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Harrat Ash Shaam

Photo of this volcano
  • Syria-Jordan-Saudi Arabia
  • Middle East and Indian Ocean
  • Volcanic field
  • 1850 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 32.333°N
  • 37.583°E

  • 1100 m
    3609 ft

  • 231001
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Harrat Ash Shaam.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Ash Shaam.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harrat Ash Shaam.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 2 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1850 ± 10 years Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Jabal Druse
2670 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Kra lava field
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Harrat Ash Shaam.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Harrat Ash Shaam.

Photo Gallery

The Golan Heights basaltic volcanic field lies NE of Lake Tiberius (Sea of Galilee) in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains of SW Syria near the borders with Lebanon and Israel. Lake Tiberius, whose surface lies below sea level, is at the upper left in this NASA Space Shuttle image (N is to the upper right). The volcanic field contains 56 scoria cones of Pliocene-to-Holocene age and includes the prehistoric cone of Majdel Shams in the Golan Heights.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS060-97-24, 1994 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
The dark-colored lava flows in this NASA International Space Station image (N to the left) lie at the south end of the Es Safa volcanic field. This basaltic field (also referred to as As Safa), lies SE of the capital city of Damascas (Dimashq) and contains at least 38 scoria cones. A lava lake was observed in the Es Safa volcanic area in the middle of the 19th century. This volcanic field lies within the northern part of the massive alkaline Harrat Ash Shaam volcanic field that extends from southern Syria to Saudi Arabia.

NASA International Space Station image ISS007-E-8414, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
Snow-capped Tell Qeni is the highest point of the Jabal ad Druze volcanic field, the southernmost in Syria. It lies in the Haurun-Druze Plateau in SW Syria near the border with Jordan. The field consists of a group of 118 basaltic volcanoes active from the lower-Pleistocene to the Holocene.

Anonymous photo by Wikipedia user KFZI310, 2006.
The 100,000 km2 Harrat Ash Shaam volcanic field extends from the NW corner to the SE corner of this February 2021 Planet Labs satellite image monthly mosaic (N is at the top; this image is approximately 480 km across). The Harrat contains several volcanic fields including Al Harrah, Jabal ad Druze, Es Safa, Golan Heights, and the Kra Lava Field.

Satellite image courtesy of Planet Labs, 2021.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Turyaf Quad (31C) and part of the An Nabk Quad (31B), Geol Map of
Publisher: Saudi Arabia Min. of Petrol. and Mineral Resources
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1987
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Turyaf Quad (31C) and part of the An Nabk Quad (31B), Geol Map of

Title: Geographic Map of the Arabian Peninsula
Publisher: Dept Min for Mineral Resources, MPMR, Saudi Arabia
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1984
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Geographic Map of the Arabian Peninsula

Title: Syria, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Mid-E
Year: 1982
Series: ONC
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Syria, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon

Title: Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia
Publisher: DMA, copyright HMSO London 1982
Country: S Arabia, Mid East
Year: 1982
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia

Title: Arabian Peninsula
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: Arabia
Year: 1963
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Arabian Peninsula

Title: Persian Gulf
Publisher: Aeronautical Chart and Information Center U.S. Air Force
Country: Arabia
Year: 1958
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Persian Gulf
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Harrat Ash Shaam in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites