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Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

Weekly Volcanic Activity Map

You are currently viewing Archived reports for the week of 11 September-17 September 2002.


















 Activity for the week of 11 September-17 September 2002

The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.

Name Location Activity
Tangkuban Parahu Western Java (Indonesia) New
Veniaminof United States New

Etna Sicily (Italy) Ongoing
Karymsky Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) Ongoing
Kilauea Hawaiian Islands (USA) Ongoing
Semeru Eastern Java (Indonesia) Ongoing
Sheveluch Central Kamchatka (Russia) Ongoing
Soufriere Hills Montserrat Ongoing
Suwanosejima Ryukyu Islands (Japan) Ongoing
Tungurahua Ecuador Ongoing
Ulawun New Britain (Papua New Guinea) Ongoing


New Activity / Unrest


Volcano index photo  Tangkuban Parahu  | Western Java (Indonesia)  | 6.77°S, 107.6°E  | Elevation 2084 m

On 2 September VSI raised the Alert Level at Tangkubanparahu from 1 to 2 (on a scale of 1-4). The number of daily earthquakes had been increasing for 2 weeks and the temperatures of Domas and Ratu craters were 2-4°C higher than normal. There were no surface changes at the volcano, but several animals from the forest near Ratu crater were found dead in the crater.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)



Volcano index photo  Veniaminof  | United States  | 56.17°N, 159.38°W  | Elevation 2507 m

On 10 September AVO detected 1-minute-long pulses of low-frequency tremor occurring every 2-5 minutes on several seismic stations at Veniaminof. This type of seismicity is indicative of volcanic unrest. Retrospective analysis of seismic data suggested that tremor began as early as 8 September. Through at least 16 September the overall level of seismicity decreased, but remained above background levels. Veniaminof was at Concern Color Code Yellow.

Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)



Ongoing Activity


Volcano index photo  Etna  | Sicily (Italy)  | 37.748°N, 14.999°E  | Elevation 3295 m

During 9-14 September, Strombolian activity continued at Etna's Northeast Crater, with ash and incandescent material being ejected from it. Volcanic bombs ejected vertically to heights of 100-150 m fell within the crater. Low-level ash clouds were visible on satellite imagery.

Sources: Etna Volcan Sicilien (Charles Rivière), Toulouse Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)



Volcano index photo  Karymsky  | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)  | 54.049°N, 159.443°E  | Elevation 1513 m

During 6-13 September, seismicity at Karymsky remained above background levels, with 200-250 local shallow events occurring per day. The character of the seismicity indicated that ash-and-gas explosions rose to ~1 km above the volcano and gas blow-outs possibly occurred. Observations of Karymsky on 8 September revealed three new small lava flows on the volcano's S and SE slopes. A thermal anomaly was visible on satellite imagery, but ash was not. Karymsky remained at Concern Color Code Yellow.

Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)



Volcano index photo  Kilauea  | Hawaiian Islands (USA)  | 19.421°N, 155.287°W  | Elevation 1222 m

During 11-16 September, lava continued to travel SE down Paliuli and Pulama pali, and many surface lava flows were visible on the coastal flat. Lava flowed onto the Wilipe`a bench directly seaward of the end of the Chain of Craters Road. Lava entered the sea at several points on the NE portion of the front of the bench. Generally, seismicity was at normal levels. There were short periods of inflation and deflation at Uwekahuna and Pu`u `O`o.

Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)



Volcano index photo  Semeru  | Eastern Java (Indonesia)  | 8.108°S, 112.922°E  | Elevation 3657 m

On 8 September at 1947 an ash explosion at Semeru was accompanied by ejected incandescent material. The material traveled 150 m E to the upper portion of the Kembar River. During 2-8 September, seismicity was dominated by explosion earthquakes. Semeru remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)



Volcano index photo  Sheveluch  | Central Kamchatka (Russia)  | 56.653°N, 161.36°E  | Elevation 3283 m

During 6-13 September, volcanic and seismic activity at Shiveluch were above background levels. There were eight earthquakes with magnitudes 2-2.2, and many smaller ones. Seismic data indicated possible avalanches and ash-and-gas explosions that may have sent material to 3 km above the lava dome. Volcanic tremor continued to slowly decrease. Short-lived ash-and-gas plumes were observed rising to 3.5 km above the lava dome. Thermal anomalies were visible on satellite imagery during several days, but ash was not. Shiveluch remained at Concern Color Code Yellow.

Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)



Volcano index photo  Soufriere Hills  | Montserrat  | 16.72°N, 62.18°W  | Elevation 915 m

During 6-13 September, activity at Soufrière Hills remained at moderate levels. Growth on the lava-dome complex remained centralized on the E flank, with frequent rockfalls and small pyroclastic flows. At the beginning of the week most of these spilled eastward along the N side of the Tar River Valley, but later in the week activity appeared to refocus northward onto Tuitt's Ghaut. SO2 flux remained at moderate levels. On 11 September a faint ash plume was visible on satellite imagery.

Sources: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)



Volcano index photo  Suwanosejima  | Ryukyu Islands (Japan)  | 29.638°N, 129.714°E  | Elevation 796 m

Activity at Suwanose-jima was relatively low from 26 August until 12 September. On the 12th explosive eruptions began to occur frequently. According to the Suwanose-jima office of Toshima village, rumbling was intermittently heard about 4 km SSW of the summit and small amounts of ash fell. Explosions continued to occur until at least 13 September.

Source: Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) via the Volcano Research Center



Volcano index photo  Tungurahua  | Ecuador  | 1.467°S, 78.442°W  | Elevation 5023 m

Activity at Tungurahua was very low during 9-12 September, with low gas emission (50 tons of SO2 on 12 September) and negligible seismic activity. On the 12th at 1300 a sudden ash emission occurred that marked the onset of a new eruptive phase. A dark ash column reached 1 km above the crater and drifted W. About 1.5 hours later the column turned white and roaring indicated that sustained Strombolian activity was taking place in the crater. Intense Strombolian activity was seen at night, with large amounts of ballistic material being thrown out of the crater and ash falling on the volcano's flanks. SO2 gas emission was relatively high (1,200 tons per day). By the next day activity began to decline; low-level Strombolian activity occurred and 700 tons of SO2 were emitted that day. On the 14th around 0100, long-lived and high-amplitude tremor suddenly started at the volcano. It was followed by an intense explosive phase that began near 1000 and continued through at least the 15th at 2200. During the eruptive episode, continuous gas-and-ash emissions and short-lived Vulcanian explosions occurred. Dark ash plumes occasionally rose 3-4 km above the crater and drifted SW. Large blocks were thrown as high as 700 m above the crater and landed as far as 2 km from the crater. Lava fountaining also occurred.

Sources: Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)



Volcano index photo  Ulawun  | New Britain (Papua New Guinea)  | 5.05°S, 151.33°E  | Elevation 2334 m

On 12 September at 0700 a low-level ash plume located NNW to NNE of Ulawun was visible on satellite imagery. By 1132 the plume was no longer visible.

Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)



