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Krasheninnikov

Photo of this volcano
  • Russia
  • Kamchatka and Mainland Asia
  • Caldera
  • 1550 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 54.596°N
  • 160.27°E

  • 1816 m
    5958 ft

  • 300190
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Krasheninnikov.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Krasheninnikov.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Krasheninnikov.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 31 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1550 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Northern cone (Pauk) & SW of S cone
1350 (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Tephrochronology SW flank of southern cone
0850 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
0750 (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Central N cone, SE flank of S cone
0650 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology NW flank and central northern cone
0150 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
0250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
0350 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
0650 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone and southern cone flank
0850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone and southern cone flank
1000 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
1050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
1150 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
1350 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) N (Zametny) & S (Duga) flank fissures
1650 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
2250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
2950 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone & N outer flank fissure
3250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
3550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone & N outer flank fissure
4450 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
4850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone
5050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone
5250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern outer flank fissure
5450 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone
5800 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone summit and west flank
6000 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone summit and flank
6250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Northern outer flank fissure
6350 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone summit and flank
6550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone summit, outer SW flank
7250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone & S outer flank fissure
8050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone & S outer flank fissure
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Krasheninnikov.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Krasheninnikov.

Photo Gallery

Krasheninnikov is comprised of two overlapping edifices seen here from the north, with both cones topped by 800-m-wide craters. Construction of the northern cone (bottom) began about 6,500 years ago and eventually formed an inner cone within a 2-km-wide crater, the rim of which is visible to the left. The small inner cone of the northern crater was built during an eruption about 400 years ago which also produced a SW-flank lava flow.

Photo courtesy of Anatoli Khrenov, 1989 (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
The 800-m-wide crater of the northern cone of Krasheninnikov is seen here looking west across the crater. An eruption 400 years ago formed the small Pauk cone within this crater, and also produced a lava flow from a vent on the upper SW flank of the southern cone (at left out of view).

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
The northern (bottom) and southern (top) cones at the summit of Krasheninnikov were constructed within a 9-km-wide late-Pleistocene caldera. The southern cone began forming about 11,000 years ago and the northern cone about 6,500 years ago; both have 800-m-wide craters. An eruption about 400 years ago produced the small Pauk cone within the northern crater (lower right).

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
Kronotsky is seen here to the NE of the broad summit of Krasheninnikov in the foreground. The slopes of the largely Pleistocene Kronotsky contain deep erosional valleys and had weak phreatic eruptions during the 20th century. Krasheninnikov has been active throughout the Holocene.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
Kronotsky rises NE of the Kronotsky River, shown across the bottom of the photo. A small cone above the river to the right is one of several on the SW flank. The crater to the lower right is a lake-filled maar that formed at the northern end of a rift zone extending 8 km NNE from Krasheninnikov. The maar erupted along the NE flank of a large Pleistocene caldera inside which Krasheninnikov formed.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
Kronotsky, seen here from the SW, towers above extensively eroded pyroclastic flow deposits. These voluminous deposits were produced by Pleistocene explosive eruptions that resulted in formation of the Uzon and Krasheninnikov calderas. The initial caldera-forming eruption at Uzon dates back to the mid-Pleistocene. A younger caldera formed about 39,000 years ago and was followed shortly by formation of the Krasheninnikov caldera.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: USSR (Kamchatka S)
Publisher: DMA
Country: USSR
Year: 1987
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of USSR (Kamchatka S)

Title: USSR
Publisher: DMA
Country: Kuril-I
Year: 1987
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of USSR

Title: Kamchatsky Peninsula Topo Map
Country: USSR
Year: 1986
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Kamchatsky Peninsula Topo Map

Title: Zhupanovo (in Russian)
Publisher: Soviet Army ?
Country: Kamchatka
Year: 1980
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Zhupanovo (in Russian)

Title: Zhupanovo
Publisher: Soviet Ministry
Country: USSR
Year: 1972
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of Zhupanovo

Title: Zhupanovo
Country: USSR
Year: 1962
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Zhupanovo

Title: Petropavlosk-Kamchatskiy
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: USSR
Year: 1959
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Petropavlosk-Kamchatskiy

Title: Povorotni
Publisher: Soviet Ministry
Country: USSR
Year: 1953
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of Povorotni
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 116543-15 Dacite -- --
External Sites