Activity for the week of 9 May-15 May 2007
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.
New Activity / Unrest
| Central Kamchatka (Russia)
| 55.972°N, 160.595°E
| Elevation 2882 m
KVERT reported on 11 May that the level of Concern Color Code for Bezymianny was raised to Orange due to a large thermal anomaly noted on satellite imagery. During 0330-0400 on 12 May, an explosive eruption may have occurred according to seismic data from Kozyrevsk. Ash plumes were visible on satellite imagery drifting multiple directions. Ashfall was reported from the town of Klyuchi, about 47 km NE. A slight amount of the ash originated from Kliuchevskoi, an active volcano directly N of Bezymianny. Hot avalanches were observed and an ash plume rose to an altitude of 4 km (13,100 ft) a.s.l. On 13 May, an elongated thermal anomaly was seen on satellite imagery to the SE of the lava dome.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
| Komba Island (Indonesia)
| 7.791°S, 123.585°E
| Elevation 633 m
Based on satellite imagery and information from CVGHM, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 10-12 May, diffuse ash plumes from Batu Tara rose to an altitude of 1.5 km (5,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W.
Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
| Luzon (Philippines)
| 12.769°N, 124.056°E
| Elevation 1535 m
PHIVOLCS reported that an explosion from Bulusan on 12 May produced an ash plume that rose to an altitude of 5.6 km (18,400 ft) a.s.l. and drifted WSW and WNW. The activity was accompanied by rumbling sounds and was recorded by the seismic network as an explosion-type earthquake that lasted about 35 minutes. An increase in seismicity was noted during 9-12 May. Ashfall (trace-2 mm thick) was reported in 11 barangays from the municipalities of Irosin and Juban.
Source: Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS)
| Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)
| 54.049°N, 159.443°E
| Elevation 1513 m
Seismic activity at Karymsky was above background levels during 4-11 May. No thermal anomalies and ash plumes were seen on satellite imagery. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
| Hawaiian Islands (USA)
| 19.421°N, 155.287°W
| Elevation 1222 m
During 9-15 May, lava from Kilauea continued to flow SE across a lava delta into the ocean at the Kamokuna entry. Incandescence was visible from several vents in the Pu'u 'O'o crater and from breakouts on, above, and at the base of the Pulama pali fault scarp. Earthquake activity was scattered at the S edge of the summit, upper E rift zone between Puhimau and Pauahi craters, and S-flank areas. On 10 May, approximately 6.5 hectares (16 acres) of the East Lae'apuki bench collapsed, starting from the E-side and moving progressively westward. Each section of collapse generated a steam plume, occasionally blackened with rock dust, which rose to about 0.1-0.3 km (200-1,000 ft) a.s.l. The plumes resulted from the explosive interaction between seawater and incandescent rock exposed immediately after each section collapsed. On 11 May, HVO scientists surveyed the collapse and mapped cracks inland of the sea cliff. Rock fragments covered a 1.2 hectare (3 acre) area.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
| Central Kamchatka (Russia)
| 56.056°N, 160.642°E
| Elevation 4754 m
KVERT reported that during 4-11 May, seismic activity at Kliuchevskoi continued above background levels and a thermal anomaly in the crater was detected on satellite imagery. Lava flows continued to advance on the NW flank. Phreatic activity and ash plumes from lava-flow fronts were noted. Gas-and-steam plumes containing ash rose to altitudes of 6.7 km (22,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted N during 4-7 May. Ash plumes were seen on satellite imagery drifting NE, NW, W, and E during the reporting period. Ashfall was reported on 4 May and explosions were heard during 3-6 May in the town of Klyuchi, about 30 km to the NE. Based on information from KEMSD and satellite imagery, the Tokyo VAAC reported that on 11 May ash plumes rose to altitudes of 7.6 km (25,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SE and E. On 12 May, the Anchorage VAAC reported that ash plumes were visible on satellite imagery. On 15 May, the Tokyo VAAC reported that an eruption plume was possibly seen on satellite imagery to an altitude of 5.2 km (17,000 ft) a.s.l. drifting N. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC), Anchorage Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Nevado del Huila
| 2.93°N, 76.03°W
| Elevation 5364 m
Based on satellite imagery, the Washington VAAC reported that on 14 May an ash plume from Nevado del Huila drifted SW and dissipated. INGEOMINAS reported that seismicity was possibly related to an ash emission.
