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Usulután

Photo of this volcano
  • El Salvador
  • México and Central America
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 13.419°N
  • 88.471°W

  • 1449 m
    4754 ft

  • 343081
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Usulután.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Usulután.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Usulután.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Usulután. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Usulután page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Usulután.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Usulután.

Photo Gallery

Usulután (right) is at the SE end of a cluster of volcanoes west of San Miguel volcano. La Manita (left) a small cone to the NE of Usulután on the flank of El Tigre has also been mapped as Holocene in age, along with Cerro Nanzal, a cone on the SE flank of Usulután.

Photo by Kristal Dorion, 1994 (U.S. Geological Survey).
A large 1.3 km wide valley on the eastern flank of Usulután volcano is seen here from the flanks of Chinameca to its NE, with the Pacific Ocean in the distance to the left.

Photo by Carlos Pullinger, 1996 (Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales, El Salvador).
Four volcanoes of the 40-km-long Sierra Tecapa range rise to the NE above the Pacific coastal plain. From left to right are Volcán Taburete, El Tigre, Usulután, and San Miguel,

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
Usulután rises above the Pacific coastal plain at the SE end of a cluster of volcanoes between San Vicente and San Miguel. Several valleys have formed on the flanks of, including the one seen in this view of the SW flank. The rounded peak to the left is Cerro Oromontique on the flank of El Tigre volcano.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
Usulután is part of a cluster of volcanoes north of the Pacific coastal plain between San Vicente and San Miguel, seen here from the SSW. Cerro Oromontique, the small peak to the left, formed on the flank of El Tigre. Relatively young lava flows are on the southern flank.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
An E-W-trending chain of volcanoes extends about30 km across eastern El Salvador. The 2-km-wide Laguna Seca el Pacayal caldera is a prominent feature of Chinameca volcano. San Miguel is one of El Salvador's most active volcanoes; the dark area at the lower right is a lava flow from the 1819 eruption. The city of San Miguel is to the upper right.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS61C-31-47, 1986 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
Usulután is the eroded volcano in the center of this November 2019 Planet Labs satellite image monthly mosaic (N is at the top; this image is approximately 12 km across). The eroded flank in the NE corner is El Tigre and the small cone between them is La Manita.

Satellite image courtesy of Planet Labs, 2019.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Mapa Geologico Minero de La Republica de Nicaragua
Publisher: INETER, Instituto Nicaraguense de Estudios Terriroriales
Country: Nicaragua
Year: 1995
Series: Mapa geologico
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Mapa Geologico Minero de La Republica de Nicaragua

Title: Mapa Geologico Minero de La Republica de Nicaragua
Publisher: INETER, Instituto Nicaraguense de Estudios Terriroriales
Country: Nicaragua
Year: 1995
Series: Mapa geologico
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Mapa Geologico Minero de La Republica de Nicaragua

Title: Bath of Gulf of Mexico & Caribbean Sea
Publisher: AAPG, Williams & Heintz Map Corp.
Country: US/ C.Am/ S.Am
Year: 1984
Map Type: Bathymetric
Scale: 1:3,289
Map of Bath of Gulf of Mexico & Caribbean Sea

Title: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: NW C Am (GU ES HO)
Year: 1982
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Usulután in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites