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Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

Weekly Volcanic Activity Map

The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail.

This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed narratives on various volcanoes are published as reports of the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.

Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for the week of 24 September-30 September 2008
Name Location Eruption Start Date Report Status
Krummel-Garbuna-Welcker New Britain (Papua New Guinea) New
Piton de la Fournaise Reunion Island (France) New
Sangay Ecuador 2019 Mar 26 New
Akan Hokkaido (Japan) Continuing
Arenal Costa Rica Continuing
Chaiten Chile Continuing
Dukono Halmahera (Indonesia) 1933 Aug 13 Continuing
Fuego Guatemala 2002 Jan 4 Continuing
Karymsky Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) Continuing
Kilauea Hawaiian Islands (USA) Continuing
Rabaul New Britain (Papua New Guinea) Continuing
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 Continuing
Sheveluch Central Kamchatka (Russia) 1999 Aug 15 Continuing
Soufriere Hills Montserrat Continuing
Suwanosejima Ryukyu Islands (Japan) 2004 Oct 23 Continuing
Turrialba Costa Rica Continuing
Ubinas Peru Continuing
Weekly Reports Archive

Since the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report began in November 2000, there have been 16,302 individual reports over 1,046 weeks (average of 16 per week) on 308 different volcanoes.

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Agung Concepcion Ibu Lewotolo Parker Sotara
Ahyi Copahue Ijen Little Sitkin Pavlof Soufriere Hills
Aira Cotopaxi Iliamna Llaima Pelee Soufriere St. Vincent
Akan Cuicocha Iliwerung Loihi Peuet Sague South Sarigan Seamount
Alaid Cumbal Inielika Lokon-Empung Pinatubo Spurr
Alu-Dalafilla Dabbahu Ioto Lopevi Planchon-Peteroa St. Helens
Ambae Dempo Irazu Machin Poas Stromboli
Ambang Descabezado Grande Iya Makian Popocatepetl Sulu Range
Ambrym Dieng Volcanic Complex Izu-Torishima Makushin Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Sumbing
Anatahan Dukono Jackson Segment Maly Semyachik Rabaul Sundoro
Antillanca Volcanic Complex Ebeko Kaba Manam Raikoke Suretamatai
Antuco Ebulobo Kadovar Manda Hararo Ranakah Suwanosejima
Apoyeque Egon Kambalny Marapi Raoul Island Taal
Arenal Ekarma Kanaga Maroa Rasshua Tair, Jebel at
Asamayama Epi Kanlaon Martin Raung Takawangha
Askja Erebus Karangetang Masaya Redoubt Talang
Asosan Erta Ale Karkar Maule, Laguna del Reventador Tambora
Augustine Etna Karthala Mauna Loa Reykjanes Tanaga
Avachinsky Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group] Karymsky Mayon Rincon de la Vieja Tandikat-Singgalang
Awu Eyjafjallajokull Kasatochi McDonald Islands Rinjani Tangkoko-Duasudara
Axial Seamount Fernandina Katla Melimoyu Ritter Island Tangkuban Parahu
Azul, Cerro Fogo Katmai Merapi Rotorua Tara, Batu
Azumayama Fonualei Kavachi Midagahara Ruang Telica
Bagana Fournaise, Piton de la Kelimutu Misti, El Ruapehu Tenerife
Balbi Fourpeaked Kelut Miyakejima Ruiz, Nevado del Tengger Caldera
Bamus Fuego Kerinci Momotombo Sabancaya Three Sisters
Banda Api Fujisan Ketoi Monowai Sakar Tinakula
Bardarbunga Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba Kharimkotan Montagu Island Salak Tofua
Barren Island Galeras Kick 'em Jenny Moyorodake [Medvezhia] San Cristobal Tokachidake
Batur Galunggung Kikai Mutnovsky San Miguel Tolbachik
Bezymianny Gamalama Kilauea Myojinsho San Vicente Toliman
Bogoslof Gamkonora Kirishimayama Nabro Sangay Tongariro
Brava Gaua Kizimen Negra, Sierra Sangeang Api Tungurahua
Bristol Island Gorely Klyuchevskoy Negro, Cerro Santa Ana Turrialba
Bulusan Great Sitkin Kolokol Group Nightingale Island Santa Maria Ubinas
Calbuco Grimsvotn Korovin Nishinoshima Sarigan Ulawun
Callaqui Guagua Pichincha Koryaksky Nisyros Sarychev Peak Unnamed
Cameroon Guallatiri Krakatau Novarupta Saunders Unnamed
Campi Flegrei del Mar di Sicilia Guntur Krummel-Garbuna-Welcker NW Rota-1 Semeru Veniaminof
Cayambe Hachijojima Kuchinoerabujima Nyamuragira Semisopochnoi Villarrica
Cereme Hakoneyama Kurikomayama Nyiragongo Seulawah Agam West Mata
Chachadake [Tiatia] Heard Kusatsu-Shiranesan Okataina Sheveluch Westdahl
Chaiten Hekla Kverkfjoll Okmok Shishaldin Whakaari/White Island
Chiginagak Helgrindur Lamington Ontakesan Simbo Witori
Chikurachki Hierro Lamongan Oraefajokull Sinabung Wolf
Chiles-Cerro Negro Hokkaido-Komagatake Langila Osorno Sinarka Yasur
Chillan, Nevados de Home Reef Lanin Pacaya Siple Zaozan [Zaosan]
Chirinkotan Hood Lascar Pagan Sirung Zavodovski
Chirpoi Huaynaputina Lateiki Palena Volcanic Group Slamet Zhupanovsky
Cleveland Hudson, Cerro Lengai, Ol Doinyo Paluweh Snaefellsjokull Zubair Group
Colima Huila, Nevado del Leroboleng Panarea Soputan
Colo Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai Lewotobi Papandayan Sorikmarapi
 News Feeds and Google Placemarks


