Logo link to homepage

Salak

Photo of this volcano
  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1938 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.72°S
  • 106.73°E

  • 2211 m
    7254 ft

  • 263050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number
Most Recent Weekly Report: 4 July-10 July 2007 Citation IconCite this Report

According to news articles, sulfur gas poisoning from one of Salak's fume-filled craters was suspected in the deaths of six teenagers on 7 July. Several more poisoned students were taken to a nearby hospital for treatment. The students were part of a group camping on the volcano for the weekend.

Sources: Deutsche Presse-Agentur, Reuters


Most Recent Bulletin Report: September 2007 (BGVN 32:09) Citation IconCite this Report

Six gas-related fatalities during July 2007

The last eruption at Salak, a stratovolcano near the W end of Java (figure 1), was in 1938, and the volcano remains in repose. According to news articles, sulfur-gas poisoning from a fume-filled crater was suspected in the deaths of six teenagers on 7 July 2007. The victims, who were between the ages of 14 and 16, were part of a group of about 50 students camping on the volcano for the weekend. Several more poisoned students were taken to a nearby hospital for treatment.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 1. Satellite imagery from Google Earth showing Salak (center, ~60 km SSW of Jakarta) and other volcanoes of western Java. Courtesy of Google Earth.

Information Contacts: Reuters (URL: http://www.reuters.com/); Asia-Pacific News (URL: http://www.asiapacificnews.com/); Associated Press (URL: http://www.ap.org/); Deutsche-Presse Agentur (URL: http://www.dpa.de/).

Weekly Reports - Index


2007: July


4 July-10 July 2007 Citation IconCite this Report

According to news articles, sulfur gas poisoning from one of Salak's fume-filled craters was suspected in the deaths of six teenagers on 7 July. Several more poisoned students were taken to a nearby hospital for treatment. The students were part of a group camping on the volcano for the weekend.

Sources: Deutsche Presse-Agentur; Reuters


Bulletin Reports - Index

Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

09/2007 (BGVN 32:09) Six gas-related fatalities during July 2007




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


September 2007 (BGVN 32:09) Citation IconCite this Report

Six gas-related fatalities during July 2007

The last eruption at Salak, a stratovolcano near the W end of Java (figure 1), was in 1938, and the volcano remains in repose. According to news articles, sulfur-gas poisoning from a fume-filled crater was suspected in the deaths of six teenagers on 7 July 2007. The victims, who were between the ages of 14 and 16, were part of a group of about 50 students camping on the volcano for the weekend. Several more poisoned students were taken to a nearby hospital for treatment.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 1. Satellite imagery from Google Earth showing Salak (center, ~60 km SSW of Jakarta) and other volcanoes of western Java. Courtesy of Google Earth.

Information Contacts: Reuters (URL: http://www.reuters.com/); Asia-Pacific News (URL: http://www.asiapacificnews.com/); Associated Press (URL: http://www.ap.org/); Deutsche-Presse Agentur (URL: http://www.dpa.de/).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 6 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1938 Jan 31 ± 5 days Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Kawah Cikaluwung Putri
1935 Feb Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Kawah Cikaluwung Putri
1919 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Kawah Ratu
1902 1903 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Kawah Ratu
1780 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Kawah Ratu
[ 1699 Jan 5 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Salak 3
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Salak.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Salak.

Photo Gallery

The eroded Gunung Salak volcano lies at the NE end of a dissected volcanic range in western Java. Historical eruptions have been restricted to craters in solfataric areas on Its western flank.

Copyrighted photo by Katia and Maurice Krafft, 1971.
Salak is a strongly eroded volcano in western Java with flank cones on the SW flank and northern foot. Its summit crater is dormant and historical eruptions have been restricted to phreatic explosions from craters in a solfataric area at 1400 m on the western flank.

Copyrighted photo by Katia and Maurice Krafft, 1971.
The deeply eroded Gunung Perbakti (center) rises above forests to its N, flanked by Gunung Endut (left) and Gunung Salak (right) volcanoes. Perbakti and Endut are part of the Perbatkti-Gagak volcanic complex. The summit ridge of Perbakti is elongated in a NW-SE direction, and Endut volcano rises to the SW of Perbakti. Phreatic explosions have occurred during historical time at the Perbakti-Gagak complex as well as geothermal activity.

Anonymous, 1989.
An aerial view from the west shows the profile eroded Salak volcano. Two craters trending SW and NE truncate the summit of the volcano.

Anonymous, 1989.
Gunung Salak is seen here from a village on the NE flank. Smaller cones are on the SW flank and at the northern foot of the forested, extensively eroded volcano. Two large breached craters are at the summit. Historical eruptions from have consisted of phreatic explosions from craters on the western flank. Salak volcano has been the site of extensive geothermal exploration.

Photo courtesy of Volcanological Survey of Indonesia, 1982.
Two large breached craters truncate the summit of Gunung Salak. Historical eruptions from have consisted of phreatic explosions from craters on the western flank. Salak volcano has been the site of extensive geothermal exploration.

Photo by Cahya Patria, 2005 (Centre of Volcanology & Geological Hazard Mitigation, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Tanjungkarang
Publisher: Bakosurtanal, Djakarta
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1986
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Tanjungkarang

Title: Serang
Publisher: Director of Military Survey, UK
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1969
Series: 1501 (G)
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Serang

Title: Pulau Sangiang
Publisher: US Army Map Service (Far East)
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1965
Series: T725
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Pulau Sangiang

Title: Serang
Publisher: US Army Map Service (Far East)
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1965
Series: T725
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Serang

Title: Anger-Lor
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1965
Series: T725
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Anger-Lor

Title: Telukbetung
Publisher: US Army Corps of Engineers
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1959
Series: T503
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Telukbetung

Title: Serang
Publisher: US Army Corps of Engineers
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1958
Series: T503
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Serang

Title: Batavia
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1946
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Batavia

Title: Batavia
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1946
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Batavia
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 86577 Rhyolite -- --
External Sites