Logo link to homepage

Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

Weekly Volcanic Activity Map

The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday and averaging 16 reported volcanoes, this is not a comprehensive list of all eruptions this week, but rather a summary of activity that meet criteria discussed in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section below.

Volcanic activity reported here is preliminary and subject to change. Carefully reviewed, detailed narratives over longer time periods are published as reports of the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network available through volcano profile pages.

Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for the week of 12 January-18 January 2005
Name Location Eruption Start Date Report Status
Anatahan Mariana Islands (USA) New
Klyuchevskoy Central Kamchatka (Russia) New
Veniaminof Alaska Peninsula, Alaska New
Bezymianny Central Kamchatka (Russia) 2010 May 21 (?) Continuing
Colima Mexico Continuing
Kilauea Hawaiian Islands (USA) 2021 Sep 29 Continuing
Manam Northeast of New Guinea 2014 Jun 29 Continuing
Reventador Ecuador 2008 Jul 27 Continuing
Sheveluch Central Kamchatka (Russia) 1999 Aug 15 Continuing
Spurr Alaska Peninsula Continuing
St. Helens Washington Continuing
Tungurahua Ecuador Continuing
All times are local unless otherwise stated.
Weekly Reports Archive

Since the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report began in November 2000, there have been 18,389 individual reports over 1,142 weeks (average of 16 per week) on 328 different volcanoes.

Search by Date



Use the dropdowns to choose the year and week for archived Weekly Reports.

Use the dropdowns to choose the year and week for archived Weekly Reports.          



Search by Volcano



Agung Cotopaxi Iliamna Little Sitkin Planchon-Peteroa Stromboli
Ahyi Cuicocha Iliwerung Llaima Poas Sulu Range
Aira Cumbal Inielika Lokon-Empung Popocatepetl Sumbing
Akan Dabbahu Ioto Lonquimay Purace Sundoro
Alaid Davidof Irazu Lopevi Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Suretamatai
Alu-Dalafilla Dempo Iya Machin Rabaul Suwanosejima
Ambae Descabezado Grande Izu-Torishima Makushin Raikoke Taal
Ambang Dieng Volcanic Complex Jackson Segment Maly Semyachik Ranakah Tair, Jebel at
Ambrym Dukono Kaba Manam Raoul Island Takawangha
Anatahan Ebeko Kadovar Manda Hararo Rasshua Talang
Aniakchak Ebulobo Kaitoku Seamount Marapi Raung Tambora
Antillanca Volcanic Complex Edgecumbe Kama'ehuakanaloa Maroa Redoubt Tanaga
Antuco Egon Kambalny Martin Reventador Tandikat-Singgalang
Apoyeque Ekarma Kanaga Masaya Reykjanes Tangkoko-Duasudara
Arenal Epi Kanlaon Maule, Laguna del Rincon de la Vieja Tangkuban Parahu
Asamayama Erebus Karangetang Mauna Loa Rinjani Tara, Batu
Askja Erta Ale Karkar Mayon Ritter Island Ta'u
Asosan Etna Karthala McDonald Islands Rotorua Taupo
Atka Volcanic Complex Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group] Karymsky Melimoyu Ruang Telica
Augustine Eyjafjallajokull Kasatochi Merapi Ruapehu Tenerife
Avachinsky Fagradalsfjall Katla Midagahara Ruiz, Nevado del Tengger Caldera
Awu Fernandina Katmai Misti, El Sabancaya Three Sisters
Axial Seamount Fogo Kavachi Miyakejima Sakar Tinakula
Azul, Cerro Fonualei Kelimutu Momotombo Salak Tofua
Azumayama Fournaise, Piton de la Kelud Monowai San Cristobal Tokachidake
Bagana Fourpeaked Kerinci Montagu Island San Miguel Tolbachik
Balbi Fuego Ketoi Moyorodake [Medvezhia] San Vicente Toliman
Bamus Fujisan Kharimkotan Mutnovsky Sangay Tongariro
Banda Api Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba Kick 'em Jenny Myojinsho Sangeang Api Trident
Bardarbunga Galeras Kie Besi Nabro Santa Ana Tungurahua
Barren Island Galunggung Kikai Negra, Sierra Santa Maria Turrialba
Batur Gamalama Kilauea Negro, Cerro Sao Jorge Ubinas
Bezymianny Gamkonora Kirishimayama Nightingale Island Sarigan Ugashik-Peulik
Bogoslof Gareloi Kita-Ioto Nishinoshima Sarychev Peak Ukinrek Maars
Brava Gaua Kizimen Nisyros Saunders Ulawun
Bristol Island Gorely Klyuchevskoy Novarupta Savo Unnamed
Bulusan Great Sitkin Kolokol Group NW Rota-1 Semeru Unnamed
Calbuco Grimsvotn Koryaksky Nyamulagira Semisopochnoi Veniaminof
Callaqui Guagua Pichincha Krakatau Nyiragongo Seulawah Agam Villarrica
Cameroon Guallatiri Krummel-Garbuna-Welcker Ofu-Olosega Sheveluch Vulcano
Campi Flegrei del Mar di Sicilia Guntur Krysuvik-Trolladyngja Okataina Shishaldin West Mata
Cayambe Hachijojima Kuchinoerabujima Okmok Simbo Westdahl
Chachadake [Tiatia] Hakoneyama Kurikomayama Ontakesan Sinabung Whakaari/White Island
Chaiten Heard Kusatsu-Shiranesan Oraefajokull Sinarka Witori
Chiginagak Hekla Kverkfjoll Osorno Siple Wolf
Chikurachki Helgrindur La Palma Pacaya Sirung Yakedake
Chiles-Cerro Negro Hierro Lamington Pagan Slamet Yasur
Chillan, Nevados de Hokkaido-Komagatake Lamongan Palena Volcanic Group Snaefellsjokull Yufu-Tsurumi
Chirinkotan Home Reef Langila Paluweh Soputan Zaozan [Zaosan]
Chirpoi Hood Lanin Panarea Sorikmarapi Zavodovski
Ciremai Huaynaputina Lascar Papandayan Sotara Zhupanovsky
Cleveland Hudson, Cerro Lateiki Parker Soufriere Hills Zubair Group
Colima Huila, Nevado del Lengai, Ol Doinyo Pavlof Soufriere St. Vincent
Colo Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai Leroboleng Pelee South Sarigan Seamount
Concepcion Ibu Lewotobi Peuet Sague Spurr
Copahue Ijen Lewotolok Pinatubo St. Helens
 News Feeds and Google Placemarks