Sources: Servicio Geológico Colombiano (SGC), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| 14.757°N, 91.552°W
| Elevation 3745 m
Based on satellite imagery, the Washington VAAC reported that ash plumes from Santa María's Santiaguito lava dome complex drifted S on 9 May. INSIVUMEH reported on 10 May that rain caused landslides S down the Nimá Primero river, near the Observatory Vulcanológico de Santiaguito (OVSAN), about 5 km S of the lava dome. Explosions from Caliente dome during 10-11 and 14 May produced gas-and-ash plumes that rose to altitudes of 4.4-5.3 km (14,400-17,400 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SW and E. Ashfall was reported from areas S and SW on 10 May. Avalanches of blocks and ash from the SW edge of Caliente dome were observed on 14 May.
Sources: Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| Central Kamchatka (Russia)
| 56.653°N, 161.36°E
| Elevation 3283 m
KVERT reported that seismic activity at Shiveluch continued above background levels during 4-11 May. Based on seismic interpretation, observation, and video data, ash plumes possibly rose to altitudes of 6-7 km (19,700-23,000 ft) a.s.l. throughout the reporting period. Plumes were seen on satellite imagery drifting E on 5 and 7 May and a thermal anomaly was present during 4-11 May. Gas-and-steam activity was noted during 4-7 May. Visual and video data revealed hot avalanches originating from the lava dome during 4 and 6-7 May. Based on information from the KEMSD, the Tokyo VAAC reported that ash plumes rose to altitude of 5.8-8.2 km (19,000-27,000 ft) a.s.l. during 9-11 May. An ash plume was possibly seen on satellite imagery to an altitude of 4.9 km (16,000 ft) a.s.l. drifting NW on 15 May. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| 16.72°N, 62.18°W
| Elevation 915 m
Based on visual observations, MVO reported that during 4-11 May lava-dome growth at Soufrière Hills likely ceased and the overall structure of the dome changed very little. Rockfall activity continued. The Alert Level remained at 4 (on a scale of 0-5).
Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)
| United States
| 46.2°N, 122.18°W
| Elevation 2549 m
Data from deformation-monitoring instruments indicated that during 9-15 May lava-dome growth at Mount St. Helens continued. Seismicity persisted at low levels, punctuated by M 1.5-2.5, and occasionally larger, earthquakes. In some instances, clouds inhibited visual observations.
Source: US Geological Survey Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO)
| 1.467°S, 78.442°W
| Elevation 5023 m
During 9-12 and 14 May, IG reported that ash plumes were visible from Tungurahua and rose to an altitude of 5.1 km (16,700ft) a.s.l. during 11-12 May. Plumes drifted W and NW. Ashfall was reported on 9 May in areas about 8 km to the SW and W and trace ashfall was reported about 30 km NW in Ambato. Incandescence at the summit was noted that evening. Ashfall was also reported on 10, 11, and 14 May from areas NW, SW, and W; on 11 May, the ashfall was red in color. Lahars and muddy waters that traveled into the Pampas sector and in NW ravines blocked the Baños-Penipe highway during the morning of 10 May. Muddy waters traveled in W ravines on 12 May and SW ravines on 14 May.
Source: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG)
| 16.355°S, 70.903°W
| Elevation 5672 m
Based on pilot reports and satellite imagery, the Buenos Aires VAAC reported that on 12 and 15 May ash plumes from Ubinas rose to altitudes of 5.5-8.2 km (18,000-27,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SE and N, respectively.
Source: Buenos Aires Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Criteria & Disclaimers
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:
- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.
Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.
It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.
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