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Report on Shishaldin (United States) — 23 June-29 June 2004

Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 23 June-29 June 2004
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 2004. Report on Shishaldin (United States). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 23 June-29 June 2004. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.

Volcano Profile |  Weekly Report (23 June-29 June 2004)


Shishaldin

United States

54.756°N, 163.97°W; summit elev. 2857 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


Seismic unrest continued at Shishaldin during 18-25 June, with weak tremor and occasional discrete low-frequency earthquakes occurring. A pilot reported seeing steam rise to low levels above Shishaldin's cone. Around that time, a possible weak thermal anomaly was visible on satellite imagery. Shishaldin remained at Concern Color Code Yellow.

Geologic Background. The beautifully symmetrical Shishaldin is the highest and one of the most active volcanoes of the Aleutian Islands. The glacier-covered volcano is the westernmost of three large stratovolcanoes along an E-W line in the eastern half of Unimak Island. The Aleuts named the volcano Sisquk, meaning "mountain which points the way when I am lost." A steam plume often rises from its small summit crater. Constructed atop an older glacially dissected volcano, it is largely basaltic in composition. Remnants of an older ancestral volcano are exposed on the W and NE sides at 1,500-1,800 m elevation. There are over two dozen pyroclastic cones on its NW flank, which is blanketed by massive aa lava flows. Frequent explosive activity, primarily consisting of Strombolian ash eruptions from the small summit crater, but sometimes producing lava flows, has been recorded since the 18th century.

Sources: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), Anchorage Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)