Activity for the week of 5 July-11 July 2006
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.
New Activity / Unrest
| Central Java (Indonesia)
| 7.54°S, 110.446°E
| Elevation 2910 m
Gas plumes were observed during 5-11 July at Merapi and reached a maximum height of 1.2 km above the summit (3,600 ft a.s.l.) on 6 July. Due to a decrease in activity, on 10 July the Alert Level was lowered one level to 3 (on a scale of 1-4) in all areas except the S slope.
Sources: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM), Agence France-Presse (AFP)
| 16.72°N, 62.18°W
| Elevation 915 m
The Montserrat Volcano Observatory estimated that the Soufrière Hills lava dome volume was 27 million cubic meters on 27 June, prior to the 30 June partial lava-dome collapse, which means the growth rate during the month of June averaged about 8 cubic meters per second. On 7 July, the Alert Level was lowered to 3 (on a scale of 0-5).
Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)
| New Britain (Papua New Guinea)
| 5.5°S, 150.942°E
| Elevation 610 m
On 10 July, the RVO reported that "forceful, dark emissions" from the Sulu Range were observed on 7 July and decreased to moderate emissions by the morning of 8 July. On 12 July, aerial inspection confirmed that emissions were coming from a NW-S-trending area between Ubia and Ululu volcanoes. The report also indicated that weak to moderate white vapor emissions were observed on 10 through 12 July and seismic activity had increased in intensity and frequency from 6 July. Loud booming and rumbling noises were accompanied by strong tremor picked up at stations at Garbuna and Ulawun volcanoes. On 11 July it was reported that there was no evidence of ash emission and that three villages north of Mount Karai had been evacuated. A large earthquake (intensity of ~7) occurred on 12 July at 0820 that disturbed the shoreline and caused the sea water to become sediment-laden. Local rivers turned muddy due to continuous ground shaking.
Reports of vegetation die-off from late February had not been confirmed due to lack of resources. The Sulu Range has not been active in historical times.
Source: Rabaul Volcano Observatory (RVO)
| 19.514°N, 103.62°W
| Elevation 3850 m
Based on information from the Mexico City MWO, the Washington VAAC reported an ash emission from Colima on 8 July to an unknown height. Ash was not visible on satellite imagery.
Source: Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)
| 54.049°N, 159.443°E
| Elevation 1513 m
Based on interpretations of seismic data from Karymsky during 1-7 July, ash plumes reached altitudes of 4 km (13,100 ft) a.s.l. According to the Tokyo VAAC, the Kamchatkan Experimental and Methodical Seismological Department (KEMSD) reported that on 10 July ash plumes reached altitudes of ~5.2 km (17,000 ft) a.s.l. Approximately 100-350 shallow earthquakes occurred daily during 29 June-3 July and increased to 1000 per day during 4-5 July. A thermal anomaly in the crater was observed on 30 June, 1 July, and 6 July. Karymsky remained at Concern Color Code Orange.
Sources: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT), Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| Hawaiian Islands (USA)
| 19.421°N, 155.287°W
| Elevation 1222 m
During 5-11 July, lava from Kilauea continued to flow off of a lava delta into the ocean at the East Lae`apuki entry. Background volcanic tremor was at normal levels at Kilauea's summit, with small shallow earthquakes occurring. Volcanic tremor remained at a very typical moderate level at Pu`u `O`o.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
| 16.507°S, 168.346°E
| Elevation 1413 m
Based on pilot reports, the Wellington VAAC reported that an eruption plume from Lopevi on 5 July reached an unknown altitude and smoke-and-ash plumes on 8 and 9 July reached altitudes of 3.7 km (12,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E and SE, respectively.
Source: Wellington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| 14.382°N, 90.601°W
| Elevation 2569 m
A white- and blue-colored "smoke" plume from Pacaya was observed on 5 and 7 July and drifted NW and W, and a white gas cloud on 10 July reached 800 m above the crater (11,000 ft a.s.l.) and drifted SW. Lava flows toward the NW reached lengths of 800 m. Incandescence was observed on 7 July.
Source: Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH)
| Eastern Java (Indonesia)
| 8.108°S, 112.922°E
| Elevation 3657 m
According to the Darwin VAAC, an ash plume from Semeru reached a maximum altitude of 5.5 km (18,000 ft) a.s.l. on 10 July. The plume was visible on satellite imagery.
Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
| United States
| 46.2°N, 122.18°W
| Elevation 2549 m
During 5-11 July, the lava dome at Mount St. Helens continued to grow at a slow and steady rate producing small rockfalls. The hazard status remained at Volcano Advisory (Alert Level 2); aviation color code Orange.
Source: US Geological Survey Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO)
| 1.467°S, 78.442°W
| Elevation 5023 m
During 5-11 July, seismic activity indicating explosions increased at Tungurahua. Incandescent blocks were ejected from the crater during 5 to 8 July, when blocks rolled approximately 1 km down the NW flank. Ash-and-steam plumes with moderate to no ash content were observed to reach maximum heights of 2.5 km above the summit (24,700 ft a.s.l.) and drifted generally to the W and NW.
Source: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG)
| 16.355°S, 70.903°W
| Elevation 5672 m
According to the Buenos Aires VAAC, a pilot reported that ash plumes from Ubinas on 8 and 9 July reached altitudes of 5.5 km (18,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW. Ash plumes were visible on satellite imagery during 8-10 July.
Source: Buenos Aires Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
News Feeds and Google Placemarks
The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website.
The CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management. They are similar in content to the RSS feed, but contain no active links.
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.
Criteria & Disclaimers
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:
- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.
Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.
It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.
1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.
2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.
3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.
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RSS and CAP Feeds
An RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report first made available on 5 March 2008 can be utilized with the aid of various free downloadable readers. The report content of the news feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. On 12 March 2009, GeoRSS tags were added so that the latitude and longitude for each volcano could be included with the feed.
At the end of each individual report is a list of the sources used. We would like to emphasize that the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) website (http://www.wovo.org/) lists the regional volcano observatories that have the most authoritative data for many of these events.
CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management.
Google Earth Placemarks
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report was first made available on 1 April 2009. This file can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.