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Harrat Ash Shaam

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Province
  • Landform | Volc Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 32.333°N
  • 37.583°E

  • 1,100 m
    3,609 ft

  • 231001
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports available for Harrat Ash Shaam.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Ash Shaam.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harrat Ash Shaam.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.

[ 1850 ± 10 years ] Discredited Eruption

The CAVW noted that: "The volcanic region es Safa...consists of lava flows that emanated from a series of craters and low walls. In the middle of the 19th century in one of [the craters] WETZSTEIN (KRENKEL, 1925) found 'a boiling lava lake, the level of which rose and sank'. DUBERTRET (1929, p. 40) however said, that volcanic activity in this region is completely extinguished." Camp et al. (1987) showed an 1850 CE eruption from Jabal Druse on a regional map, which seems to be a reference to this Es Safa activity.

2670 BCE ± 200 years Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Kra lava field
2670 BCE ± 200 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (calibrated)

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at Kra lava field

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Property Damage
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Harrat Ash Shaam.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Harrat Ash Shaam.

Photo Gallery

The Golan Heights basaltic volcanic field lies NE of Lake Tiberius (Sea of Galilee) in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains of SW Syria near the borders with Lebanon and Israel. Lake Tiberius, whose surface lies below sea level, is at the upper left in this NASA Space Shuttle image (N is to the upper right). The volcanic field contains 56 scoria cones of Pliocene-to-Holocene age and includes the prehistoric cone of Majdel Shams in the Golan Heights.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS060-97-24, 1994 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
The dark-colored lava flows in this NASA International Space Station image (N to the left) lie at the south end of the Es Safa volcanic field. This basaltic field (also referred to as As Safa), lies SE of the capital city of Damascas (Dimashq) and contains at least 38 scoria cones. This volcanic field lies within the northern part of the massive alkaline Harrat Ash Shaam volcanic field that extends from southern Syria to Saudi Arabia.

NASA International Space Station image ISS007-E-8414, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
Snow-capped Tell Qeni is the highest point of the Jabal ad Druze volcanic field, the southernmost in Syria. It lies in the Haurun-Druze Plateau in SW Syria near the border with Jordan. The field consists of a group of 118 basaltic volcanoes active from the lower-Pleistocene to the Holocene.

Anonymous photo by Wikipedia user KFZI310, 2006.
The 100,000 km2 Harrat Ash Shaam volcanic field extends from the NW corner to the SE corner of this February 2021 Planet Labs satellite image monthly mosaic (N is at the top; this image is approximately 480 km across). The Harrat contains several volcanic fields including Al Harrah, Jabal ad Druze, Es Safa, Golan Heights, and the Kra Lava Field.

Satellite image courtesy of Planet Labs Inc., 2021 (https://www.planet.com/).
GVP Map Holdings

Maps are not currently available due to technical issues.

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Harrat Ash Shaam in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites