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Fuss Peak

Photo of this volcano
  • Russia
  • Kuril Volcanic Arc
  • Composite | Stratovolcano
  • 1854 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Province
  • Landform | Volc Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 50.267°N
  • 155.246°E

  • 1742 m
    5715 ft

  • 290340
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number


Most Recent Bulletin Report: April 1987 (SEAN 12:04) Citation IconCite this Report

Moderate fumarolic activity

Between 12 October and 2 November 1986, moderate fumarolic activity was observed in the E part of the summit crater. The fumaroles fell along a N-S line that divided the crater. The rest of the crater was snow-covered.

Information Contacts: G. Steinberg and B. Piskunov, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Fuss Peak.

Bulletin Reports - Index

Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

10/1982 (SEAN 07:10) Increased thermal activity

04/1987 (SEAN 12:04) Moderate fumarolic activity




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


October 1982 (SEAN 07:10) Citation IconCite this Report

Increased thermal activity

Recent aerial infrared surveys and ground investigations have shown increasing thermal activity at Fuss Peak. Gorshkov (1967) reported that there was no fumarolic activity at the volcano, E. K. Markhinin found only very minor signs of it in 1969, and fumaroles were not observed during 1971-1976 overflights. In 1973, an aerial infrared survey detected weak thermal anomalies over an area of about 104 m2 in the N and E parts of the crater and on its E rim (Gusev and Zelenov, 1979). When the volcano was resurveyed in 1978, intense thermal anomalies were measured over most of the 700-m-diameter crater, extending down to its bottom about 200 m below the rim. Weak fumaroles were observed in the E and central part of the crater. The 1978 resurvey also found a 50-80 m-wide zone of anomalously high temperatures extending 250-300 m down the E flank from the crater rim (Gusev and Zelenov, 1979). Fumaroles were seen on the E flank during an overflight in the fall of 1981.

G. S. Steinberg visited the volcano in September 1982 and found fumaroles at the base of both the W and E sides of the crater's small median ridge. Activity was stronger at the E base of the ridge, where there were two groups of fumaroles, each with three powerful vapor jets with temperatures of 95-96°C. Bright yellow sulfur crystals were present in some of the vents. Despite the fumaroles, the majority of the crater floor was snow-covered. Many weak fumaroles were observed in a zone of small fissures on the upper flank in the immediate vicinity of the crater rim, but none had deposited sulfur. About halfway down the cone, in a narrow, shallow canyon that was apparently an extension of the upper flank fissure zone, there were three groups of fumaroles, separated by 30-60 m, vigorously emitting a mixture of steam and other gases. Temperatures at these vents were 94-96°C and they had deposited bright yellow sulfur. Within the fissure zone, temperatures at 30-40 cm depth were 9-13°C. Temperatures at similar depths outside the zone were 3-4°C.

References. Gorshkov, G.S., 1967, Vulkanizm Kurilskoi Ostrovnoi Dugi: Nauka, Moscow, 288 p.

Gusev, N.A., and Zelenov, E.N., 1979, The activization of heat regime of the Fuss Peak volcano according to the heat aerial surveying: Volcanology and Seismology, no. 4, p. 102.

Information Contacts: G. Steinberg, Sakhalin Complex Institute.


April 1987 (SEAN 12:04) Citation IconCite this Report

Moderate fumarolic activity

Between 12 October and 2 November 1986, moderate fumarolic activity was observed in the E part of the summit crater. The fumaroles fell along a N-S line that divided the crater. The rest of the crater was snow-covered.

Information Contacts: G. Steinberg and B. Piskunov, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 9 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.

[ 1933 ] Uncertain Eruption

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
1933 - Unknown Evidence from Unknown

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion Uncertain
   - - - -    - - - - Volcanic "smoke"

1854 Jul 5 Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 3

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
1854 Jul 5 - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion violent, strong, or large
1854 Jul 5    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

[ 1742 ] Uncertain Eruption

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
1742 - Unknown Evidence from Unknown

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Earthquakes (undefined)
   - - - -    - - - - Tsunami

1250 (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 3 (?)

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode HPM1 tephra
1250 (?) - Unknown Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at HPM1 tephra

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice
   - - - -    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

1590 BCE ± 70 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 3

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode HPM2 tephra
1590 BCE ± 70 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (calibrated)

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at HPM2 tephra

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice
   - - - -    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

1850 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 1 (?)

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode HPM3 tephra
1850 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at HPM3 tephra

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice
   - - - -    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

3150 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 3 (?)

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode HPM4 tephra
3150 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at HPM4 tephra

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice Uncertain
   - - - -    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

3850 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode HPM5 tephra
3850 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at HPM5 tephra

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice
   - - - -    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

4850 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 1 (?)

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode HPM7 tephra
4850 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at HPM7 tephra

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice
   - - - -    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

5250 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2 (?)

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode HPM8 tephra
5250 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at HPM8 tephra

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice
   - - - -    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

5340 BCE ± 30 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 3

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode HPM6 tephra
5340 BCE ± 30 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (calibrated)

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at HPM6 tephra

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice
   - - - -    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Fuss Peak.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Fuss Peak.

GVP Map Holdings

Maps are not currently available due to technical issues.

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Fuss Peak in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites