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What was erupting in the year...?

There were 78 confirmed eruptions at some point during 2018 from 72 different volcanoes; 37 of those were new eruptions that started during the year. A stop date with "(continuing)" indicates that the eruption was considered to be ongoing as of the date indicated. Data is reported through the last data update (17 May 2019). Information about more recent eruptions can be found in the Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report.

Volcano Country Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI
Planchon-Peteroa Chile 2018 Dec 16 2019 Apr 30 (continuing) 1
Tinakula Solomon Islands 2018 Dec 8 (in or before) 2019 Apr 29 (continuing) 2
Copahue Chile-Argentina 2018 Dec 2 2018 Dec 7 2
Karangetang Indonesia 2018 Nov 25 2019 May 17 (continuing) 2
Kuchinoerabujima Japan 2018 Oct 21 2019 Jan 29 (?) 3
Gamalama Indonesia 2018 Oct 4 2018 Oct 6 1
Soputan Indonesia 2018 Oct 2 2018 Dec 15 3
Barren Island India 2018 Sep 25 2019 Apr 11 (continuing) 1
Ulawun Papua New Guinea 2018 Sep 21 2018 Oct 12 2
Sarychev Peak Russia 2018 Sep 8 2018 Oct 15 2
Semisopochnoi United States 2018 Sep 8 2018 Oct 31 1
Veniaminof United States 2018 Sep 4 2018 Dec 23 1
Alaid Russia 2018 Aug 20 2018 Aug 21 1
Sangay Ecuador 2018 Aug 8 2018 Dec 7 2
Rincon de la Vieja Costa Rica 2018 Jul 28 2019 May 17 (continuing) 1
Nishinoshima Japan 2018 Jul 12 2018 Jul 21 1
Sierra Negra Ecuador 2018 Jun 26 2018 Aug 23 2
Telica Nicaragua 2018 Jun 21 2018 Aug 15 1
Krakatau Indonesia 2018 Jun 18 2019 May 17 (continuing) 3
Fernandina Ecuador 2018 Jun 16 2018 Jun 21 1
Great Sitkin United States 2018 Jun 10 2018 Aug 11 1
Ulawun Papua New Guinea 2018 Jun 8 2018 Jun 8 1
Merapi Indonesia 2018 May 11 2019 May 17 (continuing) 3
Karymsky Russia 2018 Apr 28 2018 Sep 30 3
Marapi Indonesia 2018 Apr 27 2018 May 2 2
San Cristobal Nicaragua 2018 Apr 22 2018 Apr 22 1
Kerinci Indonesia 2018 Apr 21 2019 May 10 (continuing) 1
Nyamuragira DR Congo 2018 Apr 18 2019 Apr 8 (?) 0
Piton de la Fournaise France 2018 Apr 3 2018 Nov 1 0
Dieng Volcanic Complex Indonesia 2018 Apr 1 2018 Apr 1 1
Kirishimayama Japan 2018 Mar 1 2018 Jun 27 3
Sangay Ecuador 2018 Feb 25 2018 Feb 25 1
Karangetang Indonesia 2018 Feb 2 2018 Feb 2 1
Kusatsu-Shiranesan Japan 2018 Jan 23 2018 Jan 23 1
San Miguel El Salvador 2018 Jan 14 2018 May 30 1
Mayon Philippines 2018 Jan 13 2019 Mar 19 (continuing) 2
Kadovar Papua New Guinea 2018 Jan 5 2019 May 17 (continuing) 2
Agung Indonesia 2017 Nov 21 2019 May 17 (continuing) 3
Ambae Vanuatu 2017 Sep 6 (?) 2019 Apr 9 (continuing) 3
Sangeang Api Indonesia 2017 Jul 15 2019 May 17 (continuing) 2
Karymsky Russia 2017 Jun 4 2018 Jan 27 3
Copahue Chile-Argentina 2017 Jun 4 2018 Jul 31 1
Rincon de la Vieja Costa Rica 2017 May 23 2018 Mar 15 ± 3 days 2
Ol Doinyo Lengai Tanzania 2017 Apr 9 2019 Mar 25 (continuing) 0
Aira Japan 2017 Mar 25 2019 May 17 (continuing) 1
Sabancaya Peru 2016 Nov 6 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 3
Ebeko Russia 2016 Oct 20 2019 May 17 (continuing) 2
Saunders United Kingdom 2016 Sep 28 2019 May 9 (continuing) 1
Cleveland United States 2016 Apr 16 2019 Jan 16 2
Langila Papua New Guinea 2016 Apr 2 2018 Oct 30 2
Nevados de Chillan Chile 2016 Jan 8 2019 May 17 (continuing) 2
Masaya Nicaragua 2015 Oct 3 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 1
Klyuchevskoy Russia 2015 Aug 28 2018 Jun 15 3
Pacaya Guatemala 2015 Jun 7 ± 1 days 2019 May 17 (continuing) 1
Turrialba Costa Rica 2015 Mar 8 2019 May 17 (continuing) 2
Villarrica Chile 2014 Dec 2 ± 7 days 2019 May 17 (continuing) 1
Manam Papua New Guinea 2014 Jun 29 2019 May 17 (continuing) 2
Semeru Indonesia 2014 Apr 1 ± 15 days 2019 Apr 19 (continuing) 3
Sinabung Indonesia 2013 Sep 15 2018 Jul 5 4
Etna Italy 2013 Sep 3 2019 May 17 (continuing) 2
Heard Australia 2012 Sep 5 ± 4 days 2019 May 14 (continuing) 0
Bezymianny Russia 2010 May 21 (?) 2019 May 13 (continuing) 3
Reventador Ecuador 2008 Jul 27 2019 May 17 (continuing) 2
Ambrym Vanuatu 2008 May 23 2018 Dec 17 2
Ibu Indonesia 2008 Apr 5 2019 May 17 (continuing) 1
Popocatepetl Mexico 2005 Jan 9 2019 May 17 (continuing) 2
Suwanosejima Japan 2004 Oct 23 2019 May 10 (continuing) 2
Nyiragongo DR Congo 2002 May 17 (?) 2019 Apr 11 (continuing) 2
Fuego Guatemala 2002 Jan 4 2019 May 17 (continuing) 3
Bagana Papua New Guinea 2000 Feb 28 (in or before) 2019 Mar 29 (continuing) 2
Sheveluch Russia 1999 Aug 15 2019 May 17 (continuing) 4
Kilauea United States 1983 Jan 3 2018 Sep 5 3
Erebus Antarctica 1972 Dec 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2
Erta Ale Ethiopia 1967 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 0
Stromboli Italy 1934 Feb 2 2019 May 17 (continuing) 2
Dukono Indonesia 1933 Aug 13 2019 May 17 (continuing) 3
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2019 May 17 (continuing) 3
Yasur Vanuatu 1774 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2019 Apr 9 (continuing) 3

List of Questions

What volcanoes have the most people living nearby?

What volcanoes have had the longest eruptions?

How many active volcanoes are there?

Has volcanic activity been increasing?

What was erupting in the year...?

What is a volcano?

What is the world's highest volcano?

How do scientists forecast eruptions?

What volcanoes are the most noteworthy?

Why doesn't GVP post alert levels?

What Holocene volcanoes are in areas with a UNESCO classification?


Global Volcanism Program, 2013. Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.8.0. Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 22 May 2019. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013