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The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. At the end of each report is a list of the sources used. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. This feature was first made available on 5 March 2008.



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A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano profile page and to the complete Weekly Report for that week. This feature was first made available on 1 April 2009.

 Criteria & Disclaimers

Criteria



The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:

- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.

Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.

It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.

Disclaimers



1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.

2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.

3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.

4. Many news agencies do not archive the articles they post on the Internet, and therefore the links to some sources may not be active. To obtain information about the cited articles that are no longer available on the Internet contact the source.

5. USGS Disclaimer Statement for this Website:

Information presented on this website is considered public information and may be distributed or copied. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credit is requested. We strongly recommend that USGS data be acquired directly from a USGS server and not through other sources that may change the data in some way. While USGS makes every effort to provide accurate and complete information, various data such as names, telephone numbers, etc. may change prior to updating. USGS welcomes suggestions on how to improve our home page and correct errors. USGS provides no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of furnished data.

Some of the documents on this server may contain live references (or pointers) to information created and maintained by other organizations. Please note that USGS does not control and cannot guarantee the relevance, timeliness, or accuracy of these outside materials.

For site security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, this government computer system employs software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, or otherwise cause damage. Unauthorized attempts to upload information or change information on this website are strictly prohibited and may be punishable under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 and the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act. Information may also be used for authorized law enforcement investigations. (Last modified September 21, 1999.)

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA
URL: https://volcano.si.edu/reports_weekly.cfm

 Acronyms and Abbreviations

a.s.l. - above sea level

AVO - Alaska Volcano Observatory

AVHRR - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

CENAPRED - Centro Nacionale de Prevencion de Desastres (México)

CONRED - Coordinadora Nacional para la Reducción de Desastres

COSPEC - Correlation Spectrometer

CVGHM (formerly VSI) - Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

CVO - Cascades Volcano Observatory (USGS)

GMS - Geostationary Meteorological Satellite

GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GVO - Goma Volcano Observatory

GVP - Global Volcanism Program (Smithsonian Institution)

HVO - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (USGS)

ICE - Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (Costa Rica)

IG - Instituto Geofísico (Ecuador)

IGNS - Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (New Zealand) - now GNS Science

INETER - Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (Nicaragua)

INGEMMET - Instituto Geológical Minero y Metalúrgico (Peru)

INGEOMINAS - Instituto Colombiano de Geología y Minería (Colombia)

INGV-CT - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Sezione di Catania (Italy)

INSIVUMEH - Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia e Hidrologia (Guatemala)

IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (France)

JMA - Japanese Meteorological Agency

KEMSD - Kamchatkan Experimental and Methodical Seismilogical Department

KVERT - Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team

M - magnitude

METEOSAT - Meteorological Satellite

MEVO - Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory

MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MVO - Montserrat Volcano Observatory

