Report on Karangetang (Indonesia) — 6 March-12 March 2002
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
6 March-12 March 2002
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2002. Report on Karangetang (Indonesia). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 6 March-12 March 2002. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
2.781°N, 125.407°E; summit elev. 1797 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
An eruption that began at Karangetang on 5 March at 1344 produced an ash cloud to a height of ~1.5 km above the volcano's summit. Ash fell to the NE of the volcano. The eruption was accompanied by lava avalanches down the volcano's slopes. After the eruption, a plume of steam and possible ash was seen reaching ~400 m above the crater rim and a "red reflection" extended up to 25 m above the crater. An increase in volcanic and tectonic earthquakes occurred in comparison to the previous week. Karangetang remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).
Geological Summary. Karangetang (Api Siau) volcano lies at the northern end of the island of Siau, about 125 km NNE of the NE-most point of Sulawesi island. The stratovolcano contains five summit craters along a N-S line. It is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes, with more than 40 eruptions recorded since 1675 and many additional small eruptions that were not documented in the historical record (Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World: Neumann van Padang, 1951). Twentieth-century eruptions have included frequent explosive activity sometimes accompanied by pyroclastic flows and lahars. Lava dome growth has occurred in the summit craters; collapse of lava flow fronts have produced pyroclastic flows.