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What was erupting in the year...?

There were 64 confirmed eruptions at some point during 1974 from 60 different volcanoes; 27 of those were new eruptions that started during the year. A stop date with "(continuing)" indicates that the eruption was considered to be ongoing as of the date indicated. Data is reported through the last data update (12 August 2022). Information about more recent eruptions can be found in the Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report.

Volcano Country Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI
Kilauea United States 1974 Dec 31 1974 Dec 31 0
Karkar Papua New Guinea 1974 Dec 30 (?) 1975 Jun 26 2
Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba Japan 1974 Dec 24 1975 Nov 13 (?) 2
Kavachi Solomon Islands 1974 Nov 12 1974 Dec 12 (?) 1
Ritter Island Papua New Guinea 1974 Oct 17 1974 Oct 17 1
Fuego Guatemala 1974 Oct 10 1974 Dec 4 4
Poas Costa Rica 1974 Sep 11 1975 Feb 16 ± 15 days 2
Whakaari/White Island New Zealand 1974 Sep 8 ± 10 days Unknown 2
Kick 'em Jenny Grenada 1974 Sep 5 1974 Sep 6 0
Pavlof United States 1974 Sep 1 (in or before) 1975 Jan 13 3
Niigata-Yakeyama Japan 1974 Jul 28 1974 Jul 28 2
Trident United States 1974 Jul 15 ± 45 days Unknown 3
Galeras Colombia 1974 Jul 2 ± 182 days 1983 Jul 2 (?) ± 182 days 1
Raung Indonesia 1974 Jun 15 1974 Jul 17 (?) 2
Kuchinoerabujima Japan 1974 Jun 3 1974 Jun 3 1
Klyuchevskoy Russia 1974 Apr 8 1974 Dec 16 (?) ± 15 days 3
Pavlof United States 1974 Mar 12 1974 Mar 24 (?) 1
Batur Indonesia 1974 Mar 12 1974 Apr 16 ± 15 days 2
Manam Papua New Guinea 1974 Mar 4 (?) 1999 Nov 9 (?) 3
Chokaisan Japan 1974 Mar 1 1974 Apr 30 1
Izu-Oshima Japan 1974 Feb 28 1974 Jun 20 1
Dempo Indonesia 1974 Feb 26 1974 Oct 20 2
Great Sitkin United States 1974 Feb 19 1974 Sep 16 ± 15 days 2
Karkar Papua New Guinea 1974 Feb 14 1974 Aug 8 2
Akutan United States 1974 Feb 11 (in or before) Unknown 2
Kuwae Vanuatu 1974 Feb 4 ± 4 days 1974 Sep 16 (?) ± 15 days 0
Lopevi Vanuatu 1974 Jan 16 ± 15 days 1974 Oct 7 2
Concepcion Nicaragua 1973 Dec 24 1974 Jan 12 2
Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba Japan 1973 Dec 18 1974 Feb 16 2
Iliwerung Indonesia 1973 Dec 5 1974 Aug 22 2
Reventador Ecuador 1973 Nov 16 ± 15 days 1974 Jul 16 ± 15 days 3
Ruapehu New Zealand 1973 Oct 31 1974 Oct 25 1
Gaua Vanuatu 1973 Oct 9 1974 Jan 21 2
Fukujin United States 1973 Sep 27 1974 Mar 5 1
Lokon-Empung Indonesia 1973 Sep 15 1974 Dec 16 ± 15 days 1
Nevados de Chillan Chile 1973 Jul 16 ± 15 days 1986 Jul 2 ± 182 days 2
Long Island Papua New Guinea 1973 Apr 16 ± 15 days 1974 Feb 28 2
Iliboleng Indonesia 1973 Apr 16 ± 15 days 1974 Apr 16 ± 15 days 2
Ambrym Vanuatu 1973 Apr 15 ± 5 days 1976 Oct 14 3
Nishinoshima Japan 1973 Apr 12 1974 May 5 ± 4 days 2
Langila Papua New Guinea 1973 Feb 24 ± 4 days 2000 Oct 16 (in or after) ± 15 days 3
Asosan Japan 1973 Jan 16 ± 15 days 1975 Jun 16 ± 15 days 2
Erebus Antarctica 1972 Dec 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2022 Aug 12 (continuing) 2
Tongariro New Zealand 1972 Nov 22 1974 Aug 19 3
Merapi Indonesia 1972 Oct 6 1985 Mar 16 ± 15 days 2
Bagana Papua New Guinea 1972 Jul 2 ± 182 days 1995 Jul 2 (in or after) ± 182 days 2
Karangetang Indonesia 1972 Jan 16 ± 15 days 1976 Apr 5 3
Etna Italy 1971 Sep 19 1979 Mar 16 (?) ± 15 days 2
Bezymianny Russia 1971 Mar 16 ± 15 days 1974 Dec 16 (in or after) ± 15 days 3
Karymsky Russia 1970 May 11 1982 Oct 11 3
Kilauea United States 1969 Feb 22 1974 Sep 19 0
Arenal Costa Rica 1968 Jul 29 2010 Dec 16 (?) ± 15 days 3
Semeru Indonesia 1967 Aug 31 2009 Mar 15 3
Erta Ale Ethiopia 1967 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2022 Aug 12 (continuing) 0
Masaya Nicaragua 1965 Oct 10 (?) 1985 Apr 16 (?) ± 15 days 1
Pacaya Guatemala 1965 Jul 4 1989 Mar 10 3
Suwanosejima Japan 1956 Nov 16 ± 15 days 1984 May 16 ± 15 days 2
Aira Japan 1955 Oct 13 2016 Aug 22 3
Sangay Ecuador 1934 Aug 8 2011 Mar 2 3
Stromboli Italy 1934 Feb 2 2022 Aug 12 (continuing) 2
Dukono Indonesia 1933 Aug 13 2022 Aug 12 (continuing) 3
Nyiragongo DR Congo 1927 Mar 16 ± 15 days 1977 Jan 10 1
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2022 Aug 12 (continuing) 3
Yasur Vanuatu 1774 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2022 Aug 12 (continuing) 3

List of Questions

Global Volcanism Program, 2013. Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.11.2 (02 Sep 2022). Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 26 Sep 2022. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013.