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Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

Weekly Volcanic Activity Map

The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail.

This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed narratives on various volcanoes are published as reports of the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.

Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for the week of 21 July-27 July 2004
Name Location Eruption Start Date Report Status
Egon Flores Island (Indonesia) New
Galeras Colombia New
Lewotolo Lomblen Island (Indonesia) 2020 Nov 27 New
Spurr United States New
Anatahan Mariana Islands (USA) Continuing
Fuego Guatemala 2002 Jan 4 Continuing
Kilauea Hawaiian Islands (USA) 2020 Dec 20 Continuing
Mayon Luzon (Philippines) Continuing
Nyiragongo DR Congo 2002 May 17 (?) Continuing
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 Continuing
Soufriere Hills Montserrat Continuing
Tungurahua Ecuador Continuing
Veniaminof United States Continuing
Weekly Reports Archive

Since the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report began in November 2000, there have been 16,408 individual reports over 1,051 weeks (average of 16 per week) on 309 different volcanoes.

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Agung Concepcion Ibu Lewotobi Papandayan Sorikmarapi
Ahyi Copahue Ijen Lewotolo Parker Sotara
Aira Cotopaxi Iliamna Little Sitkin Pavlof Soufriere Hills
Akan Cuicocha Iliwerung Llaima Pelee Soufriere St. Vincent
Alaid Cumbal Inielika Loihi Peuet Sague South Sarigan Seamount
Alu-Dalafilla Dabbahu Ioto Lokon-Empung Pinatubo Spurr
Ambae Dempo Irazu Lopevi Planchon-Peteroa St. Helens
Ambang Descabezado Grande Iya Machin Poas Stromboli
Ambrym Dieng Volcanic Complex Izu-Torishima Makian Popocatepetl Sulu Range
Anatahan Dukono Jackson Segment Makushin Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Sumbing
Antillanca Volcanic Complex Ebeko Kaba Maly Semyachik Rabaul Sundoro
Antuco Ebulobo Kadovar Manam Raikoke Suretamatai
Apoyeque Egon Kambalny Manda Hararo Ranakah Suwanosejima
Arenal Ekarma Kanaga Marapi Raoul Island Taal
Asamayama Epi Kanlaon Maroa Rasshua Tair, Jebel at
Askja Erebus Karangetang Martin Raung Takawangha
Asosan Erta Ale Karkar Masaya Redoubt Talang
Augustine Etna Karthala Maule, Laguna del Reventador Tambora
Avachinsky Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group] Karymsky Mauna Loa Reykjanes Tanaga
Awu Eyjafjallajokull Kasatochi Mayon Rincon de la Vieja Tandikat-Singgalang
Axial Seamount Fernandina Katla McDonald Islands Rinjani Tangkoko-Duasudara
Azul, Cerro Fogo Katmai Melimoyu Ritter Island Tangkuban Parahu
Azumayama Fonualei Kavachi Merapi Rotorua Tara, Batu
Bagana Fournaise, Piton de la Kelimutu Midagahara Ruang Telica
Balbi Fourpeaked Kelut Misti, El Ruapehu Tenerife
Bamus Fuego Kerinci Miyakejima Ruiz, Nevado del Tengger Caldera
Banda Api Fujisan Ketoi Momotombo Sabancaya Three Sisters
Bardarbunga Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba Kharimkotan Monowai Sakar Tinakula
Barren Island Galeras Kick 'em Jenny Montagu Island Salak Tofua
Batur Galunggung Kikai Moyorodake [Medvezhia] San Cristobal Tokachidake
Bezymianny Gamalama Kilauea Mutnovsky San Miguel Tolbachik
Bogoslof Gamkonora Kirishimayama Myojinsho San Vicente Toliman
Brava Gaua Kizimen Nabro Sangay Tongariro
Bristol Island Gorely Klyuchevskoy Negra, Sierra Sangeang Api Tungurahua
Bulusan Great Sitkin Kolokol Group Negro, Cerro Santa Ana Turrialba
Calbuco Grimsvotn Korovin Nightingale Island Santa Maria Ubinas
Callaqui Guagua Pichincha Koryaksky Nishinoshima Sarigan Ulawun
Cameroon Guallatiri Krakatau Nisyros Sarychev Peak Unnamed
Campi Flegrei del Mar di Sicilia Guntur Krummel-Garbuna-Welcker Novarupta Saunders Unnamed
Cayambe Hachijojima Krysuvik NW Rota-1 Semeru Veniaminof
Cereme Hakoneyama Kuchinoerabujima Nyamuragira Semisopochnoi Villarrica
Chachadake [Tiatia] Heard Kurikomayama Nyiragongo Seulawah Agam West Mata
Chaiten Hekla Kusatsu-Shiranesan Okataina Sheveluch Westdahl
Chiginagak Helgrindur Kverkfjoll Okmok Shishaldin Whakaari/White Island
Chikurachki Hierro Lamington Ontakesan Simbo Witori
Chiles-Cerro Negro Hokkaido-Komagatake Lamongan Oraefajokull Sinabung Wolf
Chillan, Nevados de Home Reef Langila Osorno Sinarka Yasur
Chirinkotan Hood Lanin Pacaya Siple Zaozan [Zaosan]
Chirpoi Huaynaputina Lascar Pagan Sirung Zavodovski
Cleveland Hudson, Cerro Lateiki Palena Volcanic Group Slamet Zhupanovsky
Colima Huila, Nevado del Lengai, Ol Doinyo Paluweh Snaefellsjokull Zubair Group
Colo Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai Leroboleng Panarea Soputan
 News Feeds and Google Placemarks


Download Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network RSS Feed

The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. At the end of each report is a list of the sources used. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. This feature was first made available on 5 March 2008.



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Download Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network Link Download Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network Link

A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano profile page and to the complete Weekly Report for that week. This feature was first made available on 1 April 2009.

 Criteria & Disclaimers

Criteria



The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:

- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.

Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.

It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.

Disclaimers



1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.

2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.

3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.

4. Many news agencies do not archive the articles they post on the Internet, and therefore the links to some sources may not be active. To obtain information about the cited articles that are no longer available on the Internet contact the source.

5. USGS Disclaimer Statement for this Website:

Information presented on this website is considered public information and may be distributed or copied. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credit is requested. We strongly recommend that USGS data be acquired directly from a USGS server and not through other sources that may change the data in some way. While USGS makes every effort to provide accurate and complete information, various data such as names, telephone numbers, etc. may change prior to updating. USGS welcomes suggestions on how to improve our home page and correct errors. USGS provides no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of furnished data.

Some of the documents on this server may contain live references (or pointers) to information created and maintained by other organizations. Please note that USGS does not control and cannot guarantee the relevance, timeliness, or accuracy of these outside materials.

For site security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, this government computer system employs software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, or otherwise cause damage. Unauthorized attempts to upload information or change information on this website are strictly prohibited and may be punishable under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 and the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act. Information may also be used for authorized law enforcement investigations. (Last modified September 21, 1999.)

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA
URL: https://volcano.si.edu/reports_weekly.cfm

 Acronyms and Abbreviations

a.s.l. - above sea level

AVO - Alaska Volcano Observatory

AVHRR - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

CENAPRED - Centro Nacionale de Prevencion de Desastres (México)

CONRED - Coordinadora Nacional para la Reducción de Desastres

COSPEC - Correlation Spectrometer

CVGHM (formerly VSI) - Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

CVO - Cascades Volcano Observatory (USGS)

GMS - Geostationary Meteorological Satellite

GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GVO - Goma Volcano Observatory

GVP - Global Volcanism Program (Smithsonian Institution)

HVO - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (USGS)

ICE - Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (Costa Rica)

IG - Instituto Geofísico (Ecuador)

IGNS - Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (New Zealand) - now GNS Science

INETER - Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (Nicaragua)

INGEMMET - Instituto Geológical Minero y Metalúrgico (Peru)

INGEOMINAS - Instituto Colombiano de Geología y Minería (Colombia)

INGV-CT - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Sezione di Catania (Italy)

INSIVUMEH - Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia e Hidrologia (Guatemala)

IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (France)

JMA - Japanese Meteorological Agency

KEMSD - Kamchatkan Experimental and Methodical Seismilogical Department

KVERT - Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team

M - magnitude

METEOSAT - Meteorological Satellite

MEVO - Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory

MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MVO - Montserrat Volcano Observatory

MWO - Meteorological Watch Office

NEIC - National Earthquake Information Center

NIED - National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (Japan)

NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOTAM - Notice to Airmen

OVDAS - Observatorio Volcanologico de los Andes del Sur (Chile)

OFDA - Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance

ONEMI - Oficina Nacional de Emergencia - Ministerio del Interior (Chile)

OVPDLF - Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (France)

OVSICORI-UNA - Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica)

PHIVOLCS - Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Philippines)

RSAM - Real-time Seismic Amplitude Measurement

RVO - Rabaul Volcano Observatory

SERNAGEOMIN - Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria (Chile)

SIGMET - Significant Meteorological Information

SNET - Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (El Salvador)

SVERT - Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (Russia)

USAID - US Agency for International Development

USGS - United States Geological Survey

UTC - Coordinated Universal Time

VAAC - Volcanic Ash Advisory Center

VAFTAD - Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport And Dispersion

VDAP - Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (USGS)

VHP - Volcano Hazards Program (USGS)

VRC - Volcano Research Center (Japan)