MWO - Meteorological Watch Office

NEIC - National Earthquake Information Center

NIED - National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (Japan)

NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOTAM - Notice to Airmen

OVDAS - Observatorio Volcanologico de los Andes del Sur (Chile)

OFDA - Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance

ONEMI - Oficina Nacional de Emergencia - Ministerio del Interior (Chile)

OVPDLF - Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (France)

OVSICORI-UNA - Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica)

PHIVOLCS - Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Philippines)

RSAM - Real-time Seismic Amplitude Measurement

RVO - Rabaul Volcano Observatory

SERNAGEOMIN - Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria (Chile)

SIGMET - Significant Meteorological Information

SNET - Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (El Salvador)

SVERT - Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (Russia)

USAID - US Agency for International Development

USGS - United States Geological Survey

UTC - Coordinated Universal Time

VAAC - Volcanic Ash Advisory Center

VAFTAD - Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport And Dispersion

VDAP - Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (USGS)

VHP - Volcano Hazards Program (USGS)

VRC - Volcano Research Center (Japan)

Report for Krummel-Garbuna-Welcker
RVO reported that ash emissions from Garbuna started on 23 September and continued through 1 October. Ash plumes rose to an approximate altitude of 1.6 km (5,200 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW.
Source: Rabaul Volcano Observatory (RVO)
Report for Piton de la Fournaise
OVPDLF reported that during 24-30 September, lava flows from Piton de la Fournaise continued to pond at the bottom of Dolomieu crater. The lava flows issued from a fissure about halfway up the W wall of the crater. Based on air photos acquired on 25 September, the lava flow was an estimated 180 m long by 100 m wide and about 30 m deep. The erupted volume was about 300,000 cubic meters. On 26 September, lava fountaining from the fissure was no longer visible, but bubbling lava in the cone was noted.
Source: Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (OVPF)
Report for Sangay
Based on analysis of satellite imagery, information from the Guayaquil MWO, and pilot reports, the Washington VAAC reported that a minor ash plume rose from Sangay on 24 September and drifted WNW.
Source: Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Akan
Seismic tremor from the Akan volcanic complex that lasted for four minutes on 29 September prompted JMA to raise the Alert Level from 1 to 2 (using a 1-5 scale). The number of earthquakes had increased since 26 September. A white plume rose less than 100 m above the Me-Akan volcano group. [Correction: The numbered Alert Level system was not applied to Akan. Instead, a near-crater warning was issued.]
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA)
Report for Arenal
OVSICORI-UNA reported that changes in morphology and the health of vegetation at Arenal were documented during approximately 14-20 September. Fine ashfall produced at the summit by an active lava flow impacted and burned vegetation along the upper and lower E and NE flanks. The impact on the vegetation was more severe near the summit. By mid September, additional material moving down the SW flank had filled the 6 June collapse scar and built an 800-m-high levee. Occasional incandescent blocks roll down the top of the levee. Material accumulated on both sides of the levee and at the distal end, creating a 200-m-wide fan. A mass of material also accumulated at the SW edge of the summit, causing blocks to occasionally roll down the N flank.
Source: Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica-Universidad Nacional (OVSICORI-UNA)
Report for Chaiten
Based on web camera views and analysis of satellite imagery, the Buenos Aires VAAC reported that during 25-30 September continuous ash plumes rose to altitudes of 2.1-2.7 km (7,000-9,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E, ESE, and SE. A thermal anomaly over the lava dome was detected by satellite imagery during 25-27 September. On 26 September, SERNAGEOMIN reported that Chaitén continued to produce two gas-and-ash plumes that rose to altitudes of 2.6-3.1 km (8,500-10,200 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE.
Sources: Servicio Nacional de Geología y Minería (SERNAGEOMIN), Buenos Aires Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Dukono
Based on analysis of satellite imagery, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 24 September a low-level ash plume from Dukono rose to an altitude of 1.8 km (6,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE.
Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
Report for Fuego
Based on information from the Tegucigalpa MWO, the Washington VAAC reported that on 18 September a possible ash plume from Fuego rose to an altitude of 4.3 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SSW. INSIVUMEH reported on 24 September that a lava flow traveled 300 m W towards the Seca ravine. Avalanches were generated from the lava flow front. Explosions generated ash plumes that rose to an altitude of 4.1 km (13,500 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W.
Sources: Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Karymsky
KVERT reported that seismic activity at Karymsky was above background levels during 19-26 September. Possible daily explosions may have generated ash plumes to an altitude of 3.8 km (12,500 ft) a.s.l. Analysis of satellite imagery revealed a thermal anomaly in the crater on 18 and 23 September. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange.

