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Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

Weekly Volcanic Activity Map

The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday and averaging 16 reported volcanoes, this is not a comprehensive list of all eruptions this week, but rather a summary of activity that meet criteria discussed in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section below.

Volcanic activity reported here is preliminary and subject to change. Carefully reviewed, detailed narratives over longer time periods are published as reports of the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network available through volcano profile pages.

Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for the week of 26 May-1 June 2004
Name Location Eruption Start Date Report Status
Anatahan Mariana Islands (USA) Continuing
Bagana Bougainville (Papua New Guinea) 2000 Feb 28 (in or before) Continuing
Colima Mexico Continuing
Dukono Halmahera 1933 Aug 13 Continuing
Fuego South-Central Guatemala 2002 Jan 4 Continuing
Kikai Ryukyu Islands (Japan) Continuing
Kilauea Hawaiian Islands (USA) 2021 Sep 29 Continuing
Nyamulagira DR Congo 2018 Apr 18 Continuing
Nyiragongo DR Congo 2002 May 17 (?) Continuing
Popocatepetl Mexico 2005 Jan 9 Continuing
Santa Maria Southwestern Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 Continuing
Sheveluch Central Kamchatka (Russia) 1999 Aug 15 Continuing
Shishaldin Fox Islands (USA) Continuing
Soufriere Hills Montserrat Continuing
Tungurahua Ecuador Continuing
Veniaminof Alaska Peninsula, Alaska Continuing
All times are local unless otherwise stated.
Weekly Reports Archive

Since the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report began in November 2000, there have been 18,056 individual reports over 1,128 weeks (average of 16 per week) on 323 different volcanoes.

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Use the dropdowns to choose the year and week for archived Weekly Reports.

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Agung Copahue Ijen Lewotolok Pinatubo Spurr
Ahyi Cotopaxi Iliamna Little Sitkin Planchon-Peteroa St. Helens
Aira Cuicocha Iliwerung Llaima Poas Stromboli
Akan Cumbal Inielika Lokon-Empung Popocatepetl Sulu Range
Alaid Dabbahu Ioto Lonquimay Purace Sumbing
Alu-Dalafilla Davidof Irazu Lopevi Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Sundoro
Ambae Dempo Iya Machin Rabaul Suretamatai
Ambang Descabezado Grande Izu-Torishima Makushin Raikoke Suwanosejima
Ambrym Dieng Volcanic Complex Jackson Segment Maly Semyachik Ranakah Taal
Anatahan Dukono Kaba Manam Raoul Island Tair, Jebel at
Aniakchak Ebeko Kadovar Manda Hararo Rasshua Takawangha
Antillanca Volcanic Complex Ebulobo Kama'ehuakanaloa Marapi Raung Talang
Antuco Edgecumbe Kambalny Maroa Redoubt Tambora
Apoyeque Egon Kanaga Martin Reventador Tanaga
Arenal Ekarma Kanlaon Masaya Reykjanes Tandikat-Singgalang
Asamayama Epi Karangetang Maule, Laguna del Rincon de la Vieja Tangkoko-Duasudara
Askja Erebus Karkar Mauna Loa Rinjani Tangkuban Parahu
Asosan Erta Ale Karthala Mayon Ritter Island Tara, Batu
Atka Volcanic Complex Etna Karymsky McDonald Islands Rotorua Ta'u
Augustine Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group] Kasatochi Melimoyu Ruang Telica
Avachinsky Eyjafjallajokull Katla Merapi Ruapehu Tenerife
Awu Fernandina Katmai Midagahara Ruiz, Nevado del Tengger Caldera
Axial Seamount Fogo Kavachi Misti, El Sabancaya Three Sisters
Azul, Cerro Fonualei Kelimutu Miyakejima Sakar Tinakula
Azumayama Fournaise, Piton de la Kelud Momotombo Salak Tofua
Bagana Fourpeaked Kerinci Monowai San Cristobal Tokachidake
Balbi Fuego Ketoi Montagu Island San Miguel Tolbachik
Bamus Fujisan Kharimkotan Moyorodake [Medvezhia] San Vicente Toliman
Banda Api Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba Kick 'em Jenny Mutnovsky Sangay Tongariro
Bardarbunga Galeras Kie Besi Myojinsho Sangeang Api Tungurahua
Barren Island Galunggung Kikai Nabro Santa Ana Turrialba
Batur Gamalama Kilauea Negra, Sierra Santa Maria Ubinas
Bezymianny Gamkonora Kirishimayama Negro, Cerro Sao Jorge Ugashik-Peulik
Bogoslof Gareloi Kita-Ioto Nightingale Island Sarigan Ukinrek Maars
Brava Gaua Kizimen Nishinoshima Sarychev Peak Ulawun
Bristol Island Gorely Klyuchevskoy Nisyros Saunders Unnamed
Bulusan Great Sitkin Kolokol Group Novarupta Savo Unnamed
Calbuco Grimsvotn Koryaksky NW Rota-1 Semeru Veniaminof
Callaqui Guagua Pichincha Krakatau Nyamulagira Semisopochnoi Villarrica
Cameroon Guallatiri Krummel-Garbuna-Welcker Nyiragongo Seulawah Agam Vulcano
Campi Flegrei del Mar di Sicilia Guntur Krysuvik-Trolladyngja Okataina Sheveluch West Mata
Cayambe Hachijojima Kuchinoerabujima Okmok Shishaldin Westdahl
Chachadake [Tiatia] Hakoneyama Kurikomayama Ontakesan Simbo Whakaari/White Island
Chaiten Heard Kusatsu-Shiranesan Oraefajokull Sinabung Witori
Chiginagak Hekla Kverkfjoll Osorno Sinarka Wolf
Chikurachki Helgrindur La Palma Pacaya Siple Yakedake
Chiles-Cerro Negro Hierro Lamington Pagan Sirung Yasur
Chillan, Nevados de Hokkaido-Komagatake Lamongan Palena Volcanic Group Slamet Yufu-Tsurumi
Chirinkotan Home Reef Langila Paluweh Snaefellsjokull Zaozan [Zaosan]
Chirpoi Hood Lanin Panarea Soputan Zavodovski
Ciremai Huaynaputina Lascar Papandayan Sorikmarapi Zhupanovsky
Cleveland Hudson, Cerro Lateiki Parker Sotara Zubair Group
Colima Huila, Nevado del Lengai, Ol Doinyo Pavlof Soufriere Hills
Colo Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai Leroboleng Pelee Soufriere St. Vincent
Concepcion Ibu Lewotobi Peuet Sague South Sarigan Seamount
 News Feeds and Google Placemarks


Download Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network RSS Feed

The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. At the end of each report is a list of the sources used. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. This feature was first made available on 5 March 2008.



Download Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network CAP Feed

The CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management. They are similar in content to the RSS feed, but contain no active links.



Download Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network Link Download Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network Link

A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano profile page and to the complete Weekly Report for that week. This feature was first made available on 1 April 2009.

 Criteria & Disclaimers

Criteria



The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:

- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.

Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.

It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.

Disclaimers



1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are cover longer time periods and are more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.

2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.

3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.

4. Many news agencies do not archive the articles they post on the Internet, and therefore the links to some sources may not be active. To obtain information about the cited articles that are no longer available on the Internet contact the source.

5. USGS Disclaimer Statement for this Website:

Information presented on this website is considered public information and may be distributed or copied. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credit is requested. We strongly recommend that USGS data be acquired directly from a USGS server and not through other sources that may change the data in some way. While USGS makes every effort to provide accurate and complete information, various data such as names, telephone numbers, etc. may change prior to updating. USGS welcomes suggestions on how to improve our home page and correct errors. USGS provides no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of furnished data.

Some of the documents on this server may contain live references (or pointers) to information created and maintained by other organizations. Please note that USGS does not control and cannot guarantee the relevance, timeliness, or accuracy of these outside materials.

For site security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, this government computer system employs software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, or otherwise cause damage. Unauthorized attempts to upload information or change information on this website are strictly prohibited and may be punishable under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 and the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act. Information may also be used for authorized law enforcement investigations. (Last modified September 21, 1999.)

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA
URL: https://volcano.si.edu/reports_weekly.cfm

 Acronyms and Abbreviations

a.s.l. - above sea level

AVO - Alaska Volcano Observatory

AVHRR - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

CENAPRED - Centro Nacionale de Prevencion de Desastres (México)

CONRED - Coordinadora Nacional para la Reducción de Desastres

COSPEC - Correlation Spectrometer

CVGHM (formerly VSI) - Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

CVO - Cascades Volcano Observatory (USGS)

GMS - Geostationary Meteorological Satellite

GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GVO - Goma Volcano Observatory

GVP - Global Volcanism Program (Smithsonian Institution)

HVO - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (USGS)

ICE - Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (Costa Rica)

IG - Instituto Geofísico (Ecuador)

IGNS - Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (New Zealand) - now GNS Science

INETER - Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (Nicaragua)

INGEMMET - Instituto Geológical Minero y Metalúrgico (Peru)

INGEOMINAS - Instituto Colombiano de Geología y Minería (Colombia)

INGV-CT - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Sezione di Catania (Italy)

INSIVUMEH - Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia e Hidrologia (Guatemala)

IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (France)

JMA - Japanese Meteorological Agency

KEMSD - Kamchatkan Experimental and Methodical Seismilogical Department

KVERT - Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team

M - magnitude

METEOSAT - Meteorological Satellite

MEVO - Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory

MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MVO - Montserrat Volcano Observatory

MWO - Meteorological Watch Office

NEIC - National Earthquake Information Center

NIED - National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (Japan)

NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOTAM - Notice to Airmen

OVDAS - Observatorio Volcanologico de los Andes del Sur (Chile)

OFDA - Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance

ONEMI - Oficina Nacional de Emergencia - Ministerio del Interior (Chile)

OVPDLF - Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (France)

OVSICORI-UNA - Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica)

PHIVOLCS - Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Philippines)

RSAM - Real-time Seismic Amplitude Measurement

RVO - Rabaul Volcano Observatory

SERNAGEOMIN - Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria (Chile)

SIGMET - Significant Meteorological Information

SNET - Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (El Salvador)

SVERT - Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (Russia)

USAID - US Agency for International Development

USGS - United States Geological Survey

UTC - Coordinated Universal Time

VAAC - Volcanic Ash Advisory Center

VAFTAD - Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport And Dispersion

VDAP - Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (USGS)

VHP - Volcano Hazards Program (USGS)

VRC - Volcano Research Center (Japan)

Report for Anatahan
During 26 May to 1 June, elevated seismicity at Anatahan consisted of discrete explosion signals. Every few minutes explosions threw volcanic material hundreds of meters out of the crater, and steam and ash likely rose a few hundred meters.
Source: Emergency Management Office of the Commonwealth of the Mariana Islands and United States Geological Survey Volcano Hazards Program
Report for Bagana
An ash plume from Bagana was visible on satellite imagery during 26-27 May. The plume reached a height of ~3 km a.s.l. and extended ~130 km NW.
Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
Report for Colima
During late May low-level activity continued at Colima, with an average of two ash-containing explosions per day. The eruption clouds did not exceed 2 km above the volcano's crater and predominately drifted W.
Source: Centro Universitario de Estudios e Investigaciones de Vulcanologia - Universidad de Colima
Report for Dukono
During 26-31 May, Dukono occasionally emitted plumes that were visible on satellite imagery at a height of ~3 km a.s.l.
Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
Report for Fuego
During 31 May to 1 June moderate volcanic and seismic activity continued at Fuego, with several explosions producing ash plumes. The highest rising plume reached ~1.5 km above the volcano on 31 May. This explosion also produced avalanches of volcanic material down the ravines of Taniluyá and Santa Teresa.
Source: Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH)
Report for Kikai
Based on information from JMA, the Tokyo VAAC reported that Kikai erupted on 1 June at 1330. The resultant ash cloud rose to an unknown height and drifted W.
Source: Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Kilauea
Kilauea's Banana lava flow reached the sea on 30 May near the eastern end of the Wilipe`a lava delta. This was the first time lava had reached the sea since July 2003. The interaction of the water and lava was not explosive. During 26-31 May, low-frequency earthquakes and no noticeable tremor occurred at Kilauea's summit. Tremor at Pu`u `O`o was at its typical moderate level.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
Report for Nyamulagira
The Toulouse VAAC reported that during 26 May to 1 June there were weak but steady emissions from Nyamuragira and neighboring Nyiragongo (~13 km SE from Nyamuragira). The Goma volcano observatory confirmed that ash fell within a radius of 60 km of both volcanoes.
Source: Toulouse Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
Report for Nyiragongo
The Toulouse VAAC reported that during 26 May to 1 June there were weak but steady emissions from Nyiragongo and neighboring Nyamuragira (~13 km NW from Nyiragongo). The Goma volcano observatory confirmed that ash fell within a radius of 60 km of both volcanoes.
Source: Toulouse Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
Report for Popocatepetl
On 26 May at 0643 a small emission from Popocatépetl of steam, gas, and small amounts of ash produced a plume that reached a height of ~1.5 km above the volcano's crater. Ash fell in Tetela del Volcán, Morelos. Also, an M 2.4 volcano-tectonic microearthquake occurred 2 km E of the crater. Aerial photography taken on 14 April showed continued subsidence of the inner crater. No external lava dome at the bottom of the crater was distinguished. The Alert Level at Popocatépetl remained at Yellow Phase 1, therefore access was restricted in a 12-km-radius around the volcano.
Sources: Centro Nacional de Prevencion de Desastres (CENAPRED), Agence France-Presse (AFP)
Report for Santa Maria
During 31 May to 1 June, weak-to-moderate explosions at Santa María's Santiaguito lava-dome complex produced gas-and-ash plumes that rose ~1.5 km above the crater. Small partial collapses at the edge of the Caliente lava dome produced avalanches of incandescent volcanic material down the SW flank.
Source: Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH)
Report for Sheveluch
On 21 May, observations of Shiveluch from a helicopter revealed pyroclastic flows and partial destruction of the lava dome. Ash deposits were concentrated in the central sector of the southern volcanic slope. During 21-28 May seismicity was above background levels, with a large number of shallow earthquakes occurring. Gas-and-steam plumes rose to ~4 km a.s.l. Shiveluch remained at Concern Color Code Orange.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Shishaldin
Seismic unrest continued at Shishaldin during 21-28 May. It was characterized by weak seismic tremor and occasional discrete low-frequency earthquakes. Meteorological clouds obscured views of the volcano. Shishaldin remained at Concern Color Code Yellow.
Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)
Report for Soufriere Hills
Volcanic and seismic activity at Soufrière Hills remained at low levels during 21-28 May. Seismicity was dominated by signals from mudflows associated with the heavy rain of 21 May. The mudflows occurred during about 1420-1636 and were followed by a swarm of 44 small earthquakes. The sulfur-dioxide flux varied, reaching values between about 225 and 920 tons per day.
Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)
Report for Tungurahua
During 26-31 May, small-to-moderate emissions of steam, gas, and ash occurred at Tungurahua and seismicity was at moderate levels.
Sources: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Veniaminof
During 21-28 May, the level of volcanic activity at Veniaminof was generally lower than during the previous week. Sequences of tremor accompanying ash bursts continued. On video, weak steaming and low ash bursts were seen emanating from the intracaldera cone. Most of the ash bursts did not rise above the active cone (2,156 m). Satellite imagery on 26 May showed ash deposits on the N and SE portions of the caldera. Veniaminof remained at Concern Color Code Yellow.
Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)