Report for Egon
According to DVGHM, an eruption began at Egon on 25 July at 2240, consisting of loud rumbling sounds, a strong sulfur scent, and explosions that rose to 1-1.5 km above the summit. A thick, black plume drifted NNW from the volcano. Interpretations of seismic data revealed that the eruption lasted about 2.5 hours. According to the Darwin VAAC, a plume was visible on satellite imagery. DVGHM reported that about 630 residents near Egon self evacuated from the villages of Egon, Nangatobong, and Itoper. According to a news article, about 1,400 people evacuated. At 1500 on 26 July seismographs recorded nearly continuous explosions produced plumes to ~250 m above the volcano.
Sources: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM), Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), Agence France-Presse (AFP)
Report for Galeras
Based on information from IG, the Washington VAAC reported that an activity increase at Galeras during several days prior to 24 July consisted of emissions that rose ~600 m above the volcano's summit. Ash was not visible on satellite imagery. According to a news report, a wide area around the volcano was declared off limits to visitors.
Sources: Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC), Associated Press
Report for Lewotolo
A pilot reported that a thin plume emitted from Lewotolo was at a height of ~300 m above the summit on 25 July. Ash was not visible on satellite imagery.
Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
Report for Spurr
AVO raised the Concern Color Code at Spurr from Green to Yellow on 26 July after an increase in seismicity was recorded beneath the volcano's summit. Some earthquakes were interpreted to reflect the beginning stages of volcanic unrest. AVO noted that there were no indications that an eruption was imminent and that this type of seismicity can decline without leading to an eruption.

Retrospective analysis suggested that the seismic increase began slowly, perhaps as early as February 2004. As of 26 July, the seismic network recorded 15-20 earthquakes daily. This rate was greater than any observed since the last eruptive period in 1992. All earthquakes were less than magnitude 1.5 and ranged in depth between 1 and 6 km below sea level. Relatively few earthquakes were located beneath the Crater Peak vent, the site of the 1953 and 1992 eruptions. On 11 July a pilot reported a strong sulfur smell from Spurr and a new area of steaming, but AVO scientists observed neither during an overflight on 15 July.
Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)
Report for Anatahan
Seismicity at Anatahan approached the highest levels of the year on 23 July. That day, Strombolian explosions frequently threw mostly coarse material up to hundreds of meters at intervals of tens of seconds to minutes. On 26 July, there were nearly continuous ash-and-gas emissions. By 27 July, seismicity had decreased to very low levels in comparison to the previous 2 months, and seismic signals indicated that the frequent individual explosions that occurred during the previous week decreased greatly in size and number.
Sources: Emergency Management Office of the Commonwealth of the Mariana Islands and United States Geological Survey Volcano Hazards Program, Hello Pacific News
Report for Fuego
A series of strong explosions at Fuego on 21 July during 0630-0950 produced ash plumes to a height of ~2 km above the volcano. Plumes traveled W, SW, and S, depositing ash in several villages near the volcano. Small incandescent avalanches of volcanic material traveled to the mouths of several ravines. Ash emissions and avalanches continued through 27 July.
Source: Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH)
Report for Kilauea
Several surface lava flows were visible at Kilauea during 22-26 July, and all vents in the crater of Pu`u `O`o were incandescent. Seismicity was weak beneath Kilauea's summit and tremor at Pu`u `O`o was at moderate-to-high levels. During 22-25 July, deflation occurred at Pu`u `O`o.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
Report for Mayon
According to a news article, during the week of 18 July emissions from Mayon deposited ash on two villages near the volcano. Reportedly, a PHIVOLCS scientist stated that the explosions may have occurred due to water contacting hot rocks.
Source: Associated Press
Report for Nyiragongo
According to the Toulouse VAAC, an eruption began at Nyiragongo sometime before 0700 on 27 July. Satellite imagery showed that the plume produced from the eruption rose to between 3.6 and 4.9 km a.s.l.
Source: Toulouse Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
Report for Santa Maria
During 21-27 July, weak-to-moderate explosions from Santa María's Santiaguito lava-dome complex produced plumes to heights ~700 m above the volcano. During the report period, several avalanches of volcanic material traveled SW down Caliente cone.
Sources: Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Soufriere Hills
Volcanic and seismic activity at Soufrière Hills remained at low levels during 16-23 July. The seismic network recorded seven hybrid earthquakes and seven rockfalls. No long-period events or volcano-tectonic earthquakes were recorded. The sulfur-dioxide flux on 16 and 23 July was 170 and 400 metric tons per day, respectively.
Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)
Report for Tungurahua
During 25-26 July, volcanic and seismic activity were at low levels at Tungurahua. A few sporadic long-period earthquakes were related to small emissions from the volcano. Inclement weather prohibited observations of the emissions.
Sources: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Veniaminof
Small steam-and-ash emissions were accompanied by periods of volcanic tremor at Veniaminof during 16-23 July. On 22 July at 1229, an AVO field crew witnessed a small ash burst rise a few hundred meters above the summit of the intracaldera cone. This type of activity prevailed at Veniaminof during the previous 3 months. During periods of repose in the report week, the cone produced variable amounts of white steam from at least two separate craters near its top. The snow-and-ice field over much of the caldera was covered with a discontinuous, 1- to 2-mm thick ash blanket. Veniaminof remained at Concern Color Code Yellow.
Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)