Weekly Reports Archive

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Agung Fuego Lewotolo San Cristobal
Ahyi Fujisan Little Sitkin San Miguel
Aira Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba Llaima San Vicente
Akan Galeras Loihi Sangay
Alaid Galunggung Lokon-Empung Sangeang Api
Alu-Dalafilla Gamalama Lopevi Santa Ana
Ambae Gamkonora Machin Santa Maria
Ambang Gaua Makian Sarigan
Ambrym Gorely Makushin Sarychev Peak
Anatahan Great Sitkin Maly Semyachik Saunders
Antillanca Volcanic Complex Grimsvotn Manam Semeru
Antuco Guagua Pichincha Manda Hararo Semisopochnoi
Apoyeque Guallatiri Marapi Seulawah Agam
Arenal Guntur Maroa Sheveluch
Asamayama Hachijojima Martin Shishaldin
Askja Hakoneyama Masaya Simbo
Asosan Heard Mauna Loa Sinabung
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Awu Hokkaido-Komagatake Melimoyu Sirung
Axial Seamount Home Reef Merapi Slamet
Azul, Cerro Hood Midagahara Soputan
Azumayama Huaynaputina Misti, El Sorikmarapi
Bagana Hudson, Cerro Miyakejima Sotara
Balbi Huila, Nevado del Momotombo Soufriere Hills
Bamus Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai Monowai Soufriere St. Vincent
Banda Api Ibu Montagu Island South Sarigan Seamount
Bardarbunga Ijen Moyorodake [Medvezhia] Spurr
Barren Island Iliamna Mutnovsky St. Helens
Batur Iliwerung Myojinsho Stromboli
Bezymianny Inielika Nabro Sulu Range
Bogoslof Ioto Negra, Sierra Sumbing
Brava Irazu Negro, Cerro Sundoro
Bristol Island Iya Nightingale Island Suretamatai
Bulusan Izu-Torishima Nishinoshima Suwanosejima
Calbuco Jackson Segment Nisyros Taal
Callaqui Kaba Novarupta Tair, Jebel at
Cameroon Kadovar NW Rota-1 Takawangha
Campi Flegrei del Mar di Sicilia Kambalny Nyamuragira Talang
Cayambe Kanaga Nyiragongo Tambora
Cereme Kanlaon Okataina Tanaga
Chachadake [Tiatia] Karangetang Okmok Tandikat-Singgalang
Chaiten Karkar Ontakesan Tangkoko-Duasudara
Chiginagak Karthala Oraefajokull Tangkuban Parahu
Chikurachki Karymsky Osorno Tara, Batu
Chiles-Cerro Negro Kasatochi Pacaya Telica
Chillan, Nevados de Katla Pagan Tenerife
Chirinkotan Kavachi Paluweh Tengger Caldera
Chirpoi Kelimutu Panarea Three Sisters
Cleveland Kelut Papandayan Tinakula
Colima Kerinci Parker Tofua
Colo Ketoi Pavlof Tokachidake
Concepcion Kharimkotan Peuet Sague Tolbachik
Copahue Kick 'em Jenny Pinatubo Toliman
Cotopaxi Kikai Planchon-Peteroa Tongariro
Cuicocha Kilauea Poas Tungurahua
Cumbal Kirishimayama Popocatepetl Turrialba
Dabbahu Kizimen Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Ubinas
Dempo Klyuchevskoy Rabaul Ulawun
Descabezado Grande Kolokol Group Raikoke Unknown Source
Dieng Volcanic Complex Korovin Ranakah Unnamed
Dukono Koryaksky Raoul Island Unnamed
Ebeko Krakatau Rasshua Veniaminof
Ebulobo Krummel-Garbuna-Welcker Raung Villarrica
Egon Kuchinoerabujima Redoubt West Mata
Ekarma Kurikomayama Reventador Whakaari/White Island
Epi Kusatsu-Shiranesan Reykjanes Witori
Erebus Kverkfjoll Rincon de la Vieja Wolf
Erta Ale Lamington Rinjani Yasur
Etna Lamongan Ritter Island Zaozan [Zaosan]
Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group] Langila Rotorua Zavodovski
Eyjafjallajokull Lanin Ruang Zhupanovsky
Fernandina Lascar Ruapehu Zubair Group
Fogo Lateiki Ruiz, Nevado del
Fonualei Lengai, Ol Doinyo Sabancaya
Fournaise, Piton de la Leroboleng Sakar
Fourpeaked Lewotobi Salak
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 News Feeds and Google Placemarks


The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website.




The CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management. They are similar in content to the RSS feed, but contain no active links.




