of Turrialba's central crater continued throughout August. New points of gas discharge, small landslides, and accelerated vegetation die-off were noted from various locations within and around the crater. Fumaroles were active in almost all directions in the central crater; many exhibited sulfur deposits and those in the S, SE, and SW reached a temperature of 91 degrees C. Fumaroles at the bottom of the W crater reached 176 degrees C on 16 August. Small sulfur flows from a few of the fumaroles descended about 2 m from the emission point. Steam plumes from fumaroles on the W wall rose to an altitude of 3.8 km (12,500 ft) a.s.l.

New fumaroles appeared on the SW flank and N and NW of the central crater. Some of the fumaroles corresponded to two widening cracks, to the SW and NW of the W crater. Vegetation affected from gas and steam discharge and sulfur deposits were noted. People living on the N flank and from areas to the NW and W reported constant gas emissions from cracks in an area of about 20 by 50 meters, NW of the W crater.
Source: Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica-Universidad Nacional (OVSICORI-UNA)
Report for Ubinas
Based on observations of satellite imagery and a pilot report, the Buenos Aires VAAC reported that an eruption plume from Ubinas rose to altitudes of 5.5-7.6 km (18,000-25,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SE on 11 September.
Source: Buenos Aires Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)