Based on analysis of satellite imagery and information from KEMSD, the Tokyo VAAC reported that eruptions generated plumes to altitudes of 3-3.4 km (10,000-11,000 ft) a.s.l. on 24 and 28 September.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Kilauea
HVO reported that during 24-30 September, lava flowed SE through a tube system from underneath Kilauea's Thanksgiving Eve Breakout (TEB) and rootless shield complex, reaching the ocean entry. Explosions at the ocean entry were noted on 25 and 27 September.

During the reporting period, Kilauea earthquakes were variously located beneath and to the S of the caldera, along the SW rift zone, and along the S-flank faults. Beneath Halema'uma'u crater, 40-100 small earthquakes per day (background is 20-40) also occurred but were too small to be located more precisely. The vent in Halema'uma'u crater continued to produce a predominantly white plume with minor tephra content that drifted mainly SW. Weak night-time incandescence was intermittently seen at the base of the plume. The plume was occasionally tinged brown in association with small local earthquakes. During an overflight on 26 September, HVO geologists estimated that the surface of the lava pond was about 120-140 m below the crater floor, about 20-40 m lower than the previous pond surface observed on 5 September.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
Report for Rabaul
RVO reported that ash plumes from Rabaul caldera's Tavurvur cone continued to be emitted during 15-29 September. Plumes drifted in multiple directions. Ashfall was reported in areas downwind, including Rabaul town (3-5 km NW), Namanula Hill (3 km W), and Kokopo (20 km SE). Flights to Tokua airport (20 km SW) were canceled on 24 September due to ashfall. During 28-29 September, ash plumes rose to altitudes of 2.7-3.2 km (8,900-10,500 ft) a.s.l. Continuous incandescence at the summit was observed and roaring noises were heard.
Source: Rabaul Volcano Observatory (RVO)
Report for Santa Maria
Based on information from the Tegucigalpa MWO, the Washington VAAC reported that on 18 September an ash plume from Caliente dome in Santa María's Santiaguito complex rose to an altitude of 4.3 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SSW. INSIVUMEH reported on 24 September that explosions produced ash plumes that rose to altitudes of 2.8 km (9,200 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SW. Avalanches of material from the top of the lava dome descended the flank and lava flows traveled SW.
Sources: Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Sheveluch
KVERT reported that seismic activity at Shiveluch was above background levels during 19-26 September. A large number of hot avalanches may have descended the lava dome and produced ash plumes that rose to an altitude of 3.6 km (11,800 ft) a.s.l. Fumaroles on the lava dome were active on 19 September. Analysis of satellite imagery revealed a daily thermal anomaly on the lava dome. According to a news article, video cameras recorded an eruption that produced an ash plume on 26 September. The ash plume rose to an altitude of 4.5 km (14,800 ft) a.s.l. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Itar-Tass News
Report for Soufriere Hills
MVO reported that during 20-26 September, the W side of the Soufrière Hills lava dome continued to grow. Rockfalls were detected by the seismic network. The Hazard Level remained at 3.
Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)
Report for Suwanosejima
Based on reports from JMA, the Tokyo VAAC reported explosions from Suwanose-jima during 25-26 and 28-29 September. Resultant plumes rose to altitudes of 1.5-3 km (5,000-10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE, E, and SW.
Source: Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Turrialba
OVSICORI-UNA reported that fieldwork on 23 September revealed severely impacted vegetation on Turrialba's flanks and inner caldera in areas only mildly affected during the previous three years of sustained degassing. Vegetation in the S and SE summit areas was severely burned and infrastructure was impacted during August and September. Along the flank, S of the W crater, plants were burned down to the soil. Trees in lower-altitude areas were yellowed and seared due to extreme acidification. Pastures and areas along canyons and depressions were also affected. OVSICORI-UNA recommended that precautions should be taken when carrying out activities in the affected areas.
Source: Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica-Universidad Nacional (OVSICORI-UNA)
Report for Ubinas
Based on SIGMET reports, the Buenos Aires VAAC reported that on 30 September ash plumes from Ubinas rose to altitudes of 5.5-8.8 km (18,000-29,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SSE.
Source: Buenos Aires Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)