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Photo of this volcano
  • Canada
  • Garibaldi Volcanic Arc
  • Composite | Stratovolcano
  • 8060 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Province
  • Landform | Volc Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 49.85°N
  • 123°W

  • 2,678 m
    8,786 ft

  • 320200
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports available for Garibaldi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Garibaldi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Garibaldi.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.

8060 BCE ± 500 years Confirmed Eruption VEI: 3 (?)

Episode 1 | Eruption SE flank (Opal Cone)
8060 BCE ± 500 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at SE flank (Opal Cone)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Cinder Cone
8060 BCE ± 500 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Garibaldi.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Garibaldi.

Photo Gallery

Mount Garibaldi, rising above Garibaldi Lake to the north, is a largely Pleistocene stratovolcano with a summit lava dome complex. The volcano was partially constructed over the Cordilleran ice sheet and contains many ice-contact features. Its final eruptions during the early Holocene included lava flows that mantled the western landside scarp and a massive lava flow from Opal Cone, a SE flank vent, that traveled 20 km to the south and west.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1983 (Smithsonian Institution).
The Pleistocene Mount Garibaldi was partially constructed over the Cordilleran ice sheet. Its western face, seen from near Alice Lake, exposes the interior structure of the volcano and resulted from repeated landslides from the steep slope remaining from when the continental ice sheet retreated. The summit peak to the right is Atwell Peak and the rounded peak to the left is Dalton Dome, the source of some of Garibaldi's most recent eruptions.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1976 (Smithsonian Institution).
Mount Garibaldi rises above Howe Sound, 80 km N of Vancouver. The steep-sided peak on the right is the Squamish Chief, a glacially eroded peak of the Coast Range batholith. Garibaldi was constructed during the Pleistocene, partially overriding the Cordilleran ice sheet. Retreat of the ice sheet left the western side of the volcano unsupported, causing many landslides into the Cheakamus River valley.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1976 (Smithsonian Institution).
The Table, the flat-topped ridge in the foreground in front of Mount Garibaldi, is the southernmost vent of the Garibaldi Lake volcanic field. This is a tuya that formed when lava flows filled a pit melted through the continental ice sheet. A series of stacked horizontal lava flows filling the pit formed The Table.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1983 (Smithsonian Institution).
Mount Garibaldi is to the left in the background. In the foreground are glacially eroded granitic rocks of the Coast Range Batholith that extend south to the Mount Seymour area in the foreground, immediately north of the city of Vancouver.

Photo by Lee Siebert (Smithsonian Institution).
GVP Map Holdings

Maps are not currently available due to technical issues.

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 2 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 116136-1 Alkalic Basalt -- --
NMNH 116136-2 Hypersthene Andesite -- --
External Sites