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What was erupting in the year...?

There were 74 confirmed eruptions at some point during 1977 from 65 different volcanoes; 39 of those were new eruptions that started during the year. A stop date with "(continuing)" indicates that the eruption was considered to be ongoing as of the date indicated. Data is reported through the last data update (17 March 2022). Information about more recent eruptions can be found in the Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report.

Volcano Country Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI
Poas Costa Rica 1977 Dec 18 1978 Jun 15 2
Colima Mexico 1977 Dec 16 ± 15 days 1982 Jun 16 ± 15 days 1
Macdonald Undersea Features 1977 Dec 10 1977 Dec 15 0
Azumayama Japan 1977 Dec 7 1977 Dec 7 1
Mahawu Indonesia 1977 Nov 16 Unknown 0
Kick 'em Jenny Grenada 1977 Nov 11 Unknown 0
Piton de la Fournaise France 1977 Oct 24 1977 Nov 17 1
Monowai New Zealand 1977 Oct 17 1977 Oct 27 (?) 0
San Cristobal Nicaragua 1977 Oct 16 1977 Oct 16 2
Taal Philippines 1977 Oct 3 1977 Nov 12 (?) 2
Kilauea United States 1977 Sep 13 1977 Oct 1 0
Fuego Guatemala 1977 Sep 11 1979 Aug 8 2
Ambrym Vanuatu 1977 Aug 16 ± 15 days 1977 Sep 30 2
Toya Japan 1977 Aug 7 1982 Mar 16 ± 15 days 3
Klyuchevskoy Russia 1977 Aug 2 1980 Mar 12 3
Kavachi Solomon Islands 1977 Jul 17 (?) 1977 Jul 22 1
Ruapehu New Zealand 1977 Jul 16 1979 Jan 17 2
Tongariro New Zealand 1977 Jul 4 1977 Jul 4 1
Raung Indonesia 1977 Jun 9 1977 Jun 30 2
Poas Costa Rica 1977 May 16 ± 15 days 1977 Jul 16 (?) ± 15 days 1
Krafla Iceland 1977 Apr 27 1977 Sep 8 1
Monowai New Zealand 1977 Apr 16 ± 15 days 1977 Apr 16 ± 15 days 0
Gaua Vanuatu 1977 Apr 13 1977 Apr 13 2
Asosan Japan 1977 Apr 11 1978 Aug 16 ± 15 days 2
Karthala Comoros 1977 Apr 5 1977 Apr 10 1
Concepcion Nicaragua 1977 Apr 4 1977 May 3 2
Ukinrek Maars United States 1977 Mar 30 1977 Apr 9 3
Bezymianny Russia 1977 Mar 25 Unknown 3
Piton de la Fournaise France 1977 Mar 24 1977 Apr 16 0
Fernandina Ecuador 1977 Mar 23 1977 Mar 27 1
Purace Colombia 1977 Mar 19 1977 Mar 28 (?) 2
Seguam United States 1977 Mar 6 1977 Mar 8 (?) 1
Irazu Costa Rica 1977 Mar 3 Unknown 1
Fuego Guatemala 1977 Mar 3 1977 Apr 19 1
Kavachi Solomon Islands 1977 Feb 22 Unknown 1
Villarrica Chile 1977 Jan 26 1977 Jan 30 1
Ambrym Vanuatu 1977 Jan 20 ± 5 days 1977 Jan 28 (?) 2
Kick 'em Jenny Grenada 1977 Jan 14 1977 Jan 14 0
Nyiragongo DR Congo 1977 Jan 10 1977 Jan 10 1
Nyamulagira DR Congo 1976 Dec 23 1977 Jun 15 ± 5 days 1
Whakaari/White Island New Zealand 1976 Dec 18 1982 Jan 29 3
San Miguel El Salvador 1976 Dec 2 1977 Mar 1 1
Telica Nicaragua 1976 Nov 3 1978 Jan 16 (in or after) ± 15 days 1
Akutan United States 1976 Oct 15 ± 45 days 1977 May 9 (in or after) 2
Karangetang Indonesia 1976 Sep 15 1977 Sep 16 ± 15 days 2
Soufriere Guadeloupe France 1976 Jul 8 1977 Mar 1 2
Augustine United States 1976 Jan 22 (?) 1977 May 14 (?) 4
Axial Seamount Undersea Features 1976 Jan 1 ± 6 years 1982 (in or before) 0
Lokon-Empung Indonesia 1975 Nov 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 1980 Jul 2 ± 182 days 2
Pavlof United States 1975 Sep 13 1977 Mar 16 (in or after) ± 15 days 2
Marapi Indonesia 1975 Jan 16 ± 15 days 1979 Sep 11 2
Etna Italy 1974 Sep 29 (?) 1978 Mar 29 2
Galeras Colombia 1974 Jul 2 ± 182 days 1983 Jul 2 (?) ± 182 days 1
Manam Papua New Guinea 1974 Mar 4 (?) 1999 Nov 9 (?) 3
Nevados de Chillan Chile 1973 Jul 16 ± 15 days 1986 Jul 2 ± 182 days 2
Langila Papua New Guinea 1973 Feb 24 ± 4 days 2000 Oct 16 (in or after) ± 15 days 3
Erebus Antarctica 1972 Dec 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2022 Mar 17 (continuing) 2
Merapi Indonesia 1972 Oct 6 1985 Mar 16 ± 15 days 2
Bagana Papua New Guinea 1972 Jul 2 ± 182 days 1995 Jul 2 (in or after) ± 182 days 2
Etna Italy 1971 Sep 19 1979 Mar 16 (?) ± 15 days 2
Karymsky Russia 1970 May 11 1982 Oct 11 3
Arenal Costa Rica 1968 Jul 29 2010 Dec 16 (?) ± 15 days 3
Semeru Indonesia 1967 Aug 31 2009 Mar 15 3
Erta Ale Ethiopia 1967 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2022 Mar 17 (continuing) 0
Masaya Nicaragua 1965 Oct 10 (?) 1985 Apr 16 (?) ± 15 days 1
Pacaya Guatemala 1965 Jul 4 1989 Mar 10 3
Suwanosejima Japan 1956 Nov 16 ± 15 days 1984 May 16 ± 15 days 2
Aira Japan 1955 Oct 13 2016 Aug 22 3
Sangay Ecuador 1934 Aug 8 2011 Mar 2 3
Stromboli Italy 1934 Feb 2 2022 Mar 17 (continuing) 2
Dukono Indonesia 1933 Aug 13 2022 Mar 17 (continuing) 3
Nyiragongo DR Congo 1927 Mar 16 ± 15 days 1977 Jan 10 1
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2022 Mar 17 (continuing) 3
Yasur Vanuatu 1774 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2022 Mar 17 (continuing) 3

List of Questions

Global Volcanism Program, 2013. Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.10.6 (24 Mar 2022). Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 25 May 2022. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013.