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What was erupting in the year...?

There were 72 confirmed eruptions at some point during 2023 from 69 different volcanoes; 22 of those were new eruptions that started during the year. A stop date with "(continuing)" indicates that the eruption was considered to be ongoing as of the date indicated. Data is reported through the last data update (15 December 2023). Information about more recent eruptions can be found in the Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report.

Volcano Country Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI
Ambae Vanuatu 2023 Dec 11 2023 Dec 11
Marapi Indonesia 2023 Dec 3 2023 Dec 14 (continuing)
Purace Colombia 2023 Nov 16 2023 Nov 16
Ioto Japan 2023 Oct 30 0020 Dec 15 (continuing)
Home Reef Tonga 2023 Oct 12 2023 Oct 19
Ruby United States 2023 Sep 14 2023 Sep 15
Poas Costa Rica 2023 Aug 2 2023 Aug 11
Dempo Indonesia 2023 Jul 25 2023 Aug 21
Ulawun Papua New Guinea 2023 Jul 18 2023 Dec 14 (continuing)
Shishaldin United States 2023 Jul 12 2023 Dec 15 (continuing)
Fagradalsfjall Iceland 2023 Jul 10 2023 Aug 5
San Cristobal Nicaragua 2023 Jul 5 2023 Jul 5
Piton de la Fournaise France 2023 Jul 2 2023 Aug 10
Ubinas Peru 2023 Jun 22 2023 Dec 15 (continuing)
Klyuchevskoy Russia 2023 Jun 22 2023 Dec 15 (continuing)
Mayon Philippines 2023 Apr 27 ± 2 days 2023 Dec 14 (continuing)
Ulawun Papua New Guinea 2023 Mar 28 2023 Mar 28 1
Kikai Japan 2023 Mar 27 2023 Nov 22 (continuing)
Ambae Vanuatu 2023 Feb 20 2023 May 28
East Epi Vanuatu 2023 Jan 31 2023 Feb 23
Chikurachki Russia 2023 Jan 28 2023 Feb 8 2
Marapi Indonesia 2023 Jan 7 2023 Mar 17
Barren Island India 2022 Dec 30 2023 Aug 18 2
Lascar Chile 2022 Dec 10 2023 Feb 21 (?) 3
Etna Italy 2022 Nov 27 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 1
Ahyi United States 2022 Nov 18 ± 1 days 2023 Jun 11 1
San Miguel El Salvador 2022 Nov 15 2023 May 27 2
Cotopaxi Ecuador 2022 Oct 21 2023 Jul 6 2
Kerinci Indonesia 2022 Oct 15 2023 Feb 27 2
Nishinoshima Japan 2022 Oct 1 2023 Oct 13 2
Kaitoku Seamount Japan 2022 Aug 18 2023 Jan 26 0
Ebeko Russia 2022 Jun 11 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 2
Kavachi Solomon Islands 2021 Oct 2 2023 Dec 11 (continuing) 0
Kilauea United States 2021 Sep 29 2023 Sep 16 0
Rincon de la Vieja Costa Rica 2021 Jun 28 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 2
Krakatau Indonesia 2021 May 25 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 2
Great Sitkin United States 2021 May 25 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 2
Semisopochnoi United States 2021 Feb 2 ± 2 days 2023 May 5 2
Merapi Indonesia 2020 Dec 31 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 1
Lewotolok Indonesia 2020 Nov 27 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 2
Sangay Ecuador 2019 Mar 26 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 2
Tinakula Solomon Islands 2018 Dec 8 (in or before) 2023 Sep 23 (continuing) 2
Karangetang Indonesia 2018 Nov 25 2023 Nov 24 (continuing) 2
Nyamulagira DR Congo 2018 Apr 18 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 0
Kadovar Papua New Guinea 2018 Jan 5 2023 May 14 2
Semeru Indonesia 2017 Jun 6 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 4
Ol Doinyo Lengai Tanzania 2017 Apr 9 2023 Dec 9 (continuing) 0
Aira Japan 2017 Mar 25 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 1
Bezymianny Russia 2016 Dec 5 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 3
Sabancaya Peru 2016 Nov 6 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 3
Langila Papua New Guinea 2015 Oct 22 (?) 2023 Nov 24 (continuing) 2
Masaya Nicaragua 2015 Oct 3 2023 Dec 13 (continuing) 1
Tofua Tonga 2015 Oct 2 2023 Dec 13 (continuing) 0
Villarrica Chile 2014 Dec 2 ± 7 days 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 3
Nevado del Ruiz Colombia 2014 Nov 18 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 2
Saunders United Kingdom 2014 Nov 12 2023 Oct 4 (continuing) 1
Manam Papua New Guinea 2014 Jun 29 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 4
Heard Australia 2012 Sep 5 ± 4 days 2023 Dec 11 (continuing) 0
Reventador Ecuador 2008 Jul 27 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 2
Ibu Indonesia 2008 Apr 5 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 1
Popocatepetl Mexico 2005 Jan 9 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 2
Suwanosejima Japan 2004 Oct 23 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 2
Nyiragongo DR Congo 2002 May 17 (?) 2023 Oct 24 (continuing) 2
Fuego Guatemala 2002 Jan 4 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 3
Bagana Papua New Guinea 2000 Feb 28 (in or before) 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 2
Sheveluch Russia 1999 Aug 15 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 4
Erebus Antarctica 1972 Dec 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2023 Dec 11 (continuing) 2
Erta Ale Ethiopia 1967 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 0
Stromboli Italy 1934 Feb 2 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 2
Dukono Indonesia 1933 Aug 13 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 3
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2023 Dec 15 (continuing) 3
Yasur Vanuatu 1270 ± 110 years 2023 Dec 14 (continuing) 3

List of Questions

Global Volcanism Program, 2023. [Database] Volcanoes of the World (v. 5.1.5; 15 Dec 2023). Distributed by Smithsonian Institution, compiled by Venzke, E. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW5-2023.5.1