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What was erupting in the year...?

There were 74 confirmed eruptions at some point during 1980 from 67 different volcanoes; 41 of those were new eruptions that started during the year. A stop date with "(continuing)" indicates that the eruption was considered to be ongoing as of the date indicated. Data is reported through the last data update (12 August 2022). Information about more recent eruptions can be found in the Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report.

Volcano Country Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI
Poas Costa Rica 1980 Dec 26 1980 Dec 26 1
Macdonald Undersea Features 1980 Nov 10 1981 Feb 15 0
Pavlof United States 1980 Nov 8 1980 Nov 13 3
Paluweh Indonesia 1980 Nov 5 1981 Sep 16 ± 15 days 2
Ruapehu New Zealand 1980 Oct 18 1980 Nov 3 1
Callaqui Chile 1980 Oct 16 ± 15 days 1980 Oct 16 ± 15 days 1
Kavachi Solomon Islands 1980 Oct 7 1981 Feb 25 1
Ulawun Papua New Guinea 1980 Oct 6 1980 Oct 7 3
Kuchinoerabujima Japan 1980 Sep 28 1980 Sep 28 2
Asosan Japan 1980 Sep 24 1980 Sep 24 1
Marion Island South Africa 1980 Sep 16 (?) ± 15 days Unknown 1
Poas Costa Rica 1980 Sep 12 1980 Sep 12 1
Gamalama Indonesia 1980 Sep 4 1980 Sep 23 2
Sheveluch Russia 1980 Aug 23 1981 Dec 1 ± 30 days 1
Bezymianny Russia 1980 Aug 21 1980 Aug 27 ± 4 days 2
Hekla Iceland 1980 Aug 17 1980 Aug 20 3
Kanlaon Philippines 1980 Aug 8 Unknown 2
Gareloi United States 1980 Aug 7 1980 Sep 17 3
Pavlof United States 1980 Jul 6 ± 1 days Unknown 1
Akutan United States 1980 Jul 3 (in or before) 1980 Jul 8 (?) 2
Gaua Vanuatu 1980 Jul 2 ± 182 days Unknown 1
Villarrica Chile 1980 Jun 20 1980 Sep 24 2
Gorely Russia 1980 Jun 15 ± 5 days 1981 Jul 3 3
Tengger Caldera Indonesia 1980 Jun 5 ± 1 days 1980 Sep 20 2
Ekarma Russia 1980 May 24 Unknown 1
Ambrym Vanuatu 1980 May 16 1980 Aug 18 3
Makushin United States 1980 May 1 ± 75 days Unknown 1
Bezymianny Russia 1980 Apr 18 1980 Apr 19 3
Lopevi Vanuatu 1980 Apr 15 1980 Aug 20 3
Marapi Indonesia 1980 Mar 29 Unknown 1
St. Helens United States 1980 Mar 27 1986 Oct 28 ± 3 days 5
Karangetang Indonesia 1980 Mar 24 1980 Sep 13 1
Krafla Iceland 1980 Mar 16 1980 Oct 23 0
Krakatau Indonesia 1980 Mar 15 ± 5 days 1980 Dec 16 ± 15 days 2
Ioto Japan 1980 Mar 13 1980 Mar 13 1
Kilauea United States 1980 Mar 11 1980 Mar 11 0
Macdonald Undersea Features 1980 Feb 12 1980 Feb 13 0
Nyamulagira DR Congo 1980 Jan 30 1980 Feb 24 3
Monowai New Zealand 1980 Jan 16 ± 15 days 1980 Jan 16 ± 15 days 0
Ruapehu New Zealand 1980 Jan 15 (?) 1980 Mar 27 (?) 1
Tupungatito Chile-Argentina 1980 Jan 10 1980 Jan 11 2
Bulusan Philippines 1979 Dec 27 1980 Sep 28 3
Sierra Negra Ecuador 1979 Nov 13 1980 Jan 14 (in or after) 3
Ontakesan Japan 1979 Oct 28 1980 Apr 25 2
Poas Costa Rica 1979 Sep 8 1980 Jan 16 ± 15 days 1
Etna Italy 1979 Jul 3 1993 Mar 30 2
Asosan Japan 1979 Jun 5 ± 4 days 1980 Mar 8 2
Chirinkotan Russia 1979 Apr 16 ± 15 days 1980 Oct 10 2
Colima Mexico 1977 Dec 16 ± 15 days 1982 Jun 16 ± 15 days 1
Toya Japan 1977 Aug 7 1982 Mar 16 ± 15 days 3
Klyuchevskoy Russia 1977 Aug 2 1980 Mar 12 3
Whakaari/White Island New Zealand 1976 Dec 18 1982 Jan 29 3
Axial Seamount Undersea Features 1976 Jan 1 ± 6 years 1982 (in or before) 0
Lokon-Empung Indonesia 1975 Nov 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 1980 Jul 2 ± 182 days 2
Galeras Colombia 1974 Jul 2 ± 182 days 1983 Jul 2 (?) ± 182 days 1
Manam Papua New Guinea 1974 Mar 4 (?) 1999 Nov 9 (?) 3
Nevados de Chillan Chile 1973 Jul 16 ± 15 days 1986 Jul 2 ± 182 days 2
Langila Papua New Guinea 1973 Feb 24 ± 4 days 2000 Oct 16 (in or after) ± 15 days 3
Erebus Antarctica 1972 Dec 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2022 Aug 12 (continuing) 2
Merapi Indonesia 1972 Oct 6 1985 Mar 16 ± 15 days 2
Bagana Papua New Guinea 1972 Jul 2 ± 182 days 1995 Jul 2 (in or after) ± 182 days 2
Karymsky Russia 1970 May 11 1982 Oct 11 3
Arenal Costa Rica 1968 Jul 29 2010 Dec 16 (?) ± 15 days 3
Semeru Indonesia 1967 Aug 31 2009 Mar 15 3
Erta Ale Ethiopia 1967 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2022 Aug 12 (continuing) 0
Masaya Nicaragua 1965 Oct 10 (?) 1985 Apr 16 (?) ± 15 days 1
Pacaya Guatemala 1965 Jul 4 1989 Mar 10 3
Suwanosejima Japan 1956 Nov 16 ± 15 days 1984 May 16 ± 15 days 2
Aira Japan 1955 Oct 13 2016 Aug 22 3
Sangay Ecuador 1934 Aug 8 2011 Mar 2 3
Stromboli Italy 1934 Feb 2 2022 Aug 12 (continuing) 2
Dukono Indonesia 1933 Aug 13 2022 Aug 12 (continuing) 3
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2022 Aug 12 (continuing) 3
Yasur Vanuatu 1774 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2022 Aug 12 (continuing) 3

List of Questions

Global Volcanism Program, 2013. Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.11.2 (02 Sep 2022). Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 26 Sep 2022. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013.