Report on Kilauea (United States) — 24 November-30 November 2004
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
24 November-30 November 2004
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2004. Report on Kilauea (United States). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 24 November-30 November 2004. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
19.421°N, 155.287°W; summit elev. 1222 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Surface lava flows at Kilauea were visible along two to three arms of the PKK lava flow on the Pulama pali fault scarp during 24-30 November. Most vents in the crater of Pu`u `O`o were incandescent. Lava entered the ocean through 26 November. On 30 November, seismicity at Kilauea's summit was low, with a few long-period earthquakes continuing to occur. Tremor was essentially absent at the summit and moderate at Pu`u `O`o. About 7 microradians of inflation occurred at Pu`u `O`o on 29 November.
Geological Summary. Kilauea overlaps the E flank of the massive Mauna Loa shield volcano in the island of Hawaii. Eruptions are prominent in Polynesian legends; written documentation since 1820 records frequent summit and flank lava flow eruptions interspersed with periods of long-term lava lake activity at Halemaumau crater in the summit caldera until 1924. The 3 x 5 km caldera was formed in several stages about 1,500 years ago and during the 18th century; eruptions have also originated from the lengthy East and Southwest rift zones, which extend to the ocean in both directions. About 90% of the surface of the basaltic shield volcano is formed of lava flows less than about 1,100 years old; 70% of the surface is younger than 600 years. The long-term eruption from the East rift zone between 1983 and 2018 produced lava flows covering more than 100 km2, destroyed hundreds of houses, and added new coastline.