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What was erupting in the year...?

There were 59 confirmed eruptions at some point during 1983 from 55 different volcanoes; 33 of those were new eruptions that started during the year. A stop date with "(continuing)" indicates that the eruption was considered to be ongoing as of the date indicated. Data is reported through the last data update (17 March 2022). Information about more recent eruptions can be found in the Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report.

Volcano Country Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI
Whakaari/White Island New Zealand 1983 Dec 26 ± 5 days 1984 Feb 12 ± 5 days 2
Tengger Caldera Indonesia 1983 Dec 21 1983 Dec 21 1
Teahitia France 1983 Dec 18 1984 Jul 14 0
Piton de la Fournaise France 1983 Dec 4 1984 Feb 18 2
Pavlof United States 1983 Nov 11 1983 Dec 18 3
Ulawun Papua New Guinea 1983 Nov 6 1984 Mar 13 1
Macdonald Undersea Features 1983 Oct 27 1984 Jan 3 0
Villarrica Chile 1983 Oct 14 1983 Oct 16 1
Miyakejima Japan 1983 Oct 3 1983 Oct 4 3
Tangkuban Parahu Indonesia 1983 Sep 14 Unknown 1
Iliwerung Indonesia 1983 Aug 17 1983 Aug 18 1
Gamalama Indonesia 1983 Aug 9 1983 Aug 12 3
Kusatsu-Shiranesan Japan 1983 Jul 26 1983 Dec 21 1
Colo Indonesia 1983 Jul 18 1983 Dec 16 ± 15 days 4
Asosan Japan 1983 Jul 16 ± 15 days 1983 Oct 16 ± 15 days 1
Teahitia France 1983 Jul 12 1983 Jul 26 0
Pavlof United States 1983 Jul 11 1983 Jul 18 2
Okmok United States 1983 Jul 8 1983 Jul 8 2
Marapi Indonesia 1983 Jul 2 ± 182 days Unknown 1
Ambrym Vanuatu 1983 Jul 2 ± 182 days Unknown 2
Bulusan Philippines 1983 Jun 25 1983 Jun 29 2
Veniaminof United States 1983 Jun 2 1984 Apr 17 3
Grimsvotn Iceland 1983 May 28 1983 Jun 2 2
Karangetang Indonesia 1983 May 16 ± 15 days 1988 Dec 31 (in or after) 3
Iliboleng Indonesia 1983 May 11 1984 Apr 13 2
Niigata-Yakeyama Japan 1983 Apr 14 (?) 1983 Apr 15 (?) 1
Asamayama Japan 1983 Apr 8 1983 Apr 8 2
Etna Italy 1983 Mar 28 1983 Aug 6 1
Concepcion Nicaragua 1983 Mar 16 1983 Mar 25 2
Macdonald Undersea Features 1983 Mar 14 1983 May 21 0
Rincon de la Vieja Costa Rica 1983 Feb 6 1983 Feb 21 1
Kilauea United States 1983 Jan 3 2018 Sep 5 3
Ol Doinyo Lengai Tanzania 1983 Jan 1 1993 Sep 24 2
Klyuchevskoy Russia 1982 Oct 7 1983 Jun 27 2
Akutan United States 1982 Oct 5 ± 4 days 1983 May 16 ± 15 days 2
Galunggung Indonesia 1982 Apr 5 1983 Jan 8 4
Bezymianny Russia 1981 Jun 12 1983 May 22 3
Pagan United States 1981 May 15 1985 May 1 (in or after) 4
St. Helens United States 1980 Mar 27 1986 Oct 28 ± 3 days 5
Etna Italy 1979 Jul 3 1992 Dec 16 ± 15 days 2
Galeras Colombia 1974 Jul 2 ± 182 days 1983 Jul 2 (?) ± 182 days 1
Manam Papua New Guinea 1974 Mar 4 (?) 1999 Nov 9 (?) 3
Nevados de Chillan Chile 1973 Jul 16 ± 15 days 1986 Jul 2 ± 182 days 2
Langila Papua New Guinea 1973 Feb 24 ± 4 days 2000 Oct 16 (in or after) ± 15 days 3
Erebus Antarctica 1972 Dec 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2022 Mar 17 (continuing) 2
Merapi Indonesia 1972 Oct 6 1985 Mar 16 ± 15 days 2
Bagana Papua New Guinea 1972 Jul 2 ± 182 days 1995 Jul 2 (in or after) ± 182 days 2
Arenal Costa Rica 1968 Jul 29 2010 Dec 16 (?) ± 15 days 3
Semeru Indonesia 1967 Aug 31 2009 Mar 15 3
Erta Ale Ethiopia 1967 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2022 Mar 17 (continuing) 0
Masaya Nicaragua 1965 Oct 10 (?) 1985 Apr 16 (?) ± 15 days 1
Pacaya Guatemala 1965 Jul 4 1989 Mar 10 3
Suwanosejima Japan 1956 Nov 16 ± 15 days 1984 May 16 ± 15 days 2
Aira Japan 1955 Oct 13 2016 Aug 22 3
Sangay Ecuador 1934 Aug 8 2011 Mar 2 3
Stromboli Italy 1934 Feb 2 2022 Mar 17 (continuing) 2
Dukono Indonesia 1933 Aug 13 2022 Mar 17 (continuing) 3
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2022 Mar 17 (continuing) 3
Yasur Vanuatu 1774 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2022 Mar 17 (continuing) 3

List of Questions

Global Volcanism Program, 2013. Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.10.6 (24 Mar 2022). Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 25 May 2022. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013.