A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.

 Criteria & Disclaimers

Criteria

The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:

- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.

Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.

It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.


Disclaimers

1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.

2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.

3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.

4. Many news agencies do not archive the articles they post on the Internet, and therefore the links to some sources may not be active. To obtain information about the cited articles that are no longer available on the Internet contact the source.

5. USGS Disclaimer Statement for this Website:

Information presented on this website is considered public information and may be distributed or copied. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credit is requested. We strongly recommend that USGS data be acquired directly from a USGS server and not through other sources that may change the data in some way. While USGS makes every effort to provide accurate and complete information, various data such as names, telephone numbers, etc. may change prior to updating. USGS welcomes suggestions on how to improve our home page and correct errors. USGS provides no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of furnished data.

Some of the documents on this server may contain live references (or pointers) to information created and maintained by other organizations. Please note that USGS does not control and cannot guarantee the relevance, timeliness, or accuracy of these outside materials.

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URL https://volcano.si.edu/reports_weekly.cfm
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RSS and CAP Feeds

An RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report first made available on 5 March 2008 can be utilized with the aid of various free downloadable readers. The report content of the news feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. On 12 March 2009, GeoRSS tags were added so that the latitude and longitude for each volcano could be included with the feed.

At the end of each individual report is a list of the sources used. We would like to emphasize that the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) website (http://www.wovo.org/) lists the regional volcano observatories that have the most authoritative data for many of these events.

CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management.


Google Earth Placemarks

A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report was first made available on 1 April 2009. This file can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.

 Acronyms and Abbreviations

a.s.l. - above sea level

AVO - Alaska Volcano Observatory

AVHRR - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

CENAPRED - Centro Nacionale de Prevencion de Desastres (México)

CONRED - Coordinadora Nacional para la Reducción de Desastres

COSPEC - Correlation Spectrometer

CVGHM (formerly VSI) - Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

CVO - Cascades Volcano Observatory (USGS)

GMS - Geostationary Meteorological Satellite

GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GVO - Goma Volcano Observatory

GVP - Global Volcanism Program (Smithsonian Institution)

HVO - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (USGS)

ICE - Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (Costa Rica)

IG - Instituto Geofísico (Ecuador)

IGNS - Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (New Zealand) - now GNS Science

INETER - Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (Nicaragua)

INGEMMET - Instituto Geológical Minero y Metalúrgico (Peru)

INGEOMINAS - Instituto Colombiano de Geología y Minería (Colombia)

INGV-CT - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Sezione di Catania (Italy)

INSIVUMEH - Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia e Hidrologia (Guatemala)

IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (France)

JMA - Japanese Meteorological Agency

KEMSD - Kamchatkan Experimental and Methodical Seismilogical Department

KVERT - Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team

M - magnitude

METEOSAT - Meteorological Satellite

MEVO - Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory

MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MVO - Montserrat Volcano Observatory

MWO - Meteorological Watch Office

NEIC - National Earthquake Information Center

NIED - National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (Japan)

NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOTAM - Notice to Airmen

OVDAS - Observatorio Volcanologico de los Andes del Sur (Chile)

OFDA - Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance

ONEMI - Oficina Nacional de Emergencia - Ministerio del Interior (Chile)

OVPDLF - Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (France)

OVSICORI-UNA - Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica)

PHIVOLCS - Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Philippines)

RSAM - Real-time Seismic Amplitude Measurement

RVO - Rabaul Volcano Observatory

SERNAGEOMIN - Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria (Chile)

SIGMET - Significant Meteorological Information

SNET - Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (El Salvador)

SVERT - Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (Russia)

USAID - US Agency for International Development

USGS - United States Geological Survey

UTC - Coordinated Universal Time

VAAC - Volcanic Ash Advisory Center

VAFTAD - Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport And Dispersion

VDAP - Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (USGS)

VHP - Volcano Hazards Program (USGS)

VRC - Volcano Research Center (Japan)