Download Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network RSS Feed

The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. At the end of each report is a list of the sources used. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. This feature was first made available on 5 March 2008.



Download Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network CAP Feed

The CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management. They are similar in content to the RSS feed, but contain no active links.



Download Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network Link Download Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report Network Link

A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano profile page and to the complete Weekly Report for that week. This feature was first made available on 1 April 2009.

 Criteria & Disclaimers

Criteria



The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:

- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.

Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.

It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.

Disclaimers



1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are cover longer time periods and are more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.

2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.

3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.

4. Many news agencies do not archive the articles they post on the Internet, and therefore the links to some sources may not be active. To obtain information about the cited articles that are no longer available on the Internet contact the source.

5. USGS Disclaimer Statement for this Website:

Information presented on this website is considered public information and may be distributed or copied. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credit is requested. We strongly recommend that USGS data be acquired directly from a USGS server and not through other sources that may change the data in some way. While USGS makes every effort to provide accurate and complete information, various data such as names, telephone numbers, etc. may change prior to updating. USGS welcomes suggestions on how to improve our home page and correct errors. USGS provides no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of furnished data.

Some of the documents on this server may contain live references (or pointers) to information created and maintained by other organizations. Please note that USGS does not control and cannot guarantee the relevance, timeliness, or accuracy of these outside materials.

For site security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, this government computer system employs software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, or otherwise cause damage. Unauthorized attempts to upload information or change information on this website are strictly prohibited and may be punishable under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 and the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act. Information may also be used for authorized law enforcement investigations. (Last modified September 21, 1999.)

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA
URL: https://volcano.si.edu/reports_weekly.cfm

 Acronyms and Abbreviations

a.s.l. - above sea level

AVO - Alaska Volcano Observatory

AVHRR - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

CENAPRED - Centro Nacionale de Prevencion de Desastres (México)

CONRED - Coordinadora Nacional para la Reducción de Desastres

COSPEC - Correlation Spectrometer

CVGHM (formerly VSI) - Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

CVO - Cascades Volcano Observatory (USGS)

GMS - Geostationary Meteorological Satellite

GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GVO - Goma Volcano Observatory

GVP - Global Volcanism Program (Smithsonian Institution)

HVO - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (USGS)

ICE - Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (Costa Rica)

IG - Instituto Geofísico (Ecuador)

IGNS - Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (New Zealand) - now GNS Science

INETER - Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (Nicaragua)

INGEMMET - Instituto Geológical Minero y Metalúrgico (Peru)

INGEOMINAS - Instituto Colombiano de Geología y Minería (Colombia)

INGV-CT - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Sezione di Catania (Italy)

INSIVUMEH - Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia e Hidrologia (Guatemala)

IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (France)

JMA - Japanese Meteorological Agency

KEMSD - Kamchatkan Experimental and Methodical Seismilogical Department

KVERT - Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team

M - magnitude

METEOSAT - Meteorological Satellite

MEVO - Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory

MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MVO - Montserrat Volcano Observatory

MWO - Meteorological Watch Office

NEIC - National Earthquake Information Center

NIED - National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (Japan)

NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOTAM - Notice to Airmen

OVDAS - Observatorio Volcanologico de los Andes del Sur (Chile)

OFDA - Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance

ONEMI - Oficina Nacional de Emergencia - Ministerio del Interior (Chile)

OVPDLF - Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (France)

OVSICORI-UNA - Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica)

PHIVOLCS - Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Philippines)

RSAM - Real-time Seismic Amplitude Measurement

RVO - Rabaul Volcano Observatory

SERNAGEOMIN - Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria (Chile)

SIGMET - Significant Meteorological Information

SNET - Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (El Salvador)

SVERT - Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (Russia)

USAID - US Agency for International Development

USGS - United States Geological Survey

UTC - Coordinated Universal Time

VAAC - Volcanic Ash Advisory Center

VAFTAD - Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport And Dispersion

VDAP - Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (USGS)

VHP - Volcano Hazards Program (USGS)

VRC - Volcano Research Center (Japan)

Report for Anatahan
During 9-14 January, the eruption of Anatahan volcano stabilized, as explosion signals became larger and generally less frequent than previously observed, averaging a few explosions per minute. Early on 16 January, the eruption suddenly stopped for a couple of hours, then the level of instrumentally recorded activity surged to a new high 50 percent above the previous high. Later on 16 January, the eruption declined slowly for several hours before it stopped again, this time for about 8 hours before it returned to the level of 9-14 January. Early on 18 January, the activity level again surged to its second highest level so far. Then around 1000 activity declined to the level of 9-14 January.

With the current high level of eruptive activity, ash could be in the air out to a few tens of kilometers from Anatahan. The Emergency Management Office has placed Anatahan Island off limits until further notice and concludes that, although the volcano is not currently dangerous to most aircraft, conditions may change rapidly, and aircraft should pass upwind of Anatahan or farther than 100 km downwind from the island and otherwise exercise due caution within 50 km of Anatahan.
Source: Emergency Management Office of the Commonwealth of the Mariana Islands and United States Geological Survey Volcano Hazards Program
Report for Klyuchevskoy
KVERT raised the Concern Color Code at Kliuchevskoi from Green to Yellow on 14 January as seismic activity at the volcano increased. On 12 January, around 21 shallow earthquakes of M=1.0-1.7 and weak volcanic tremor were recorded. According to visual observations, weak gas-and-steam plumes were noted during 6-8 and 12 January. The plumes extended E from the volcano on 7 January and SW for 5 km from the volcano on 12 January.

KVERT again raised the Concern Color Code from Yellow to Orange as seismic activity increased significantly. During 13-14 January, 15 shallow earthquakes of M > 1.25 were recorded, along with an increase in the amplitude of volcanic tremor. Visual observations on 14 January noted a weak gas-and-steam plume that extended N from the volcano. Satellite data showed a bright thermal anomaly over the summit on 15 January.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
Report for Veniaminof
On 12 January the Anchorage VAAC reported emission of a thin ash cloud, visible on the Perryville NetCam, that rose between 3-4 km a.s.l., extended ENE, and dissipated within ~55 km of the volcano.

On 14 January, a satellite image showed a thermal anomaly in the vicinity of the Veniaminof's summit. Although the anomaly appeared less intense than when first detected on 8 January and volcanic activity seemed to have declined significantly since 12 January, activity still remained significantly higher than normal with occasional bursts of volcanic tremor. Therefore, Veniaminof remained at Concern Color Code Orange.
Sources: Anchorage Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC), US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)
Report for Bezymianny
KVERT lowered the Concern Color Code at Bezymianny from Red (the highest level) to Orange on 12 January when seismic activity returned to background levels following the eruption of 11 January. As seismicity remained at background levels, the Concern Color Code was lowered on 14 January from Orange to Yellow.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
Report for Colima
According to the Washington VAAC, during 12-18 January small eruptions from Colima generated steam-and-ash plumes. These plumes rose as high as ~6.7 km a.s.l. and extended as far as ~50 km from the volcano.
Source: Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Kilauea
During 12-18 January, surface lava flows were visible at Kilauea along the arms of the PKK lava flow on the Pulama pali fault scarp. No lava was visible near the coastline. Summit seismicity remained low with only a few long-period earthquakes recorded per day, and weak-to-absent background tremor. At Pu`u `O`o cone, volcanic tremor remained at moderate levels. Pu`u `O`o exhibited periods of slight inflation and deflation during the report period.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
Report for Manam
During 12-18 January, the Darwin VAAC, based on information from RVO, reported that Manam was at Alert Level 2 and continued to produce variable emissions.
Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
Report for Reventador
On 14 January at 0700, the Washington VAAC reported that an ash plume was observed at Reventador. The plume rose to a height of ~4.5 km a.s.l. On 16 January at 0430, satellite imagery indicated a brief emission of steam and very light ash that rose to ~6 km a.s.l. and moved E.
Source: Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Sheveluch
During 8-14 January, seismicity decreased slightly at Shiveluch but remained above background levels. Seismicity indicated that from 1815 to 1945 on 13 January, several ash explosions up to 5 km a.s.l. and a pyroclastic flow probably occurred. Possible weak ash-and-gas explosions and hot avalanches occurred during 8-14 January. According to visual observations and video data, gas-and-steam plumes rose up to ~2.5-3.4 km a.s.l. during 6-8 January and on 12 January. Shiveluch remained at Concern Color Code Orange.

The Tokyo VAAC reported an eruption of Shiveluch on 17 January at 1625 with a plume that rose to a height of ~4.5 km a.s.l.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
Report for Spurr
Elevated levels of seismicity continued to be recorded at Spurr during 8-14 January. Seismic event rates averaged six located earthquakes per day. No activity was observed in satellite and web camera images during 8-14 January.
Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)
Report for St. Helens
Lava-dome growth continued at St. Helens during 12-18 January. Seismicity continued at a very low level. A large slab on the west side of the dome collapsed and generated a small rock avalanche and ash cloud that drifted over the south crater rim. A bright glow on the VolcanoCam seen the night of 13 January was likely caused by this event.

New instrumentation packages installed on and near the new lava dome on 14 January, including a video camera, gas sensor, GPS, and seismometer, stopped transmitting data early on 16 January. Analysis of seismic and other data from about 0300 on 16 January, when two instruments on and near the new dome ceased functioning, suggests that a steam and ash emission occurred, perhaps accompanied by ejection of ballistic fragments. The event lasted about 18 minutes. During that time radio-telemetry signals from a few other instruments in the crater were interrupted temporarily, probably as the result of ash in the air. In the 24 hours prior to the event, the GPS on the north end of the new dome moved southward and upward more than 8 m, showing that dome extrusion continues at a vigorous pace. St. Helens remained at Volcano Advisory (Alert Level 2); aviation color code Orange.
Source: US Geological Survey Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO)
Report for Tungurahua
Seismicity remained low at Tungurahua during 12-18 January with few to several long period events each day. On 14 January, a white column of steam-and-gas was observed that reached a height of 500 m above the crater and extended to the NW. On 16 January, a steam-and-gas plume reached a height of 200-300 m above the crater and extended SE. Incandescence was observed emanating from the crater during 12-13 January.

On 18 January, the Washington VAAC reported an ash plume that reached a height of ~5.5 km a.s.l. and extended to the E of Tungurahua's summit for ~15 km.
Sources: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)